Iranian legislative election, 1988
All 270 seats of Islamic Consultative Assembly
136 seats needed for a majority
Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 8 April 1988, with a second round on 13 May. The result was a victory for leftist politicians who later emerged as reformists. The number of clerics elected to the Majlis was reduced by over a third.
The constitution approved in a December 1979 referendum provided for a 270-seat Majlis, with five seats reserved for minority groups including Jews, Zorastrians, Armenians from the north and south of the country and one jointly elected by Assyrians and Chaldeans.
The elections were conducted using a two-round system, with the number of candidates progressing to the second round being double the number of seats available. Candidates required an absolute majority to win a seat in the first round, and plurality to win in the second round.
- Association of Combatant Clerics (right-wing)
- Combatant Clergy Association (left-wing)
- Coalition of the Oppressed and Deprived (left-wing)
Freedom Movement of Iran boycotted the elections.
The newly elected Majlis met for the first time on 28 May, and elected Mir-Hossein Mousavi as Prime Minister on 30 June.
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By the end of September 1989, the radicals had close to 160 supporters, around 90 deputies belonged to the pragmatists' camp, the rest were "fence-sitters."
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- James W. Heslep The Decline of Clerics in the Iranian Majles
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