Japanese archipelago

Japanese Archipelago
Archipelago
Japanese archipelago shown in dark green

The Japanese archipelago (日本列島, Nihon Rettō) is the group of islands that forms the country of Japan, and extends roughly from northeast to southwest along the northeastern coast of the Eurasia mainland, washing upon the northwestern shores of the Pacific Ocean. It consists of islands from the Sakhalin island arc, the Northeastern Japan arc to the Ryukyu islands and the Nanpō Islands.

The term Home Islands was used at the end of World War II to define the area of Japan to which its sovereignty and the constitutional rule of the Emperor would be restricted. The term is also commonly used today to distinguish the archipelago from Japan's colonies and other territories in the first half of the 20th century.[1]

Palaeogeography

Geography

The archipelago consists of 6,852 islands (here defined as land more than 100 m in circumference), of which 430 are inhabited.[2] The four main islands, from north to south, are Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu; Honshu is the largest and referred to as the Japanese mainland.[3]

The current Japanese archipelago topography is:

Islands and prefectures

See also

References

  1. Milton W. Meyer, Japan: A Concise History, 4th ed. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield, 2012, ISBN 9780742541184, p. 2.
  2. "Islands in Abundance", Look Japan Volume 43, Issues 493–504, p. 37.
  3. "Japanese Archipelago", TheFreeDictionary.com, retrieved 24 June 2013.
  4. "The Chautauquan", Volume 42, p. 6.
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