Istok

Istok
Town and municipality
Albanian: Istog / Istogu
Serbian: Исток / Istok
Town panorama of Istok

Coat of arms

Location of the municipality of Istok within Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°47′N 20°29′E / 42.783°N 20.483°E / 42.783; 20.483
Country Kosovo[lower-alpha 1]
District District of Peć
Government
  Mayor Haki Rugova
  Municipal 454 km2 (175 sq mi)
Elevation 480 m (1,570 ft)
Population (2011)
  Urban 5,115
  Municipal 39,289
  Municipal density 87/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 31000
Area code(s) +381
Car plates 03
Website kk.rks-gov.net/istog

Istok or Istog (Albanian: Istog, Istogu, Serbian: Исток, Istok) is a town and municipality located in the Peć District of eastern Kosovo[lower-alpha 1] According to the 2011 census, the town of Istok has 5,115 inhabitants, while the municipality has 39,289 inhabitants.

Name

The name of the town comes from the version of the Serbian word istok (variant istek), meaning "well, water source" referring to the springs of the Istočka river, a tributary to the White Drin river.[1] The name of the nearby village of Vrela, one of the largest settlements in the municipality, also means "springs", as does the newly proposed Albanian name of the town, Burimi.

History

The Ottoman defter (tax registry; census) of 1582 registered the Peć nahiyah as having 235 villages, of which Suho Grlo (Suvo Grlo) was located within modern Istok municipality. Suvo Grlo had three bigger mahala (neighbourhoods), whose inhabitants were Serbs. One of the neighbourhoods converted to Islam. There were several Orthodox priests in the village.[2]

Demographics

Municipal historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194825,292    
195328,555+2.46%
196133,779+2.12%
197141,009+1.96%
198150,104+2.02%
199157,261+1.34%
201139,289−1.87%
2016
est.
39,604+0.16%
Source: Division of Kosovo
Urban historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
19482,074    
19532,111+0.35%
19612,657+2.92%
19713,467+2.70%
19814,478+2.59%
19916,384+3.61%
20115,115−1.10%
Source: Cities of Kosovo

According to the last official census done in 2011, the municipality of Istok has 39,289 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

The municipality of Istok has an ethnic Kosovo Albanian majority. Most of the Kosovo Serbs live in the village of Osojane.[3] Osojane is to the east of the city Istok; also part of the Serbs lives in northern part of the municipality.

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs
Year/Population Albanians  % Serbs  % Montenegrins  % Bosniaks  % Roma/Ashkali  % Total
196119,06756.459,09726.913,80411.258812.61633,799
197127,37166.748,94421.812,4205.901,8764.572430.5941,009
198135,97271.797,73615.441,8563.703,5457.087471.4950,104
199143,91076.685,96810.421,3022.274,0707.111,3462.3557,261
199851,00080.17,27011.4
200641,000925401.21,3302.91,7403.944,610
201136,1541941,14215139,289
Ref: Yugoslav Population Censuses for data through 1991, and Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe estimates for data in 1998 and 2006, 2011 estimate

Economy

After World War II, watermills on the river of Istok were nationalized and a new fish plant was built to operate as a socially owned enterprise. The company's name during socialism was "Ribnjak" (in Serbian) meaning "piscatory" or "fishery", and when it was privatized as Motel "Trofta" (in Albanian) meaning "Trout", or the type of fish it has been and is still producing, selling, and distributing. The company employs around 70 people.

Notable people

See also

Notes and references

Notes:

  1. 1 2 Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References:

Coordinates: 42°47′N 20°29′E / 42.783°N 20.483°E / 42.783; 20.483

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