IAAF World Championships in Athletics

IAAF World Championships in Athletics
IAAF logo
Status active
Genre Athletics World championship
Date(s) varying
Frequency biannual
Country varying
Inaugurated 1983 (1983)
Most recent 2017
Next event 2019
Organised by IAAF
Website www.iaaf.org

The IAAF World Championships, commonly referred to as the World Championships in Athletics, is a biennial athletics event organized by the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). The World Championships was started in 1976 in response to the International Olympic Committee dropping the men's 50 km walk from the Olympic athletics programme for the 1976 Montreal Olympics, despite its constant presence at the games since 1932. The IAAF chose to host its own world championship event instead, a month and a half after the Olympics.[1][2] It was the first World Championships that the IAAF had hosted separate from the Olympic Games (traditionally the main championship for the sport). A second limited event was held in 1980, and a major expansion in 1983 is considered the official start of the event. It was then held every four years until 1991, when it switched to a two year cycle.

History

The idea of having an Athletics World Championships was around well before the competition's first event in 1983. In 1913, the IAAF decided that the Olympic Games would serve as the World Championships for athletics. This was considered suitable for over 50 years until in the late 1960s the desire of many IAAF members to have their own World Championships began to grow. In 1976 at the IAAF Council Meeting in Puerto Rico an Athletics World Championships separate from the Olympic Games was approved.

Following bids from both Stuttgart, West Germany and Helsinki, Finland, the IAAF Council awarded the inaugural competition to Helsinki, to take place in 1983 and be held in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium (where the 1952 Summer Olympics had been held).

Two IAAF world championship events preceded the inaugural edition of the World Championships in Athletics in 1983. The 1976 World Championships had just one event – the men's 50 kilometres walk which was dropped from the Olympic programme for the 1976 Summer Olympics and the IAAF responded by setting up their own contest. Four years later, the 1980 World Championships contained only two newly approved women's events, (400 metres hurdles and 3000 metres), neither of which featured on the programme for the 1980 Summer Olympics.[3][4]

Over the years the competition has grown in size. In 1983 an estimated 1,300 athletes from 154 countries participated.[5] By the 2003 competition, in Paris, it had grown to 1,907 athletes from 203 countries with coverage being transmitted to 179 different countries.

There has also been a change in composition over the years, with several new events, all for women, being added. By 2005, the only differences were men's competition in the 50 km walk, and equivalent events in women's 100 m hurdles and heptathlon to men's 110 m hurdles and decathlon.

The following list shows when new events were added for the first time.

Championships

Edition Year City Country Date Venue Capacity Events Nations Athletes Top of the
medal table
- 1976 Malmö Sweden 18 Sep Malmö Stadion 30,000 1 20 42  Soviet Union
- 1980 Sittard Netherlands 14 Aug – 16 Aug De Baandert 22,000 2 21 42  East Germany
1st 1983 Helsinki Finland 7 Aug – 14 Aug Olympiastadion 50,000 41 153 1,333  East Germany
2nd 1987 Rome Italy 28 Aug – 6 Sep Stadio Olimpico 60,000 43 156 1,419  East Germany
3rd 1991 Tokyo Japan 23 Aug – 1 Sep Olympic Stadium 48,000 43 162 1,491  United States
4th 1993 Stuttgart Germany 13 Aug – 22 Aug Gottlieb-Daimler-Stadion 70,000 44 187 1,630  United States
5th 1995 Gothenburg Sweden 5 Aug – 13 Aug Ullevi 42,000 44 190 1,755  United States
6th 1997 Athens Greece 1 Aug – 10 Aug Olympiako Stadio 75,000 44 197 1,785  United States
7th 1999 Seville Spain 20 Aug – 29 Aug Estadio Olímpico 70,000 46 200 1,750  United States
8th 2001 Edmonton Canada 3 Aug – 12 Aug Commonwealth Stadium 60,000 46 189 1,677  Russia
9th 2003 Saint-Denis France 23 Aug – 31 Aug Stade de France 78,000 46 198 1,679  United States
10th 2005 Helsinki Finland 6 Aug – 14 Aug Olympiastadion 45,000 47 191 1,688  United States
11th 2007 Osaka Japan 24 Aug – 2 Sep Nagai Stadium 45,000 47 197 1,800  United States
12th 2009 Berlin Germany 15 Aug – 23 Aug Olympiastadion 74,000 47 200 1,895  United States
13th 2011 Daegu South Korea 27 Aug – 4 Sep Daegu Stadium 65,000 47 199 1,742  United States
14th 2013 Moscow Russia 10 Aug – 18 Aug Luzhniki Stadium 78,000 47 203 1,784  United States
15th 2015 Beijing China 22 Aug – 30 Aug Beijing National Stadium 80,000 47 205 1,771  Kenya
16th 2017 London United Kingdom 4 Aug – 13 Aug London Stadium 60,000 48 205 2,036  United States
17th 2019 Doha Qatar 28 Sep – 6 Oct Khalifa International Stadium 48,000 49
18th 2021 Eugene United States 6 Aug – 15 Aug Hayward Field 30,000 49

