Jean de Lalande
|Saint John de Lalande|
|Born||Dieppe, Seine-Maritime, France|
October 19, 1646|
Auriesville, New York, United States
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||June 21, 1925, Rome, Italy by Pope Pius XI|
|Canonized||29 June 1930, Rome, Italy by Pope Pius XI|
|Major shrine||National Shrine of the North American Martyrs, Auriesville, New York, USA (where he was martyred)|
|Feast||19 October (general calendar), 26 September (Canada)|
Saint Jean de Lalande (died October 19, 1646) was a Jesuit missionary at Sainte-Marie among the Hurons and one of the eight North American Martyrs. He was killed at the Mohawk village of Ossernenon after being captured by warriors.
Jean de Lalande was a native of Dieppe, Normandy. He arrived in New France at the age of nineteen to serve with the Jesuits in New France as a donné, a lay brother. In late September 1646, Lalande was a member of a party led by Jesuit Isaac Jogues as an envoy to the Mohawk lands to protect the precarious peace of the time. However, Mohawk attitudes towards this peace had soured during the men's journey and they were attacked by a Mohawk party en route.
They were taken to the Mohawk village of Ossernenon (9 miles west of the current site of Auriesville, New York). The moderate Turtle and Wolf clans ruled they should be set free but, angered by this, members of the Bear clan killed Jogues on October 18. The next day, they killed Lalande when he attempted to recover the body of Father Jogues from the path of the village.
At Fordham University's Rose Hill Campus in the Bronx, New York, a freshman dormitory—Martyrs' Court—has three sections, which are named for the three U.S. martyr-saints: John LaLande, René Goupil, and Isaac Jogues.
Saint Jean de Lalande is the patron saint of the Saint John LaLande Catholic Parish in Blue Springs, Missouri. A seven foot tall limestone statue of St. John LaLande, carved by Fritz Carpenter of the Stefan Mittler Monument Company in Madison, Wisconsin, stands outside the church. A second wooden statue, depicting Jean LaLande dressed in buckskin was commissioned from Studio Demetz in Ortisei, Italy, and dedicated on May 18, 2013, in honor of the parish's seventy-fifth anniversary.
Jean de Lalande also has special meaning to the Catholic youth camp Camp Ondessonk which honors the North American martyrs and their Native American friends.
- Foley OFM, Leonard. "St. Isaac Jogues, Jean de Brébeuf and Companions", Saint of the Day, Franciscan Media
- Phelan, Horatio. Jean de la Lande / ? - 1646, Wyandot.org Retrieved 2009-10-18.
- Donald A. RUMRILL, "An Interpretation and Analysis of the Seventeenth Century Mohawk Nation: Its Chronology and Movements," The Bulletin and Journal of Archaeology for New York State, 1985, vol. 90, pp. 1-39
- Dean R. SNOW, (1995) Mohawk Valley Archaeology: The Sites, University at Albany Institute for Archaeological Studies (First Edition); Occasional Papers Number 23, Matson Museum of Anthropology, The Pennsylvania State University (Second Edition).
- "Biography – LA LANDE, JEAN DE – Volume I (1000-1700) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". Retrieved 2018-08-22.
- Fordham. "Fordham online information | About | Faith and Service | Mission Integration and Planning | Campus Ministry". www.fordham.edu. Retrieved 2018-08-22.
- "Martyrs' Court". Fordham University. Retrieved 2011-10-27.
- "Statue of St. John LaLande dedicated | The Catholic Key". catholickey.org. Retrieved 2018-08-22.
- St. John Lalande Library St. Jean de Lalande Archives
- Camp Ondessonk,
- "Statue of St. John LaLande, Blue Springs, Missouri