Ibn al-Wafid

Ibn al-Wafid
ابن الوافد
Born December 997
Toledo, Spain, now Province of Toledo, Spain
Died 1074 (aged 77)
Occupation Pharmacologist, Physician, Vizir of Al-Mamun of Toledo
Notable works Kitāb al-adwiya al-mufrada
كتاب الأدوية المفردة

Ali Ibn al-Husain Ibn al-Wafid al-Lakhmi (Circa 997– 1074), known in Latin Europe as Abenguefit, was an Arab[1] pharmacologist and physician from Toledo. He was the vizier of Al-Mamun of Toledo. His main work is Kitāb al-adwiya al-mufrada (كتاب الأدوية المفردة, translated into Latin as De medicamentis simplicibus).[2]

Ibn al-Wafid was mainly a pharmacist in Toledo, and he used the techniques and methods available in alchemy to extract at least 520 different kinds of medicines from various plants and herbs.

His student Ali Ibn al-Lukuh was the author of ʿUmdat al-Ṭabīb fī Maʿrifat al-Nabāt li kulli Labīb, a famous botanical dictionary.


  1. Muñoz, Fernando (1996). Plantas medicinales y aromáticas: estudio, cultivo y procesado (in Spanish). Mundi-Prensa Libros. ISBN 9788471146243.
  2. Emilia Calvo, "Ibn Wafid", in: The Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non Western Cultures, ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1997, p. 438

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