ISO 3166-1

ISO 3166-1 is part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and defines codes for the names of countries, dependent territories, and special areas of geographical interest. The official name of the standard is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions Part 1: Country codes. It defines three sets of country codes:[1]

The alphabetic country codes were first included in ISO 3166 in 1974, and the numeric country codes were first included in 1981. The country codes have been published as ISO 3166-1 since 1997, when ISO 3166 was expanded into three parts, with ISO 3166-2 defining codes for subdivisions and ISO 3166-3 defining codes for former countries.[1]

As a widely used international standard, ISO 3166-1 is implemented in other standards and used by international organizations[1] to allow facilitation of the exchange of goods and information.[1] However, it is not the only standard for country codes. Other country codes used by many international organizations are partly or totally incompatible with ISO 3166-1,[1] although some of them closely correspond to ISO 3166-1 codes.

Criteria for inclusion

Currently 249 countries, territories, or areas of geographical interest are assigned official codes in ISO 3166-1. According to the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA), the only way to enter a new country name into ISO 3166-1 is to have it registered in one of the following two sources:[1]

  • United Nations Terminology Bulletin Country Names, or
  • Country and Region Codes for Statistical Use of the UN Statistics Division.

To be listed in the bulletin Country Names, a country must be at least one of the following:[2]

The list of names in Country and Region Codes for Statistical Use of the UN Statistics Division is based on the bulletin Country Names and other UN sources.

Once a country name or territory name appears in either of these two sources, it will be added to ISO 3166-1 by default.

The ISO 3166/MA may reserve code elements for other entities that do not qualify for inclusion based on the above criteria.[3] For example, because the European Union is not a country, it is not formally included in ISO 3166-1, but for practical reasons, the ISO 3166/MA has "reserved the two-letter combination EU for the purpose of identifying the European Union within the framework of ISO 3166-1".[4]

Information included

ISO 3166-1 is published officially in both English and French. Since the second edition of ISO 3166-1, the following columns are included for each entry:

  1. Country Name – English (or French) short name (all upper-case)
  2. English (or French) short name (upper/lower case)
  3. English (or French) full name
  4. Alpha-2 code
  5. Alpha-3 code
  6. Numeric code
  7. Remarks
  8. Independent (# denotes the country is considered a sovereign state)
  9. Additional information: Administrative language(s) alpha-2 code element(s)
  10. Additional information: Administrative language(s) alpha-3 code element(s)
  11. Additional information: Local short name(s)

Naming and code construction

Naming and disputes

The country names used in ISO 3166-1 are taken from the two UN sources mentioned above. Some country names used by the UN, and accordingly by ISO, are subject to dispute:

Short name upper case in ISO 3166Short name lower case in ISO 3166Listed as independent or not in ISO 3166Local short nameLanguage(s)Disputes
CHINAChinaYes[5]ZhongguoChineseSovereignty dispute: China is de facto divided into the People's Republic of China as the full name in ISO 3166 and the Republic of China (Taiwan) not widely recognized.


Sovereignty dispute: Cyprus is de facto divided into the Republic of Cyprus as the full name in ISO 3166 and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus not widely recognized.
FALKLAND ISLANDS (MALVINAS)Falkland Islands (the) [Malvinas]No[7]Falkland Islands (the) [Malvinas]EnglishSovereignty dispute: The United Kingdom administers the Falkland Islands[8] and Argentina claims this group of islands as Malvinas.
MACEDONIA, THE FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC OFMacedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of)Yes[9]Makedonija, poranešna jugoslovenska republikaMacedonianNaming dispute: ISO 3166 follows the provisional reference used by the United Nations for the Republic of Macedonia.
PALESTINE, STATE OFPalestine, State ofNo[10]Dawlat FilasţīnArabicSovereignty dispute: Following the recognition of Palestine as a non-member UN state in 2012, the official designation used in ISO 3166-1 was changed from "Palestinian Territory, Occupied" to "Palestine, State of".[11]
TAIWAN, PROVINCE OF CHINATaiwan (Province of China)No[12]TaiwanChineseSovereignty and naming dispute:[4] In 2007, the Republic of China filed a lawsuit before a Swiss civil court against the ISO, arguing that the ISO's use of the United Nations name rather than "Republic of China (Taiwan)" violates Taiwan's name rights.[13] On 9 September 2010, a panel of the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland decided, by three votes to two, to dismiss the suit as presenting a political question not subject to Swiss civil jurisdiction.[14][15][16]
WESTERN SAHARAWestern SaharaNo[17]Aş Şaḩrā' al GharbīyahArabicSovereignty dispute: Morocco de facto controls the territory, claimed by the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.


