Jean-Antoine Marbot

Jean-Antoine Marbot
General Jean-Antoine Marbot
Born (1754-12-07)7 December 1754
Altillac (Corrèze), Kingdom of France
Died 19 April 1800(1800-04-19) (aged 45)
Genoa, Italy
Allegiance  Kingdom of France
Kingdom of France
 French First Republic
Rank Général de Division

French Revolutionary Wars

Awards Name engraved on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
Relations Marie-Louise Dupuy de Certain (spouse)
Antoine Adolphe Marcelin Marbot (son)
Jean-Baptiste Antoine Marcellin Marbot (son)
Other work President of the Council of Ancients
Deputy of Corrèze
Military Governor of Paris

Jean-Antoine Marbot (7 December 1754 - 19 April 1800) was a French general and politician.


His military career began in the prestigious regiment of the Royal Gardes du Corps during the reign of King Louis XV, where he attained the rank of Captain of the dragoons and served as aide-de-camp to Count Schomberg.

Leaving the army at the beginning of the Revolution, he was elected administrator of the department of Corrèze in 1790 and then deputy of this department in the Legislative Assembly on 3 September 1791 with 206 votes out of 361, where he sat in the majority.

Taking up service, he was promoted Brigadier General on 30 August 1793. He fought in Cerdanya in Spain, before joining the Army of the Western Pyrenées (French: Armée des Pyrénées occidentales), where he remained in 1794 and 1795 as Division General.

He was elected Deputy of Corrèze in the Council of the Ancients, the upper house of French legislature during the French First Republic on 23 Vendémiaire, Year IV, with 121 votes out of 236. He opposed the Royalists gathered around the Club de Clichy and approved the coup d'état of 18 Fructidor, Year V. He was elected President of the Council of Ancients twice, before being appointed as the Military Governor of Paris in 1799, commanding the 17th Military Division.

He was one of the Commanders of the Army of Italy (French: Armée d'Italie), which he joined shortly before the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire. He was wounded during the siege of Genoa and died a result of his wounds and of typhus.


The name of General Jean-Antoine Marbot is among the 660 names engraved on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris (western pillar, 34th column).


On 3 October 1775, he married Marie-Louise Dupuy de Certain, with whom he had four sons:

See also


  • (in French) Adolphe Robert, Gaston Cougny, Dictionary of French Parliamentarians from 1789 to 1889, Paris, Bourloton, 1889, Volume 4, , pp. 251 - 260.

Political offices
Preceded by
André-Daniel Laffon de Ladebat
President of the Council of Ancients
Succeeded by
Emmanuel Crétet
Preceded by
Claude Ambroise Régnier
President of the Council of Ancients
Succeeded by
Étienne Maynaud de Bizefranc de Lavaux
Military offices
Preceded by
General Barthélemy Catherine Joubert
Military governor of Paris
Succeeded by
General François Joseph Lefebvre
Preceded by
General Louis-Gabriel Suchet
Commander of the Armée d'Italie
Succeeded by
General André Masséna

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