Italian general election, 1865

Italian general election, 1865

22–29 October 1865

All 443 seats to the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy

  Majority party Minority party Third party
Leader Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora Urbano Rattazzi Giuseppe Mazzini
Party Historical Right Historical Left Historical Far Left
Seats won 183 156 15
Seat change 159 94 1
Popular vote 114,208 98,708 13,242
Percentage 42.0% 36.3% 4.9%

Prime Minister before election

Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
Historical Right

Elected Prime Minister

Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
Historical Right

General elections were held in Italy on 22 October 1865, with a second round of voting on 29 October.[1] It was the second one in the history of Italy.

Electoral campaign

The Historical Right was led by the former Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia, Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora, a long-time general who fought during the Italian unification.

On the other hand, the bloc of the Historical Left was led by Urbano Rattazzi, a liberal politician who was between the founders of the Italian left-wing parliamentary group.

In opposition to the two main blocs there were a third party known as The Extreme, a far-left coalition, under the leadership of Giuseppe Mazzini, an Italian revolutionary and a key figure of the Unification.

On 22 and 29 October, only 504,263 men of a total population of around 23 million were entitled to vote.[2] Right-wing candidates emerged as the largest bloc in Parliament with around 41% of the 443 seats.[3] They were largely aristocrats representing rentiers from the north of the country, and held moderate political views including loyalty to the crown and low government spending;[4] the general La Marmora was appointed Prime Minister by the king Victor Emmanuel II.

Parties and leaders

Party Ideology Leader
Historical Right Conservatism, Monarchism Alfonso Ferrero La Marmora
Historical Left Liberalism, Centrism Urbano Rattazzi
Historical Far Left Republicanism, Radicalism Giuseppe Mazzini


Summary of October 1865 Chamber of Deputies election results
Party Votes % Seats +/−
Historical Right114,208[lower-alpha 1]42.0183−159
Historical Left98,708[lower-alpha 1]36.3156+94
Historical Far Left13,242[lower-alpha 1]4.915+1
Independents45,792[lower-alpha 1]16.889
Invalid/blank votes12,888
Registered voters/turnout504,26353.9
Source: Corriere della Sera
  1. 1 2 3 4 Estimate
Popular vote
Historical Right
Historical Left
Historical Far Left
Parliamentary seats
Historical Right
Historical Left
Historical Far Left


  1. Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1047 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Nohlen & Stöver, p1049
  3. Nohlen & Stöver, p1082
  4. Nohlen & Stöver, p1028
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