Islamic toilet etiquette
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The only issue which the Qur'an mentions is the one of washing one's hands (verse 5:6). Issues of chirality (bodily symmetry), such as whether one uses the left or right hand, and which foot is used to step into or out of toilet areas, are derived from hadith sources.
A Muslim must first find an acceptable place away from standing water, people's pathways, or shade. They are advised that it is better to enter the area with the left foot, facing away from the Qiblah (prayer point).
While on the toilet, one must remain silent. Talking, answering greetings, or greeting others is strongly discouraged. When defecating together, two men cannot converse, nor look at each other's genitals. A man should not touch his genitals with the right hand. Eating any food while on the toilet is strictly forbidden.
The anus must be washed with water after defecating. Similarly, the penis and vulva must be washed with water after urinating. This washing is known as istinja. The Qur'an suggests that one should wash one's hands as well, which is discussed in verse 5:6.
When leaving the toilet, one is advised to leave with the right foot, and also say a prayer – "Praise be to Allah who relieved me of the filth and gave me relief." It is also reported in the hadith of Bukhari that whenever Muhammad went to the toilet, he said "In the name of Allah, O Allah! I seek refuge with You from all offensive and wicked things" (alternate translation: "from evil deeds and evil spirits").
Do's and Don'ts
Say a prayer when entering to ward off jinn and demons
Do not face nor turn your back to the direction of the Ka'aba
— Narrated Abu Aiyub Al-Ansari: The Prophet said, “While defecating, neither face nor turn your back to the Qibla but face either east or west.” Abu Aiyub added. “When we arrived in Sham we came across some lavatories facing the Qibla; therefore we turned ourselves while using them and asked for Allah’s forgiveness.”
— Abu Ayyub reported: The Apostle of Allah said: Whenever you go to the desert, neither turn your face nor turn your back towards the Qibla while answering the call of nature, but face towards the east or the west. Abu Ayyub said: When we came to Syria we found that the latrines already built there were facing towards the Qibla. We turned our faces away from them and begged forgiveness of the Lord. He said: Yes.
Remove your rings
Do not hold nor touch the penis with your right hand
Do not stand while urinating
— Narrated Amr ibn al-'As: AbdurRahman ibn Hasanah reported: I and Amr ibn al-'As went to the Prophet. He came out with a leather shield (in his hand). He covered himself with it and urinated. Then we said: Look at him. He is urinating as a woman does. The Prophet (peace be upon him), heard this and said: Do you not know what befell a person from amongst Banu Isra'il (the children of Israel)? When urine fell on them, they would cut off the place where the urine fell; but he (that person) forbade them (to do so), and was punished in his grave.
Do not soil yourself with urine
This is a major sin.
— Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: Once the Prophet, while passing through one of the grave-yards of Medina or Mecca heard the voices of two persons who were being tortured in their graves. The Prophet said, "These two persons are being tortured not for a major sin (to avoid)." The Prophet then added, "Yes! (they are being tortured for a major sin). Indeed, one of them never saved himself from being soiled with his urine while the other used to go about with calumnies (to make enmity between friends). The Prophet then asked for a green leaf of a date-palm tree, broke it into two pieces and put one on each grave. On being asked why he had done so, he replied, "I hope that their torture might be lessened, till these get dried."
Clean yourself with an odd number of stones
Do not clean yourself with less than three stones
— Salman said that (one among) the polytheists remarked: I see that your friend even teaches you about the excrement. He replied; Yes, he has in fact forbidden us that anyone amongst us should cleanse himself with his right hand, or face the Qibla. He has forbidden the use of dung or bone for it, and he has also instructed us not to use less than three pebbles (for this purpose).
— Narrated Salman al-Farsi: It was said to Salman: Your Prophet teaches you everything, even about excrement. He replied: Yes. He has forbidden us to face the qiblah at the time of easing or urinating, and cleansing with right hand, and cleansing with less than three stones, or cleansing with dung or bone.
Do not use dung or bones
— Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud: A deputation of the jinn came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: O Muhammad, forbid your community to cleans themselves with a bone or dung or charcoal, for in them Allah has provided sustenance for us. So the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade them to do so.
— Narrated Abu Huraira: I followed the Prophet while he was going out to answer the call of nature. He used not to look this way or that. So, when I approached near him he said to me, "Fetch for me some stones for ' cleaning the privates parts (or said something similar), and do not bring a bone or a piece of dung." So I brought the stones in the corner of my garment and placed them by his side and I then went away from him. When he finished (from answering the call of nature) he used, them.
— Narrated Ruwayfi' ibn Thabit: ... The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said: You may live for a long time after I am gone, Ruwayfi', so, tell people that if anyone ties his beard or wears round his neck a string to ward off the evil eye, or cleanses himself with animal dung or bone, Muhammad has nothing to do with him.