The codes are chosen, according to the ISO 3166/MA, "to reflect the significant, unique component of the country name in order to allow a visual association between country name and country code".[4] For this reason, common components of country names like "Republic", "Kingdom", "United", "Federal" or "Democratic" are normally not used for deriving the code elements. As a consequence, for example, the United Kingdom is officially assigned the alpha-2 code GB rather than UK, based on its official name "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" (although UK is reserved on the request of the United Kingdom). Some codes are chosen based on the native names of the countries. For example, Germany is assigned the alpha-2 code DE, based on its native name "Deutschland".

Current codes

Officially assigned code elements

The following is a complete ISO 3166-1 encoding list of the countries which are assigned official codes. It is listed in alphabetical order by the English short country name (upper/lower case) used by the ISO 3166/MA.[18]

Note: Each country's alpha-2 code is linked to more information about the assignment of its code elements.

English short name (upper/lower case) Alpha-2 code Alpha-3 code Numeric code Link to ISO 3166-2 subdivision codes Independent
Afghanistan AF AFG 004ISO 3166-2:AFYes
Åland Islands AX ALA 248ISO 3166-2:AXNo
Albania AL ALB 008ISO 3166-2:ALYes
Algeria DZ DZA 012ISO 3166-2:DZYes
American Samoa AS ASM 016ISO 3166-2:ASNo
Andorra AD AND 020ISO 3166-2:ADYes
Angola AO AGO 024ISO 3166-2:AOYes
Anguilla AI AIA 660ISO 3166-2:AINo
Antarctica AQ ATA 010ISO 3166-2:AQNo
Antigua and Barbuda AG ATG 028ISO 3166-2:AGYes
Argentina AR ARG 032ISO 3166-2:ARYes
Armenia AM ARM 051ISO 3166-2:AMYes
Aruba AW ABW 533ISO 3166-2:AWNo
Australia AU AUS 036ISO 3166-2:AUYes
Austria AT AUT 040ISO 3166-2:ATYes
Azerbaijan AZ AZE 031ISO 3166-2:AZYes
Bahamas BS BHS 044ISO 3166-2:BSYes
Bahrain BH BHR 048ISO 3166-2:BHYes
Bangladesh BD BGD 050ISO 3166-2:BDYes
Barbados BB BRB 052ISO 3166-2:BBYes
Belarus BY BLR 112ISO 3166-2:BYYes
Belgium BE BEL 056ISO 3166-2:BEYes
Belize BZ BLZ 084ISO 3166-2:BZYes
Benin BJ BEN 204ISO 3166-2:BJYes
Bermuda BM BMU 060ISO 3166-2:BMNo
Bhutan BT BTN 064ISO 3166-2:BTYes
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) BO BOL 068ISO 3166-2:BOYes
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba BQ BES 535ISO 3166-2:BQNo
Bosnia and Herzegovina BA BIH 070ISO 3166-2:BAYes
Botswana BW BWA 072ISO 3166-2:BWYes
Bouvet Island BV BVT 074ISO 3166-2:BVNo
Brazil BR BRA 076ISO 3166-2:BRYes
British Indian Ocean Territory IO IOT 086ISO 3166-2:IONo
Brunei Darussalam BN BRN 096ISO 3166-2:BNYes
Bulgaria BG BGR 100ISO 3166-2:BGYes
Burkina Faso BF BFA 854ISO 3166-2:BFYes
Burundi BI BDI 108ISO 3166-2:BIYes
Cabo Verde CV CPV 132ISO 3166-2:CVYes