All-time medal table

Updated after 2017 Championships

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States (USA)15510691352
2 Kenya (KEN)554837140
3 Russia (RUS)475450151
4 Germany (GER)363543114
5 Jamaica (JAM)324439115
6 Great Britain & N.I. (GBR)28333899
7 Ethiopia (ETH)27252577
8 Soviet Union (URS)23272878
9 Cuba (CUB)21231357
10 East Germany (GDR)21191656
11 Poland (POL)17142253
12 China (CHN)15211753
13 Czech Republic (CZE)146525
14 France (FRA)13172252
15 South Africa (RSA)126927
16 Italy (ITA)11151743
17 Australia (AUS)11141035
18 Ukraine (UKR)11111537
19 Belarus (BLR)10131235
20 Morocco (MAR)1012729
21 Sweden (SWE)85518
22 Norway (NOR)84416
23 Spain (ESP)7161538
24 Bahamas (BAH)78823
25 Finland (FIN)78722
26 Canada (CAN)6131231
27 Portugal (POR)66719
28 Bahrain (BHR)62210
29 New Zealand (NZL)6107
30 Algeria (ALG)6039
31 Romania (ROM)581023
32 Greece (GRE)561021
33 Bulgaria (BUL)53816
34 Japan (JPN)471526
35 Czechoslovakia (TCH)44311
36 Croatia (CRO)4318
37 Ireland (IRL)4206
38 Colombia (COL)4116
39 Switzerland (SUI)4037
40 West Germany (FRG)36312
41 Netherlands (NED)35917
42 Trinidad and Tobago (TTO)35715
43 Mexico (MEX)34714
44 Qatar (QAT)3227
45 Lithuania (LTU)3216
46 Mozambique (MOZ)3115
47 Ecuador (ECU)3104
48 Denmark (DEN)3014
49 Estonia (EST)2428
50 Uganda (UGA)2226
51 Dominican Republic (DOM)2114
52 Tajikistan (TJK)2103
53 Brazil (BRA)16613
 Authorised Neutral Athletes (ANA)[1]1506
54 Namibia (NAM)1405
55 Turkey (TUR)1214
56 Zambia (ZAM)1203
57 Belgium (BEL)1146
58 Slovenia (SLO)1135
59 Tunisia (TUN)1113
60 Botswana (BOT)1102
 Eritrea (ERI)1102
 Panama (PAN)1102
63 Saint Kitts and Nevis (SKN)1045
64 Slovakia (SVK)1034
65 Syria (SYR)1023
66 Grenada (GRN)1012
 Senegal (SEN)1012
 Somalia (SOM)1012
 Venezuela (VEN)1012
70 Barbados (BAR)1001
 North Korea (PRK)1001
72 Hungary (HUN)07613
73 Nigeria (NGR)0448
74 Ivory Coast (CIV)0404
75 Kazakhstan (KAZ)0358
76 Burundi (BDI)0213
 Djibouti (DJI)0213
 Israel (ISR)0213
79 Cameroon (CMR)0202
 Puerto Rico (PUR)0202
81 Austria (AUT)0112
 Cyprus (CYP)0112
 Ghana (GHA)0112
 Latvia (LAT)0112
 Sri Lanka (SRI)0112
 Suriname (SUR)0112
 Tanzania (TAN)0112
88 Bermuda (BER)0101
 Egypt (EGY)0101
 Sudan (SUD)0101
91 Serbia (SRB)0033
92 American Samoa (ASA)0011
 Bosnia and Herzegovina (BIH)0011
 Cayman Islands (CAY)0011
 Dominica (DMA)0011
 Haiti (HAI)0011
 India (IND)0011
 Iran (IRI)0011
 Saudi Arabia (KSA)0011
 South Korea (KOR)0011
 Zimbabwe (ZIM)0011
Total7307377322199
Notes

