Ibrahim Lodi

Ibrahim Lodi
Sultan of Delhi
A modern-day sketch depicting Sultan Ibrahim Lodi
Reign 1517 – 21 April 1526
Coronation 1517, Agra
Predecessor Sikandar Lodi
Successor Babur
Died 21 April 1526
Panipat, Mughal empire now Haryana, India
Burial Tehsil Office, Panipat
House Lodi dynasty
Father Sikandar Lodi

Ibrahim Lodi became the Sultan of Delhi in 1517 after the death of his father Sikandar Lodi. He was the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty, reigning for nine years between 1517 until being defeated and killed at the battle of Panipat by Babur's invading army in 1526, giving way to the emergence of the Mughal Empire in India.[1][2]


Ibrahim was an ethnic Pashtun. He attained the throne upon the death of his father, Sikandar, but was not blessed with the same ruling capability. He faced a number of rebellions. The Mewar ruler Rana Sangram Singh (Rana Sanga) extended his empire right up to western Uttar Pradesh and threatened to attack Agra. There was rebellion in the Eastern India as well. Ibrahim Lodi also displeased the nobility when he replaced old and senior commanders with younger ones who were loyal to him. His Afghan nobility eventually invited Babur to invade India.

In 1526, the Mughal forces of Babur, the king of Kabulistan (Kabul, present Afghanistan), defeated Ibrahim's much larger army in the Battle of Panipat. Ibrahim was killed during the battle. It is estimated that Babur's forces numbered around 25,000–30,000 men and had between 20 and 24 pieces of field artillery. Ibrahim Lodi had around 30,000–40,000 men along with at least 100 elephants.

After the end of Lodi dynasty, the era of Mughal rule commenced.[3]


His tomb is often mistaken to be the Shisha Gumbad within Lodi Gardens, Delhi. Rather Ibrahim Lodi's Tomb is actually situated near the tehsil office in Panipat, close to the Dargah of Sufi saint Bu Ali Shah Qalandar. It is a simple rectangular structure on a high platform approached by a flight of steps. In 1866, the British relocated the tomb during construction of the Grand Trunk Road and renovated it with an inscription highlighting Ibrahim Lodi’s death in the Battle of Panipat. He also built a Khwaja Khizr Tomb in Sonipat in 1522. [4][5][6]

See also


  1. "SULṬĀN ĪBRAHĪM BIN SULṬĀN SIKANDAR LODHĪ". The Muntakhabu-’rūkh by ‘Abdu-’l-Qādir Ibn-i-Mulūk Shāh, known as Al-Badāoni, translated from the original Persian and edited by George S. A. Ranking, Sir Wolseley Haig and W. H. Lowe. Packard Humanities Institute 1884–1925. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  2. Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 122–125. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  3. Davis, Paul K. (1999), 100 Decisive Battles: From Ancient Times to the Present, Oxford University Press, p181.
  4. Tomb of Ibrahim Lodi Archived 2008-05-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. Ibrahim Lodi's Tomb
  6. The tale of the missing Lodi tomb The Hindu, 4 July 2005.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sikandar Lodi
Sultan of Delhi
Succeeded by
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