Jamestown Red Sox
The Red Sox played independently of any league because their mixed race roster was a problem in a period of segregation. As their player-manager from May to October 1934, Ted Radcliffe became the first black man to manage white professional players. With backing from the local Gladstone Hotel, the team also signed Barney Brown, Bill Perkins, and Steel Arm Davis to become the strongest team in North Dakota. The club played 56 games in that year going 40-16. After the regular season, the Red Sox played the Earl Mack Major League All-Stars featuring Jimmie Foxx, Heinie Manush, Pinky Higgins, Doc Cramer, Ted Lyons and Earl Whitehill. Jamestown won 3 straight games.
The team played in grey flannel jerseys decorated with a black felt letter "J" on the left breast and a red felt sock on the right sleeve.
- McNary 2001
- Gadfly in Post#15, Baseball Think Factory, May 23, 2005
- '1934 Jamestown Red Sox', Pitch Black Baseball (2005) Retrieved August 29, 2005.
- McNary, Kyle P. 'North Dakota Whips Big Leagues', Pitch Black Baseball (2001) Retrieved July 25, 2005.
- Various 'Hall of Merit discussion:Ted Radcliffe', Baseball Think Factory (2005) Retrieved July 25, 2005.