^[1]  ANA was the name, under which Russian athletes competed in the 2017 Championships. Their medals were not included in the official medal table.[6]

All-time placing table

In the IAAF placing table the total score is obtained from assigning eight points to the first place and so on to one point for the eight placed finalists. Points are shared in situations where a tie occurs. However, the IAAF site shows all points rounded to the nearest integer.

Updated after 2015 Championships (30 June 2017)[7]

RankCountry45678MedalsPoints
1 United States14594+1=80+2=62+5=72+3=62+2=62+1=58+4=3223320
2 Germany595660+2=69+2=60+1=59+1=49+5=40+1=1772156.5
3 Russia4851+5=50+3=50+2=45+3=45+1=38+1=411571795.5
4 Kenya50463337332138161291392
5 Jamaica314435+1=25242124201111123.5
6 Great Britain25313632+2=43+1=2426+1=18921120.5
7 Soviet Union2325+2=2821+1=17121117+1=78793
8 Ethiopia252225181513161372738
9 France101719+1=2125+1=2623+1=29+1=47679.6
10 Cuba2122+1=12277+2=15201756672.5
11 China1317+1=15192516+1=171546614
12 Poland1511+1=14+3=21+1=1618+1=21+1=18+2=44595.3
13 Italy1114+1=151217+2=2228+3=25+1=41568
14 Spain71614+1151822111638508.5
15 Ukraine118+2=13191714+1=19+1=734487.6

Multiple medalists

Multiple winners

Boldface denotes active athletes and highest medal count among all athletes (including these who not included in these tables) per type.

Men

All events

Rank Athlete Country Events From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1Usain Bolt Jamaica100 m / 200 m / 4 × 100 m relay20072017112114
2LaShawn Merritt United States400 m / 4 × 400 m relay20052015 8 *3- 11 *
3Carl Lewis United States100 m / 200 m / 4 × 100 m relay / Long jump1983199381110
4Michael Johnson United States200 m / 400 m / 4 × 400 m relay199119998--8
5Mo Farah Great Britain5000 m / 10,000 m2011201762-8
6Sergey Bubka Soviet Union
 Ukraine
Pole vault198319976--6
7Jeremy Wariner United States400 m / 4 × 400 m relay2005200951-6
8Kenenisa Bekele Ethiopia5000 m / 10,000 m200320095-16
Lars Riedel GermanyDiscus throw199120015-16
10Maurice Greene United States100 m / 200 m / 4 × 100 m relay199720015--5

* including one medal in the relay event in which he participated in the heats only

Individual events

Rank Athlete Country Events From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1Usain Bolt Jamaica100 m / 200 m200720177119
2Mo Farah Great Britain5000 m / 10,000 m2011201762-8
3Sergey Bubka Soviet Union
 Ukraine
Pole vault198319976--6
Michael Johnson United States200 m / 400 m199119996--6
5Carl Lewis United States100 m / 200 m / Long jump198319935117
6Kenenisa Bekele Ethiopia5000 m / 10,000 m200320095-16
Lars Riedel GermanyDiscus throw199120015-16
8Ezekiel Kemboi Kenya3000 m steeplechase2003201543-7
9Haile Gebrselassie Ethiopia5000 m / 10,000 m199320034217
10Hicham El Guerrouj Morocco1500 m / 5000 m1995200342-6