— Narrated 'Abdullah: The Prophet went out to answer the call of nature and asked me to bring three stones. I found two stones and searched for the third but could not find it. So took a dried piece of dung and brought it to him. He took the two stones and threw away the dung and said, "This is a filthy thing."
Do not use your right hand
Do not uncover your private parts until after squatting
Wash yourself once you're done
— Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The prayer of a person who does Hadath (passes urine, stool, or wind) is not accepted till he performs (repeats) the ablution." A person from Hadaramout asked Abu Huraira, "What is 'Hadath'?" Abu Huraira replied, " 'Hadath' means the passing of wind from the anus."
The above hadith wants to say 'spear-headed stick.'
— Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The following verse was revealed in connection with the people of Quba': "In it are men who love to be purified" (ix.108). He (AbuHurayrah) said: They used to cleanse themselves with water after easing. So the verse was revealed in connection with them.
No need to cleanse when done in a river
— Usama b. Zaid (Allah be pleased with him) reported: Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) on his way back from 'Arafat got down in one of these creeks (to answer the call of nature), and after he had done that I poured water (over his hands) and said: Are you going to pray? Thereupon he said: The place of prayer is ahead of you.
Say a prayer when exiting the toilet
Do not speak in the toilet
— Narrated Muhajir ibn Qunfudh: Muhajir came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) while he was urinating. He saluted him. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not return the salutation to him until he performed ablution. He then apologised to him, saying: I disliked remembering Allah except in the state of purification.
- Sachiko Murata (1992), "ch. 3 The Two Hands of God", The Tao of Islam, ISBN 978-0-7914-0913-8
- Narrated by Abu Hurairah and collected in Sahih Muslim (Book 002, Number 0516
- Narrated by Anas bin Malik and collected in Sahih al-Bukhari (Volume 1, Book 4, Number 144) and Sahih Muslim (Book 003, Number 729)
- Shu'aib, Tajuddin B., "Qadaahul Haajah (Relieving Oneself)", The Prescribed Prayer Made Simple, MSA West Compendium of Muslim Texts, archived from the original on 2009-08-19, retrieved 2009-03-10
- Sunaan ibn Majah, 1.342
- Sunaan Abu Dawud, 1.1.0031
- Mishkat, 1.185
- Mishkat, 1.183
- Sunaan Nasai, 1.24, 25
- Sahih Muslim, 2.0512
- Sahih Bukhari, 1.4.156
- "Whenever anyone of you drinks water, he should not breathe in the drinking utensil, and whenever anyone of you goes to a lavatory, he is advised better to neither touch his penis nor clean his private parts with his right hand." (Sahih Bukhari, 1. 4.155) Archived 2011-05-25 at the Wayback Machine.
- Hadith of Bukhari: Volumes I, II, III & IV. 1944. P.39. Hadith 1:144.
- Abu Dawud 1:6
- Muslim 3:729
- Bukhari 1:4:144
- Bukhari 1:8:388
- Muslim 2:507
- Abu Dawud 1:19
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- Bukhari 1:4:156
- Muslim 2:511
- Muslim 2:512
- "Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, al-Tahaarah, 12; he said, this is the most saheeh report on this topic. It was also classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi, no. 11" - Is it haraam to urinate standing up? - Islam Q&A, Fatwa No. 9790
- Abu dawud 1:22
- Muslim 2:508
- "Reported by Ibn Maajah, 342; see also Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1202" - Muslim bathroom etiquette - Islam Q&A, Fatwa No. 2532. See also Sahih al-Jaami’ No. 1202
- Bukhari 1:4:215
- Bukhari 1:4:162
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- Abu dawud 1:7
- Abu Dawud 1:39
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- Bukhari 1:4:158
- Muslim 2:506
- Bukhari 7:69:534
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- "Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 14; see also Saheeh al-Jaami’, 4652" - Muslim bathroom etiquette - Islam Q&A, Fatwa No. 2532.
- Bukhari 1:4:137
- Bukhari 1:4:152. See also Bukhari 1:4:153
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- Abu dawud 1:44
- Muslim 7:2942
- Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah and At-Tirmithi. An-Nasa'i recorded it in 'Amalul-Yawm wal-Laylah. Also see Ibn Al-Qayyim's Zadul-Ma'ad, 2/387.
- Abu Dawud 1:30
- Abu Dawud 1:15
- Abu Dawud 1:17
- An-Nasaa'i 37, Ibn Majah 353
- Shaykh Faraz Rabbani. "Giving salams to someone in the toilet". Question ID 2118. SunniPath. Archived from the original on 2014-01-19.
- Ibn Nujaym, al-Bahr al-Raiq (8.236)