Cambodia KH KHM 116ISO 3166-2:KHYes
Cameroon CM CMR 120ISO 3166-2:CMYes
Canada CA CAN 124ISO 3166-2:CAYes
Cayman Islands KY CYM 136ISO 3166-2:KYNo
Central African Republic CF CAF 140ISO 3166-2:CFYes
Chad TD TCD 148ISO 3166-2:TDYes
Chile CL CHL 152ISO 3166-2:CLYes
China CN CHN 156ISO 3166-2:CNYes
Christmas Island CX CXR 162ISO 3166-2:CXNo
Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC CCK 166ISO 3166-2:CCNo
Colombia CO COL 170ISO 3166-2:COYes
Comoros KM COM 174ISO 3166-2:KMYes
Congo CG COG 178ISO 3166-2:CGYes
Congo (Democratic Republic of the) CD COD 180ISO 3166-2:CDYes
Cook Islands CK COK 184ISO 3166-2:CKNo
Costa Rica CR CRI 188ISO 3166-2:CRYes
Côte d'Ivoire CI CIV 384ISO 3166-2:CIYes
Croatia HR HRV 191ISO 3166-2:HRYes
Cuba CU CUB 192ISO 3166-2:CUYes
Curaçao CW CUW 531ISO 3166-2:CWNo
Cyprus CY CYP 196ISO 3166-2:CYYes
Czechia CZ CZE 203ISO 3166-2:CZYes
Denmark DK DNK 208ISO 3166-2:DKYes
Djibouti DJ DJI 262ISO 3166-2:DJYes
Dominica DM DMA 212ISO 3166-2:DMYes
Dominican Republic DO DOM 214ISO 3166-2:DOYes
Ecuador EC ECU 218ISO 3166-2:ECYes
Egypt EG EGY 818ISO 3166-2:EGYes
El Salvador SV SLV 222ISO 3166-2:SVYes
Equatorial Guinea GQ GNQ 226ISO 3166-2:GQYes
Eritrea ER ERI 232ISO 3166-2:ERYes
Estonia EE EST 233ISO 3166-2:EEYes
Eswatini SZ SWZ 748ISO 3166-2:SZYes
Ethiopia ET ETH 231ISO 3166-2:ETYes
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) FK FLK 238ISO 3166-2:FKNo
Faroe Islands FO FRO 234ISO 3166-2:FONo
Fiji FJ FJI 242ISO 3166-2:FJYes
Finland FI FIN 246ISO 3166-2:FIYes
France FR FRA 250ISO 3166-2:FRYes
French Guiana GF GUF 254ISO 3166-2:GFNo
French Polynesia PF PYF 258ISO 3166-2:PFNo
French Southern Territories TF ATF 260ISO 3166-2:TFNo
Gabon GA GAB 266ISO 3166-2:GAYes
Gambia GM GMB 270ISO 3166-2:GMYes
Georgia GE GEO 268ISO 3166-2:GEYes
Germany DE DEU 276ISO 3166-2:DEYes
Ghana GH GHA 288ISO 3166-2:GHYes
Gibraltar GI GIB 292ISO 3166-2:GINo
Greece GR GRC 300ISO 3166-2:GRYes
Greenland GL GRL 304ISO 3166-2:GLNo
Grenada GD GRD 308ISO 3166-2:GDYes
Guadeloupe GP GLP 312ISO 3166-2:GPNo
Guam GU GUM 316ISO 3166-2:GUNo
Guatemala GT GTM 320ISO 3166-2:GTYes
Guernsey GG GGY 831ISO 3166-2:GGNo
Guinea GN GIN 324ISO 3166-2:GNYes
Guinea-Bissau GW GNB 624ISO 3166-2:GWYes
Guyana GY GUY 328ISO 3166-2:GYYes
Haiti HT HTI 332ISO 3166-2:HTYes
Heard Island and McDonald Islands HM HMD 334ISO 3166-2:HMNo
Holy See VA VAT 336ISO 3166-2:VAYes
Honduras HN HND 340ISO 3166-2:HNYes
Hong Kong HK HKG 344ISO 3166-2:HKNo
Hungary HU HUN 348ISO 3166-2:HUYes
Iceland IS ISL 352ISO 3166-2:ISYes
India IN IND 356ISO 3166-2:INYes
Indonesia ID IDN 360ISO 3166-2:IDYes
Iran (Islamic Republic of) IR IRN 364ISO 3166-2:IRYes
Iraq IQ IRQ 368ISO 3166-2:IQYes
Ireland IE IRL 372ISO 3166-2:IEYes
Isle of Man IM IMN 833ISO 3166-2:IMNo
Israel IL ISR 376ISO 3166-2:ILYes
Italy IT ITA 380ISO 3166-2:ITYes
Jamaica JM JAM 388ISO 3166-2:JMYes
