Islamic Republic of Iran Army
|Islamic Republic of Iran Army|
Seal of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army
Flags of the Islamic Republic of Iran Army
|Current form||1979Islamic Republic)(|
|Commander-in-Chief||Amir Sarlashkar A. Mousavi|
|Budget||$2,036.91 million (1395 SH)|
The Islamic Republic of Iran Army (Persian: ارتش جمهوری اسلامی ایران), acronymed AJA (Persian: آجا), simply known as the Iranian Army or Artesh (Persian: ارتش, translit. Arteš meaning military in Persian), is the "conventional military of Iran" and part of Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The army is tasked to protect the territorial integrity of the Iranian state from external and internal threats and to project power. Artesh has its own Joint Staff which coordinates its four separate service branches: Ground Forces, Air Force, Navy and the newly established Air Defense Force.
Missions and deployments
Iranian army fought two major invasions in modern era. In the first time, 1941 invasion by Soviet and British forces during World War II resulted to decisive enemy victory, deposition of Iran's Shah and five years of occupation. The second time, 1980 Iraqi invasion started a war lasting for almost eight years, which ended to status quo ante bellum. The army has been actively engaged in fighting tribal and separatist rebellions since the 1940s and so far has successfully suppressed Azeri separatism, Kurdish separatism, Arab separatism and Balochistan separatism to protect Iran's territorial integrity.
From 1972 to 1976, Iranian army troops were sent to Oman to put down Dhofar Rebellion. In 1976, a contingent were sent to Pakistan to assist the Pakistan army against Baloch insurgents. Iranian army personnel were also reportedly present in the Vietnam War. In 2016, members of Iranian army's special forces were deployed to fight in Syrian Civil War.
International peacekeeping missions
Iranian Army participated in United Nations (UN) peacekeeping missions in the 1970s, sending a battalion to replace Peruvian forces in Golan Heights part of Disengagement Observer Force. After Israeli invasion of Lebanon, bulk of the forces were deployed in Interim Force in Lebanon until late 1978. Replaced by Fininish forces, Iranian peacekeepers were withdrawn in 1979 following the revolution.
In 1993, Iranian Army reestablished its professional peacekeeping units and declared that they are ready to be dispatched to any place in the world the UN wants. Since then, Iran has deployed forces in Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea in 2003 and African Union Mission in Darfur in 2012.
Iranian Army's maritime branch has launched several missions to fight piracy off the coast of Somalia, securing the release of many other countries' sailors.
The Iranian Army has deployed forces to help Iranian Red Lion and Sun and Red Crescent societies in rescue and relief missions of internal disasters, including clearing roads, communications establishment, logistics and goods supply, airlifting equimpents, debris and devastation, transporting casualties and personnel and setting up field hospitals and post-hospital care centers.
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