Women

All events

Rank Athlete Country Events From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1Allyson Felix United States200 m / 400 m / 4 × 100 m relay / 4 × 400 m relay20052017113216
2Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Jamaica100 m / 200 m / 4 × 100 m relay200720157 2 *- 9 *
3Gail Devers United States100 m / 100 m hurdles / 4 × 100 m relay1991200153-8
4Sanya Richards-Ross United States400 m / 4 × 400 m relay2003201552-7
5Tirunesh Dibaba Ethiopia5000 m / 10,000 m2003201751-6
Natasha Hastings United States4 × 400 m relay20072017 5 ****1- 6 ****
7Jearl Miles Clark United States400 m / 4 × 400 m relay199320034329
8Valerie Adams (Vili) New ZealandShot put2005201341-5
Vivian Cheruiyot Kenya5000 m / 10,000 m2007201541-5
10Jackie Joyner-Kersee United StatesHeptathlon / Long jump198719934--4
Brittney Reese United StatesLong jump200920174--4

* including one medal in the relay event in which she participated in the heats only
**** including four medals in the relay events in which she participated in the heats only

Individual events

Rank Athlete Country Events From To Gold Silver Bronze Total
1Tirunesh Dibaba Ethiopia5000 m / 10,000 m2003201751-6
2Gail Devers United States100 m / 100 m hurdles1991200142-6
3Allyson Felix United States200 m / 400 m200520174127
4Valerie Adams (Vili) New ZealandShot put2005201341-5
Vivian Cheruiyot Kenya5000 m / 10,000 m2007201541-5
6Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Jamaica100 m / 200 m200920154--4
Jackie Joyner-Kersee United StatesHeptathlon / Long jump198719934--4
Brittney Reese United StatesLong jump200920174--4
9Tatyana Lebedeva RussiaTriple jump / Long jump2001200932-5
10Maria Mutola Mozambique800 m199320033115

Athletes with most appearances

There are 53 athletes that have competed in at least eight editions.[8]