Japan JP JPN 392ISO 3166-2:JPYes
Jersey JE JEY 832ISO 3166-2:JENo
Jordan JO JOR 400ISO 3166-2:JOYes
Kazakhstan KZ KAZ 398ISO 3166-2:KZYes
Kenya KE KEN 404ISO 3166-2:KEYes
Kiribati KI KIR 296ISO 3166-2:KIYes
Korea (Democratic People's Republic of) KP PRK 408ISO 3166-2:KPYes
Korea (Republic of) KR KOR 410ISO 3166-2:KRYes
Kuwait KW KWT 414ISO 3166-2:KWYes
Kyrgyzstan KG KGZ 417ISO 3166-2:KGYes
Lao People's Democratic Republic LA LAO 418ISO 3166-2:LAYes
Latvia LV LVA 428ISO 3166-2:LVYes
Lebanon LB LBN 422ISO 3166-2:LBYes
Lesotho LS LSO 426ISO 3166-2:LSYes
Liberia LR LBR 430ISO 3166-2:LRYes
Libya LY LBY 434ISO 3166-2:LYYes
Liechtenstein LI LIE 438ISO 3166-2:LIYes
Lithuania LT LTU 440ISO 3166-2:LTYes
Luxembourg LU LUX 442ISO 3166-2:LUYes
Macao MO MAC 446ISO 3166-2:MONo
Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of) MK MKD 807ISO 3166-2:MKYes
Madagascar MG MDG 450ISO 3166-2:MGYes
Malawi MW MWI 454ISO 3166-2:MWYes
Malaysia MY MYS 458ISO 3166-2:MYYes
Maldives MV MDV 462ISO 3166-2:MVYes
Mali ML MLI 466ISO 3166-2:MLYes
Malta MT MLT 470ISO 3166-2:MTYes
Marshall Islands MH MHL 584ISO 3166-2:MHYes
Martinique MQ MTQ 474ISO 3166-2:MQNo
Mauritania MR MRT 478ISO 3166-2:MRYes
Mauritius MU MUS 480ISO 3166-2:MUYes
Mayotte YT MYT 175ISO 3166-2:YTNo
Mexico MX MEX 484ISO 3166-2:MXYes
Micronesia (Federated States of) FM FSM 583ISO 3166-2:FMYes
Moldova (Republic of) MD MDA 498ISO 3166-2:MDYes
Monaco MC MCO 492ISO 3166-2:MCYes
Mongolia MN MNG 496ISO 3166-2:MNYes
Montenegro ME MNE 499ISO 3166-2:MEYes
Montserrat MS MSR 500ISO 3166-2:MSNo
Morocco MA MAR 504ISO 3166-2:MAYes
Mozambique MZ MOZ 508ISO 3166-2:MZYes
Myanmar MM MMR 104ISO 3166-2:MMYes
Namibia NA NAM 516ISO 3166-2:NAYes
Nauru NR NRU 520ISO 3166-2:NRYes
Nepal NP NPL 524ISO 3166-2:NPYes
Netherlands NL NLD 528ISO 3166-2:NLYes
New Caledonia NC NCL 540ISO 3166-2:NCNo
New Zealand NZ NZL 554ISO 3166-2:NZYes
Nicaragua NI NIC 558ISO 3166-2:NIYes
Niger NE NER 562ISO 3166-2:NEYes
Nigeria NG NGA 566ISO 3166-2:NGYes
Niue NU NIU 570ISO 3166-2:NUNo
Norfolk Island NF NFK 574ISO 3166-2:NFNo
Northern Mariana Islands MP MNP 580ISO 3166-2:MPNo
Norway NO NOR 578ISO 3166-2:NOYes
Oman OM OMN 512ISO 3166-2:OMYes
Pakistan PK PAK 586ISO 3166-2:PKYes
Palau PW PLW 585ISO 3166-2:PWYes
Palestine, State of PS PSE 275ISO 3166-2:PSNo
Panama PA PAN 591ISO 3166-2:PAYes
Papua New Guinea PG PNG 598ISO 3166-2:PGYes
Paraguay PY PRY 600ISO 3166-2:PYYes
Peru PE PER 604ISO 3166-2:PEYes
Philippines PH PHL 608ISO 3166-2:PHYes
Pitcairn PN PCN 612ISO 3166-2:PNNo
Poland PL POL 616ISO 3166-2:PLYes
Portugal PT PRT 620ISO 3166-2:PTYes
Puerto Rico PR PRI 630ISO 3166-2:PRNo
Qatar QA QAT 634ISO 3166-2:QAYes
Réunion RE REU 638ISO 3166-2:RENo
Romania RO ROU 642ISO 3166-2:ROYes
Russian Federation RU RUS 643ISO 3166-2:RUYes
Rwanda RW RWA 646ISO 3166-2:RWYes
Saint Barthélemy BL BLM 652ISO 3166-2:BLNo
