|CPPCC Committee chairman of Shanxi|
March 1994 – February 1995
|Preceded by||Wang Maolin|
|Succeeded by||Guo Yuhuai|
|Communist Party Chief of Shanxi|
September 1993 – June 1999
|Preceded by||Wang Maolin|
|Succeeded by||Tian Chengping|
|Governor of Shanxi|
July 1992 – September 1993
|Preceded by||Wang Senhao|
|Succeeded by||Sun Wensheng|
October 1937 (age 80)|
Zhangzi County, Shanxi, China
|Political party||Communist Party of China|
|Alma mater||Liaoning Technical University|
Hu Fuguo (Chinese: 胡富国; born October 1937) is a People's Republic of China politician currently serving as president of China Association of Poverty Alleviation & Development. He was Communist Party Secretary, Governor and CPPCC chairman of his home province Shaanxi.
He was a delegate to the 13th and 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. He was a member of the 14th and 15th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.
Hu was a powerful provincial official in home-province Shanxi in the 1990s. During his tenure, he focused on energy alternatives, water development and conservation, the environment, education, economic development, and supervised the construction of Taiyuan-Jiuguan Expressway, Taiyuan Wusu International Airport, and Taiyuan railway station. At the same time, with his name and political influence, his town sons Hu Zhiqiang and Hu Wenqiang got a meteoric rise in local politics and local state-owned enterprises. But Hu Zhiqiang was sacked for purchasing offices and selling offices and collusion between officials and businessmen.
Early life and education
Hu was born into poverty in Xiahuo Village (下霍村) of Zhangzi County, Shanxi, in October 1937, after the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out. Both his parents were poor farmers. He had eleven siblings, but only him and two younger sisters survived. His mother died young and the three of them were raised by his father.
After middle school in 1957, Hu entered the workforce as accountant in local people's commune. In 1958 he was accepted to the newly established Vestibule School of Coal, which was attached to Lu'an Bureau of Mines (潞安矿务局), and he joined the Communist Party of China in the next year. In October 1960 he enrolled at the Fuxin College of Mines (now Liaoning Technical University), where he majored in mining.
After graduating in 1964, Hu was assigned to Datong Bureau of Mines (大同矿务局) in Datong, a city rich in coal resources in his home-province. He spent almost 20 years working at the province's institutes about coal resources before serving as vice-minister of Coal Industry in Beijing.
In 1988 he was appointed vice-minister of Energy, he concurrently served as general manager and party branch secretary of China Unified distribution Coal Mine Corporation, a state-owned company. In the Spring of 1990, People's Daily published an article titled "The Vice Minister's Wife Burns the Boilers" and subsequently published an other article "Secretary of the Provincial Party Committee's Black Lammy", praising Hu was a clear official and good official.
In July 1992, Hu was transferred back to Taiyuan, capital of Shanxi province, where he was appointed deputy party chief and acting governor of Shanxi. In early 1993 he was installed as governor of Shanxi, replacing Wang Senhao. In September of that year, he was promoted to party chief of Shanxi, the top political position in the province, where he served until June 1999. He concurrently served as CPPCC Committee chairman of Shanxi between March 1994 and February 1995. During his term in office, he focused on energy alternatives, water development and conservation, the environment, education, economic development, and supervised the construction of Taiyuan-Jiuguan Expressway, Taiyuan Wusu International Airport, and Taiyuan railway station.
In June 1999, Hu was transferred to Beijing again and was appointed as deputy director of the Department for Poverty Alleviation of the State Council, a position at ministerial level. He served in the post until he retirement in May 2005. Now he is the president of China Association of Poverty Alleviation & Development.
Hu married Chang Genxiu (常根秀). The couple has two sons: Hu Zhiqiang and Hu Wenqiang (胡文强). Hu and his family are Buddhist believers, they built a Buddhist temple named "Anle Temple" (安乐寺; "Temple of Safe and Happy") in their hometown. In the temple there is a jade statue of Guanyin worthing 200 million yuan. Every year during the Chinese New Year, businessmen drive to their home to pay New Year's greetings.
Hu Zhiqiang was Mayor of Yulin, Communist Party Secretary of Yulin, and Party Branch Secretary of Shaanxi Provincial Health and Family Planning Commission before he was placed under investigation by the Communist Party of China's anti-corruption agency in June 2018.
Hu Wenqiang is now the deputy general manager of Shanxi Coking Coal Group Co., Ltd. (山西焦煤集团有限责任公司), a state owned company headquartered in Taiyuan, capital of Shanxi province. He is also the party chief and chairman of the board of Nanfeng Chemical Industry Share Holding Co., Ltd (南风化工集团股份有限公司), which headquartered in Yuncheng, Shanxi province.
- “官二代”身份惹关注 陕西榆林原市委书记胡志强落马. caixin.com (in Chinese). 2018-06-13.
- 陕西榆林前书记胡志强被查 曾被当地商人实名举报. sina (in Chinese). 2018-06-13.
- 山西前省委书记胡富国：此生最负是夫人 [Former Communist Party Secretary of Shanxi Hu Fuguo: I Feel Guilty about My Wife]. 163.com (in Chinese). 2014-10-10.
- 逆子胡志强落马：清官胡富国之痛. Sohu (in Chinese). 2018-06-17.
- 胡志强的祖宅探秘！ [Explore the Ancestral Hall of Hu Zhiqiang]. Sohu (in Chinese). 2018-06-16.
- 陕西榆林前书记胡志强被查 曾被当地商人实名举报 [Former Yulin Municipal Communist Party Secretary Hu Zhiqiang placed under investigation, he was once real-name reported by local businessmen]. sina (in Chinese). 2018-06-13.
- 原榆林市委书记胡志强被查，那尊2亿元翡翠观音没保佑他 [Former Yulin Municipal Communist Party Secretary Hu Zhiqiang placed under investigation, the 200 million yuan jade statue of Guanyin didn't blessing him]. Sohu (in Chinese). 2018-06-13.
- 陕西厅官胡志强被查 系山西省委原书记胡富国长子 [Prefecture-level official Hu Zhiqiang was placed under investigation, the son of former Shanxi Provincial Communist Party Secretary Hu Fuguo]. 163.com (in Chinese). 2018-06-13.
|Party political offices|
| Communist Party Chief of Shanxi
| Governor of Shanxi
| CPPCC Committee chairman of Shanxi