Israeli legislative election, 1992

Elections for the 13th Knesset
23 June 1992

Party Leader % Seats ±
Labor Yitzhak Rabin 34.7% 44 +5
Likud Yitzhak Shamir 24.9% 32 -8
Meretz Shulamit Aloni 9.6% 12 +2
Tzomet Rafael Eitan 6.4% 8 +6
Mafdal Zvulun Hammer 5.0% 6 +1
Shas Aryeh Deri 4.9% 6 0
United Torah Judaism Avraham Yosef Shapira 3.3% 4 -3
Hadash Tawfiq Ziad 2.4% 3 -1
Moledet Rehavam Ze'evi 2.4% 3 +1
Arab Democratic Party Abdulwahab Darawshe 1.6% 2 +1
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
Prime Minister before Prime Minister after
Yitzhak Shamir
Likud
Yitzhak Rabin
Labor Party

Elections for the 13th Knesset were held in Israel on 23 June 1992. The election resulted in the formation of a Labor government, led by Yitzhak Rabin, helped by the failure of several small right wing parties to pass the electoral threshold.[1] Voter turnout was 77.4%.[2]

Results

Party Votes % Seats +/−
Labor Party 1906,81034.744+5
Likud 2651,22924.932−8
Meretz250,6679.612+2
Tzomet 3166,3666.48+6
National Religious Party129,6635.06+1
Shas 4129,3474.960
United Torah Judaism 586,1673.34−3
Hadash62,5452.43−1
Moledet 662,2692.43+1
Arab Democratic Party40,7881.62+1
Tehiya31,9571.20−3
Progressive List for Peace24,1810.90−1
New Liberal Party16,6690.60New
Geulat Yisrael12,8510.50New
Da11,6970.40New
Yad BeYad8,3270.30New
Movement for Mortgage Affected, Homeless and Demobilised Soldiers5,9620.200
Pikanti3,7500.10New
Torah VeAretz3,7080.10New
On Wheels3,3550.10New
Women's Party2,8860.10New
Hatikva2,0530.10New
Natural Law Party1,7340.10New
Tali1,3360.10New
Tzipor5230.00New
Invalid/blank votes21,102
Total2,637,9431001200
Registered voters/turnout3,409,01577.4
Source: Nohlen et al.

1 Two MKs left the Labor Party to establish the Third Way, whilst Nava Arad also left the party.

2 Two MKs left Likud to establish Gesher, whilst Efraim Gur also left the party.

3 Three MKs left Tzomet to establish Yiud. One MK then left Yiud to establish Atid.

4 Yosef Azran left Shas.

5 United Torah Judaism split into Agudat Yisrael (two seats) and Degel HaTorah (two seats).

6 One MK left Moldet to establish Yamin Yisrael, whilst Yosef Ba-Gad also left the party.

Thirteenth Knesset

Labour's Yitzhak Rabin formed the twenty-fifth government on 13 July 1992, including Meretz and Shas in his coalition, which had 17 ministers. Hadash and the Arab Democratic Party also supported the government despite not being coalition members. Shas left the coalition in September 1993, and Yiud joined in January 1995.

Rabin's government advanced the peace process to unprecedented levels; the Oslo Accords were signed with Yasser Arafat's PLO in 1993 and the Israel–Jordan peace treaty in 1994. The government's willingness to make peace with Syria and concede the Golan Heights led to Avigdor Kahalani and Emanuel Zisman leaving the party to form the Third Way.

After Rabin's assassination on 4 November 1995, Shimon Peres took over as Prime Minister and formed a new government on 22 November 1995. His coalition was the same as before; Labor, Meretz and Yiud. Peres called early elections in 1996 in order to seek a mandate to continue the peace process,[3] in which he lost.

References

  1. "The 1992 Knesset Elections Revisited" Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs
  2. Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p. 128 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  3. "Memory of Rabin likely to influence Israeli elections" CNN, 5 February 1996
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