Hungarian Braille

Hungarian Braille
Type
alphabet
Languages Hungarian
Parent systems
Braille
  • Hungarian Braille
Print basis
Hungarian alphabet

The braille alphabet used to write Hungarian is based on the international norm for the 26 basic letters of the Latin script. However, the letters for q and z have been replaced, to increase the symmetry of the accented letters of the Hungarian alphabet, which are largely innovative to Hungarian braille.[1][2]

Alphabet

The Hungarian alphabet is:

A Á B C Cs D Dz Dzs E É F G Gy H I Í J K L Ly M N Ny O Ó Ö Ő P (Q) R S Sz T Ty U Ú Ü Ű V (W) (X) (Y) Z Zs

The letters that conform to traditional braille are:


a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

i

j

k

l

m

n

o

p

r

s

t

u

v

w

x

y

The accented vowel letters are derived from their base letters through stretching or reflection as follows. The traditional letter for q (which is not part of the basic Hungarian alphabet) has been reassigned to ö, and an unused pattern has been assigned to ü:


a

e

i

o

ö

u

ü

q

ä

á

é

í

ó

ő

ú

ű

This creates the following symmetrical pattern for the umlauted vowels:


ö

ő

ü

ű

(Ä is not part of the basic Hungarian alphabet.)

The consonant digraphs are derived from their base letters as follows. The traditional letter for z has been replaced, and is used for a parenthesis. As with the accented vowels, the majority of digraphs are created through reflection:


c

g

l

n

t

s

z

cs

gy

ly

ny

ty

sz

zs

ccs

ggy

lly

nny

tty

ssz

zzs

This creates the following pattern among the sibilants:


s

sz

z

zs

Punctuation

Unlike English or French Braille, Hungarian Braille has separate opening and closing symbols for both parentheses and quotation marks.


,

.

;

 :

-

'

?

!

   

(     )

/

Mathematics and computer notation


number sign (#)

Dollar sign ($)

percent sign (%)

ampersant (&)

plus sign (+)

asterisk / multiplication sign (*)

division sign (/)

equality sign (=)

at sign (@)

backslash (\)

caret (^)

underscore (_)

`

tilde / similarity sign (~)

paragraph sign (§)

euro (€)

bullet sign (•)

degree (°)

Roman Numerals

the roman numerals use the capital letters of i, v, x, l, c, m


I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

VIII

IX

X

XI

XX

XXI

XXX

XXXI

XL

XLI

L

LI

LX

LXI

C

CI

M

MI

Formatting


(num.)

(caps)

References

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