International Sports Federation for Persons with Intellectual Disability

INAS
Founded 1986
Type Not for Profit Organisation
Focus Sport, Disability
Location
  • UK
Area served
Worldwide
Members
c. 10000
Key people

President — Marc Truffaut (France)

Executive Director — Nick Parr (UK)
Website inas.org
Formerly called
INAS-FID, INAS-FMH
Member of International Paralympic Committee

INAS (International Sports Federation for Persons with Intellectual Disability; originally called INAS-FMH and later INAS-FID) was established in 1986 by professionals in the Netherlands who were involved in sport and wanted to promote the participation of athletes with mental handicap in elite sport. In other hand, the International Federation for Intellectual Impairment Sport that Promoting sport worldwide for athletes with an Intellectual Disability, Autism and Down's Syndrome.[1]

History

The founding meeting of the first Executive Committee took place in January 1986 and the organisation became a member of the ICC – the International Coordinating Committee – the organisation that later became the International Paralympic Committee.

Inas’ original membership was just 14 nations which has steadily grown into nearly 60 nations today.

In 1989, the 1st World Games for Athletes with an Intellectual Disability were held in Harnosand, Sweden and in 1992, immediately after the Barcelona Paralympic Games, the first Paralympic Games for ‘Persons with mental handicap’ were held in Madrid.[2]

In 1994, INAS-FMH became INAS-FID – the ‘International Sports Federation for Persons with Intellectual Disability’ and in 1996, for the first time, a small programme of events for athletes with an intellectual disability were included in the Paralympic Games in Atlanta.

A larger programme including Athletics, Swimming and Basketball was included in the Sydney Paralympic Games in 2000, but it soon emerged that a small number of athletes had cheated the system of determining eligibility, resulting in the suspension of events — a suspension that was to remain in place until 2009.

Despite exclusion from the Paralympic Games, the Inas sport programme continued to grow considerably to incorporate more than 10 sports whilst its membership grew to cover all 5 continents.

Inas provides competition opportunities for elite athletes with an intellectual disability within the Paralympic programme, and is different from Special Olympics, which provides non-elite opportunities worldwide.

Eligibility and classification

Athletes with an intellectual disability are characterised by an IQ of 75 or below, significant limitations in Adaptive Behaviour and the disability must be present before the age of 18. This is based on the American Association for Intellectual and Developmental Disability definition of Intellectual Disability.

Approximately 1.5% of the population are thought to have an intellectual disability.

Current activities

Today’s sport programme includes some 15 annual events, more than 2500 athletes are registered to compete at an international level, whilst many thousands of people with an intellectual disability have the opportunity to enjoy sport through the work of member organisations.

Following a partnership between Inas and the International Paralympic Committee to overhaul the process of determining athlete eligibility, events for athletes with an intellectual disability were re-instated to the Paralympic programme by the IPC General Assembly in November 2009, in preparation for the London 2012 Paralympic Games.

In 2010, the organisation was re-branded as ‘INAS' - the International Federation for para-athletes with an intellectual disability.

Events

INAS World Championships

NumberEventFirst EditionLast Edition
Main Sports
1INAS World Athletics Championship (Outdoor, Indoor)1989, 200110th (2017), 9th (2016)
2INAS World Cross Country Championship20027th (2014)
3INAS World Half Marathon Championship20067th (2016)
4INAS World Swimming Championship19896th (2017)
5INAS World Cycling Championship19999th (2017)
6INAS World Rowing Championship (Outdoor, Indoor)2014, 20092nd (2015), 4th (2015)
Combat Sports
7INAS World Judo Championship20171st (2017)
Team Sports
8INAS World Basketball Championship199410th (2017)
9INAS World Cricket Championship20112nd (2015)
10INAS World Football Championship19947th (2018)
11INAS World Futsal Championships20122nd (2017)
12INAS World Handball Championshipno yetno yet
13INAS World Hockey Championship (Field Hockey)no yetno yet
Winter Sports
14INAS World Ski Championship (Alpine, Nordic)20099th (2017)
Other Sports
15INAS World Equestrian Championship20171st (2017)
16INAS World Table Tennis Championship19957th (2017)
17INAS World Tennis Championship20045th (2016)

Note : INAS haven't separate INAS World Taekwondo Championship but ID taekwondoka compete in WTF World Para Taekwondo Championships.

INAS Global Games

  • Main article : INAS Global Games [4]

In 2004 Inas launched a new multi-sport competition INAS Global Games. The first event took place in Bollnas, Sweden and featured more than 1000 athletes. The second Global Games took place in Czech Republic in 2009. With the re-inclusion of athletes with an intellectual disability into Paralympic competition, it was decided to move the Global games to the year preceding the Paralympics. The next Global Games therefore takes place in 2011. After a bidding procedure, Italy was chosen as host nation. 2015 Global Games will take place in Guayaquil, Ecuador, in September. The 2019 Inas Global Games will take place in Brisbane, Queensland Australia.[5]

No.YearDatesCity and host countryChampionSportsEventsCountries
1 2004 July Bollnas, Sweden  Poland 6 40
2 2009 7 - 11 June Liberec, Czech Republic  Australia 9 34
3 2011 26 September - 4 October Loano, Italy  Australia 9 30
4 2015 20 - 27 September Quito, Ecuador  Australia 8 35
5 2019 Brisbane, Australia

Results : http://www.inas.org/events/results

INAS European Games

  • Main article : INAS European Games
No.YearDatesCity and host countryChampionSportsEventsCountries
1 2018 14 - 22 July Paris, France 7 + 2 TBD

Results : http://www.inas.org/event/2018-inas-european-games?instance_id=76

References

  1. "High performance sport for athletes with an intellectual impairment". inas.org. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  2. DePauw, Karen P; Rich, Sarah (Winter 1993). "1992 Ad". Palaestra. Archived from the original on 2012-07-18. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  3. "Events and competitions for athletes with an intellectual impairment". inas.org. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  4. "International Federation for Intellectual Impairment Sport: Global Games". inas.org. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  5. "Inas Global Games 2019". www.inasglobalgames.org. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
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