App.NameCountryYears contestedEvents
12Jesús Ángel García Bragado Spain93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 1550 km walk
11Susana Feitor Portugal91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 1110 km walk / 20 km walk
10Franka Dietzsch Germany91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09Discus throw
Nicoleta Grasu Romania93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13Discus throw
Virgilijus Alekna Lithuania95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13Discus throw
Kim Collins Saint Kitts and Nevis95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 15100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
João Vieira Portugal99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 1720 km walk / 50 km walk
9Laverne Eve Bahamas87, 91, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07Javelin throw
Tim Berrett Canada91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 0720 km walk / 50 km walk
Jackie Edwards Bahamas91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07Long Jump / Triple Jump
Maria Mutola Mozambique91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07800 m
Elisângela Adriano Brazil91, 93, 97, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11Shot put / Discus throw
Venelina Veneva Bulgaria91, 95, 99, 01, 03, 05, 09, 11, 15High Jump
Danny McFarlane Jamaica93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09400 m / 400 m hurdles / 4x400 m
Hatem Ghoula Tunisia93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 1320 km walk
Debbie Ferguson-McKenzie Bahamas95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 07, 09, 11, 13100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Nicola Vizzoni Italy97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13Hammer throw
Chris Brown Bahamas99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15400 m / 4x400 m
Zhang Wenxiu China01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17Hammer throw
8Merlene Ottey Jamaica /  Slovenia83, 87, 91, 93, 95, 97, 03, 07100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Jan Železný Czechoslovakia /  Czech Republic87, 91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03Javelin throw
Yelena Nikolayeva Soviet Union /  Russia87, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 0510 km walk / 20 km walk
Fiona May Great Britain /  Italy91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05Long Jump
Beverly McDonald Jamaica91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Lars Riedel Germany91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05Discus throw
Dragutin Topić SFR Yugoslavia / IWP * /  FR Yugoslavia /
 Serbia and Montenegro /  Serbia
91, 93, 95, 97, 99, 05, 07, 09High Jump
Iryna Yatchenko Soviet Union /  Belarus91, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 07, 09Discus throw
Eunice Barber Sierra Leone /  France93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07Heptathlon / Long Jump / 100 m hurdles
Kevin Sullivan Canada93, 95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 071500 m
Manuel Martínez Spain93, 95, 97, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09Shot put
Steffi Nerius Germany93, 95, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09Javelin throw
Amy Acuff United States95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09High Jump
Chandra Sturrup Bahamas95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Aleksander Tammert Estonia95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09Discus throw
María Vasco Spain95, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 1110 km walk / 20 km walk
Koji Murofushi Japan95, 97, 99, 01, 03, 07, 11, 13Hammer throw
Szymon Ziółkowski Poland95, 99, 01, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13Hammer throw
Marlon Devonish Great Britain97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11100 m / 200 m / 4x100 m
Nadine Kleinert Germany97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11Shot put
Sergey Makarov Russia97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11Javelin throw
Ēriks Rags Latvia97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11Javelin throw
Roman Šebrle Czech Republic97, 99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11Decathlon
Omar Zepeda Mexico97, 01, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 1720 km walk / 50 km walk
Mario Pestano Spain99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13Discus throw
Félix Sánchez Dominican Republic99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13400 m hurdles / 4x400 m
Bouabdellah Tahri France99, 01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 131500 m / 3000 m steeplechase
Inês Henriques Portugal01, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 1720 km walk / 50 km walk
Zoltán Kővágó Hungary01, 03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 15, 17Discus throw
Ruth Beitia Spain03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17High Jump
Allyson Felix United States03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17200 m / 400 m / 4x100 m / 4x400 m
Gerd Kanter Estonia03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17Discus throw
Ezekiel Kemboi Kenya03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 173000 m steeplechase
Bat-Ochiryn Ser-Od Mongolia03, 05, 07, 09, 11, 13, 15, 17Marathon

* At the 1993 World Championships in Athletics in Stuttgart, Germany, Dragutin Topić completed as Individual World Championship Participant (IWP) as Athletic Federation of Yugoslavia was suspended by IAAF due to United Nations sanctions stemming from the Yugoslav wars.

World records

A total of 29 world records have been set or equalled at the competition, 17 by men and 12 by women.

The first world record to be set at the World Championships was by Jarmila Kratochvílová of Czechoslovakia, who ran 47.99 seconds to win the women's 400 m final.

A peak of five world records came at the 1993 World Championships in Athletics. The most recent world record was in the women's 50 kilometres race walk, which Portugal's Inês Henriques finished in 4:05:56 in 2017. World records have become less common as the history of the event has expanded, with no world records set in the 1997, 2001, 2007 and 2013 editions.

American athletes have been the most successful with ten world records set by that nation in total, followed by Jamaica and Great Britain on four each. Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt has broken the most world records at the competition, at four, one more than American Carl Lewis. Jonathan Edwards holds the distinction of breaking the world record twice in one championships – improving upon his own newly-set world record in the 1995 men's triple jump final. The men's 4 × 100 metres relay has yielded the most world records, with five set between 1983 and 2011.

Ben Johnson's time of 9.83 seconds at the 1987 World Championships men's 100 m final was initially considered a world record, but this was later rescinded after Johnson admitted to steroid use between 1981 and 1988.

Also, a doping disqualification has led to a performance being retrospectively recognised as a world record: the 2009 Jamaican men's 4 × 100 metres relay team time of 37.31 seconds was taken as the world record after the team's time of 37.10 at the 2008 Beijing Olympics was rescinded due to the disqualification of Nesta Carter (not present in the World Championships team).