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha SH SHN 654ISO 3166-2:SHNo
Saint Kitts and Nevis KN KNA 659ISO 3166-2:KNYes
Saint Lucia LC LCA 662ISO 3166-2:LCYes
Saint Martin (French part) MF MAF 663ISO 3166-2:MFNo
Saint Pierre and Miquelon PM SPM 666ISO 3166-2:PMNo
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VC VCT 670ISO 3166-2:VCYes
Samoa WS WSM 882ISO 3166-2:WSYes
San Marino SM SMR 674ISO 3166-2:SMYes
Sao Tome and Principe ST STP 678ISO 3166-2:STYes
Saudi Arabia SA SAU 682ISO 3166-2:SAYes
Senegal SN SEN 686ISO 3166-2:SNYes
Serbia RS SRB 688ISO 3166-2:RSYes
Seychelles SC SYC 690ISO 3166-2:SCYes
Sierra Leone SL SLE 694ISO 3166-2:SLYes
Singapore SG SGP 702ISO 3166-2:SGYes
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) SX SXM 534ISO 3166-2:SXNo
Slovakia SK SVK 703ISO 3166-2:SKYes
Slovenia SI SVN 705ISO 3166-2:SIYes
Solomon Islands SB SLB 090ISO 3166-2:SBYes
Somalia SO SOM 706ISO 3166-2:SOYes
South Africa ZA ZAF 710ISO 3166-2:ZAYes
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands GS SGS 239ISO 3166-2:GSNo
South Sudan SS SSD 728ISO 3166-2:SSYes
Spain ES ESP 724ISO 3166-2:ESYes
Sri Lanka LK LKA 144ISO 3166-2:LKYes
Sudan SD SDN 729ISO 3166-2:SDYes
Suriname SR SUR 740ISO 3166-2:SRYes
Svalbard and Jan Mayen SJ SJM 744ISO 3166-2:SJNo
Sweden SE SWE 752ISO 3166-2:SEYes
Switzerland CH CHE 756ISO 3166-2:CHYes
Syrian Arab Republic SY SYR 760ISO 3166-2:SYYes
Taiwan, Province of China[lower-alpha 1] TW TWN 158ISO 3166-2:TWNo
Tajikistan TJ TJK 762ISO 3166-2:TJYes
Tanzania, United Republic of TZ TZA 834ISO 3166-2:TZYes
Thailand TH THA 764ISO 3166-2:THYes
Timor-Leste TL TLS 626ISO 3166-2:TLYes
Togo TG TGO 768ISO 3166-2:TGYes
Tokelau TK TKL 772ISO 3166-2:TKNo
Tonga TO TON 776ISO 3166-2:TOYes
Trinidad and Tobago TT TTO 780ISO 3166-2:TTYes
Tunisia TN TUN 788ISO 3166-2:TNYes
Turkey TR TUR 792ISO 3166-2:TRYes
Turkmenistan TM TKM 795ISO 3166-2:TMYes
Turks and Caicos Islands TC TCA 796ISO 3166-2:TCNo
Tuvalu TV TUV 798ISO 3166-2:TVYes
Uganda UG UGA 800ISO 3166-2:UGYes
Ukraine UA UKR 804ISO 3166-2:UAYes
United Arab Emirates AE ARE 784ISO 3166-2:AEYes
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland GB GBR 826ISO 3166-2:GBYes
United States of America US USA 840ISO 3166-2:USYes
United States Minor Outlying Islands UM UMI 581ISO 3166-2:UMNo
Uruguay UY URY 858ISO 3166-2:UYYes
Uzbekistan UZ UZB 860ISO 3166-2:UZYes
Vanuatu VU VUT 548ISO 3166-2:VUYes
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) VE VEN 862ISO 3166-2:VEYes
Viet Nam VN VNM 704ISO 3166-2:VNYes
Virgin Islands (British) VG VGB 092ISO 3166-2:VGNo
Virgin Islands (U.S.) VI VIR 850ISO 3166-2:VINo
Wallis and Futuna WF WLF 876ISO 3166-2:WFNo
Western Sahara EH ESH 732ISO 3166-2:EHNo
Yemen YE YEM 887ISO 3166-2:YEYes
Zambia ZM ZMB 894ISO 3166-2:ZMYes
Zimbabwe ZW ZWE 716ISO 3166-2:ZWYes