Sex Event Record Athlete Nation Date Year
Men4 × 100 metres relay37.86Emmit King
Willie Gault
Calvin Smith
Carl Lewis
 United States (USA)10 August1983
Women400 metres47.99Jarmila Kratochvílová Czechoslovakia (TCH)10 August1983
WomenHigh jump2.09 mStefka Kostadinova Bulgaria (BUL)30 August1987
Men100 metres9.86Carl Lewis United States (USA)25 August1991
MenLong jump8.95 mMike Powell United States (USA)30 August1991
Men4 × 100 metres relay37.50Andre Cason
Leroy Burrell
Dennis Mitchell
Carl Lewis
 United States (USA)1 September1991
Men110 metres hurdles12.91Colin Jackson Great Britain & N.I. (GBR)20 August1993
Men4 × 100 metres relay37.40Jon Drummond
Andre Cason
Dennis Mitchell
Leroy Burrell
 United States (USA)21 August1993
Men4 × 400 metres relay2:54.29Andrew Valmon
Quincy Watts
Butch Reynolds
Michael Johnson
 United States (USA)22 August1993
Women400 metres hurdles52.74Sally Gunnell Great Britain & N.I. (GBR)19 August1993
WomenTriple jump15.09 mAnna Biryukova Russia (RUS)21 August1993
MenTriple jump18.16 mJonathan Edwards Great Britain & N.I. (GBR)7 August1995
MenTriple jump18.29 mJonathan Edwards Great Britain & N.I. (GBR)7 August1995
Women400 metres hurdles52.61Kim Batten United States (USA)11 August1995
WomenTriple jump15.50 mInessa Kravets Ukraine (UKR)10 August1995
Men400 metres43.18Michael Johnson United States (USA)26 August1999
WomenPole vault4.60 mStacy Dragila United States (USA)21 August1999
Men20 kilometres race walk1:17:21Jefferson Pérez Ecuador (ECU)23 August2003
Men50 kilometres race walk3:36:03Robert Korzeniowski Poland (POL)27 August2003
WomenPole vault5.01 mYelena Isinbaeva Russia (RUS)12 August2005
WomenJavelin throw71.70 mOsleidys Menéndez Cuba (CUB)14 August2005
Women20 kilometres walk1:25:41Olimpiada Ivanova Russia (RUS)7 August2005
Men100 metres9.58Usain Bolt Jamaica (JAM)16 August2009
Men200 metres19.19Usain Bolt Jamaica (JAM)20 August2009
Men4 × 100 metres relay37.31Steve Mullings
Michael Frater
Usain Bolt
Asafa Powell
 Jamaica (JAM)22 August2009
WomenHammer throw77.96 mAnita Włodarczyk Poland (POL)22 August2009
Men4 × 100 metres relay37.04Nesta Carter
Michael Frater
Yohan Blake
Usain Bolt
 Jamaica (JAM)4 September2011
MenDecathlon9045 ptsAshton Eaton United States (USA)29 August2015
Women50 kilometres race walk4:05:56Inês Henriques Portugal (POR)13 August2017

TV

SBS Two (Australia)
CBC (Canada)
Eurovision (Europe except United Kingdom)
KBS (South Korea)
CCTV (China)
TBS (Japan)
BBC (United Kingdom)
NBCUniversal (United States)
Sportv (Brazil)
TyC Sports (Latin America except Brazil)

See also

Notes and references

  1. Matthews, Peter (2012). Historical Dictionary of Track and Field (pg. 217). Scarecrow Press (eBook). Retrieved on 2013-09-08.
  2. IAAF Statistics Book Moscow 2013 (pg. 179). IAAF/AFTS (2013). Edited by Mark Butler. Retrieved on 2013-09-09.
  3. IAAF World Championships in Athletics. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2013-09-08.
  4. Archive of Past Events. IAAF. Retrieved on 2013-09-08.
  5. "First World Outdoor Championships in Helsinki a landmark for track & field." Usatf.org. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
  6. "IAAF: IAAF World Championships London 2017 Medal Table - iaaf.org". iaaf.org.
  7. "IAAF Statistics Book – IAAF World Championships London 2017" (PDF). iaaf.org. p. 51. Retrieved 15 August 2017.
  8. 1 2 3 Statistics book, Moscow 2013
  9. "IAAF: Usain BOLT - Profile". iaaf.org.
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