Reserved and user-assigned code elements

Besides the officially assigned codes, code elements may be expanded by using either reserved codes or user-assigned codes.[1]

Reserved code elements are codes which have become obsolete, or are required in order to enable a particular user application of the standard but do not qualify for inclusion in ISO 3166-1. To avoid transitional application problems and to aid users who require specific additional code elements for the functioning of their coding systems, the ISO 3166/MA, when justified, reserves these codes which it undertakes not to use for other than specified purposes during a limited or indeterminate period of time. Codes are usually reserved for former countries, overseas territories, international organizations, and special nationality status. The reserved alpha-2 and alpha-3 codes can be divided into the following four categories (click on the links for the reserved codes of each category):

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories, or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use these codes in the updating process of the standard. The following codes can be user-assigned:[19]

  • Alpha-2: AA, QM to QZ, XA to XZ, and ZZ
  • Alpha-3: AAA to AAZ, QMA to QZZ, XAA to XZZ, and ZZA to ZZZ
  • Numeric: 900 to 999


The ISO 3166/MA updates ISO 3166-1 when necessary. A country is usually assigned new ISO 3166-1 codes if it changes its name or its territorial boundaries. In general, new alphabetic codes are assigned if a country changes a significant part of its name, while a new numeric code is assigned if a country changes its territorial boundaries. Codes for formerly used country names that were deleted from ISO 3166-1 are published in ISO 3166-3.

ISO used to announce changes in newsletters which updated the currently valid standard, and releasing new editions which comprise a consolidation of newsletter changes. As of July 2013, changes are published in the online catalogue of ISO only and no newsletters are published anymore. Past newsletters remain available through the search option on the ISO website.[20]

Edition/Newsletter Date issued Contents
ISO 3166:1974 1974 First edition of ISO 3166
ISO 3166:1981 1981 Second edition of ISO 3166
ISO 3166:1988 1988-08-15 Third edition of ISO 3166
ISO 3166:1994 1994-02-10 Fourth edition of ISO 3166
ISO 3166-1:1997 1997-09-25 First edition of ISO 3166-1 (ISO 3166 expanded into three parts)
Newsletter V-1 1998-02-05 Change of official name (Samoa)
Newsletter V-2 1999-10-01 Inclusion of new country name and code elements (Palestinian Territory, Occupied)
Newsletter V-3 2002-02-01 Change of alpha-3 Code Element (Romania)
Newsletter V-4 2002-05-20 Name changes (Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Fiji, Hong Kong, Kazakhstan, Kiribati, Macao, Niue, Somalia, Venezuela)
Newsletter V-5 2002-05-20 Change of names and alphabetical code elements of East Timor
Newsletter V-6 2002-11-15 Change of names of East Timor
Newsletter V-7 2003-01-14 Change of official name of Comoros
Newsletter V-8 2003-07-23 Deletion of "Yugoslavia"; inclusion of "Serbia and Montenegro" with new alphabetical code elements
Newsletter V-9 2004-02-13 Inclusion of an entry for Åland Islands
Newsletter V-10 2004-04-26 Name changes (Afghanistan, Åland Islands)
Newsletter V-11 2006-03-29 Inclusion of an entry for Jersey, Guernsey and Isle of Man. Change of remark for the United Kingdom
Newsletter V-12 2006-09-26 Inclusion of the new entries for "Serbia" and "Montenegro" (replacing Serbia and Montenegro)
ISO 3166-1:2006 2006-11-20 Second edition of ISO 3166-1
ISO 3166-1:2006/
Cor 1:2007
2007-07-15 First Technical Corrigendum to ISO 3166-1:2006
Newsletter VI-1 2007-09-21 Assignment of code elements for Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin and update of France and other French Territories (French Polynesia, French Southern Territories, Guadeloupe, Réunion)
Newsletter VI-2 2008-03-31 Name changes for Moldova, Montenegro and other minor corrections (Madagascar, Palestinian Territory, Occupied, Saint Barthélemy)
Newsletter VI-3 2008-09-09 Name change for Nepal and other minor corrections (Greenland, Guernsey, Moldova, Nigeria)
Newsletter VI-4 2009-01-07 Name change for the Republic of Moldova and other minor corrections (Central African Republic, Comoros)
Newsletter VI-5 2009-03-03 Name change for Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and other minor corrections (Kiribati, Tuvalu)
Newsletter VI-6 2009-05-08 Name change for Plurinational State of Bolivia
Newsletter VI-7 2010-02-22 Name change for Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Newsletter VI-8 2010-12-15 Code elements for Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten (Dutch part), update of other territories (Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles) and minor corrections (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia)
Newsletter VI-9 2011-06-12
Name changes for Fiji and Myanmar as well as other minor corrections (Åland Islands, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Bulgaria, Netherlands, Niue)
Newsletter VI-10 2011-08-09 Code elements for South Sudan (and new numeric code for Sudan)
Newsletter VI-11 2011-11-08 Name change for Libya
Newsletter VI-12 2012-02-15 Name change for Hungary and other minor corrections (Bangladesh, Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Germany)
Newsletter VI-13 2012-08-02 Name change for Eritrea and other minor corrections (Germany, Sri Lanka)
Newsletter VI-14 2013-02-06 Name change for State of Palestine and other minor corrections (Bulgaria, Bouvet Island, Jersey, Saint Martin (French part), Seychelles, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Viet Nam)
Newsletter VI-15 2013-05-10 Name change for Papua New Guinea
Newsletter VI-16 2013-07-11 Name change for Somalia
ISO 3166-1:2013 2013-11-19 Third edition of ISO 3166-1 (changes are published in the online catalogue of ISO only and no newsletters are published anymore)

See also

  • ISO 639Codes for the representation of names of languages


  1. Taiwan is included as a subdivision of China because of its political status within the United Nations, as, even though it is de facto under the jurisdiction of the Republic of China instead of the People's Republic of China, the United Nations does not recognize the Republic of China and considers Taiwan as part of China. In ISO 3166-1, Taiwan is listed as "Taiwan, Province of China".


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Country Codes - ISO 3166". International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
  2. "Qualifying top-level domain strings: Eligible categories of top-level domains". Internet Assigned Numbers Authority. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
  3. "ISO 3166 FAQs General Questions". ISO. Archived from the original on 2007-03-06.
  4. 1 2 3 "ISO 3166 FAQs Specific". ISO. Archived from the original on 2012-06-16.
  5. "ISO 3166 information for CN". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22.
  6. "ISO 3166 information for CY". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22.
  7. "ISO 3166 information for FK". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22.
  8. "Falkland Islands Government". Archived from the original on 2016-12-11. Retrieved 2016-12-22.
  9. "ISO 3166 information for MK". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22.
  10. "ISO 3166 information for PS". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22. Remark: Conventional names.
  11. "Countries or areas, codes and abbreviations". United Nations Statistics Division.
  12. "ISO 3166 information for TW". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-22.
  13. "Taiwan sues ISO over incorrect reference". Taipei Representative Office in the UK. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18.
  14. Felber, René (10 September 2010). "Umweg über Zivilrichter unzulässig: Taiwans Kampf um seinen Namen". Neue Zürcher Zeitung (in German). p. 14.
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  16. "Arrêt du 9 septembre 2010 (5A_329/2009)" [Decision of 9 September 2010 (5A_329/2009)] (PDF) (in French). Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 December 2010.
  17. "ISO 3166 information for EH". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2016-12-25. Remark: Provisional name.
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