Gordon Howard Eliot Hodgkin|
6 August 1932
Hammersmith, London, England
9 March 2017 84) (aged|
|Education||Camberwell Art School, Bath Academy of Art|
|Known for||Painting, Printmaking|
|Awards||Turner Prize (1985)|
Gordon Howard Eliot Hodgkin was born on 6 August 1932 in Hammersmith, London, the son of Eliot Hodgkin (1905–1973), a manager for the chemical company ICI and a noted amateur horticulturist, and his wife Katherine, a botanical illustrator. During the Second World War, Eliot Hodgkin was an RAF officer, rising to Wing Commander, and was assistant to Sefton Delmer in running his black propaganda campaign against Nazi Germany.
His maternal grandfather Gordon Hewart, 1st Viscount Hewart was a journalist, lawyer, MP and Lord Chief Justice; and the scientist Thomas Hodgkin was his great-great-grandfather's older brother. Hodgkin was a cousin of the English still life painter Eliot Hodgkin (1905–1987),
During the Second World War, Hodgkin was evacuated with his mother and sister to the USA, where they lived on Long Island, New York. On returning, he was educated at Eton College and then at Bryanston School in Dorset. He had decided on a career in art in early childhood and ran away from school to pursue this.
In 1980, Hodgkin was invited by John Hoyland to exhibit work as part of the Hayward Annual at the Hayward Gallery along with Gillian Ayres, Basil Beattie, Terry Setch, Anthony Caro, Patrick Caulfield, Ben Nicholson and others.
In 1981, Hodgkin had collaborated with the Rambert Dance Company's Resident Choreographer, Richard Alston, for his abstract work 1981 for the production of Night Music and later for the production of Pulcinella in 1987.
British Council in India
Hodgkin was invited to design a mural for the front of Charles Correa's 1992 headquarters for the British Council in India. Hodgkin's mural is of a banyan tree spreading its branches across the walls. It is a symbol of the British Council's work rooted in the Indian cultural scene. Hodgkin said of Correa: “Charles Correa is the most perfect architect you could imagine. He first suggested that I think about the mural as an Indian flag turning into a Union Jack. I said no.”
In 1995, Hodgkin printed the Venetian Views series, which depict the same view of Venice at four different times of day. Venice, Afternoon – one of the four prints – uses 16 sheets, or fragments, in a hugely complex printing process that creates a colourful, painterly effect. This piece was given to the Yale Centre of British Art in June 2006 by its Israeli family owners in order to complement the museum's already-impressive collection of Hodgkins.
A major exhibition of his work was mounted at Tate Britain, London, in 2006. Also in 2006, The Independent declared him one of the 100 most influential gay people in Britain, as his work has helped many people express their emotions to others.
In September 2010, Hodgkin and five other British artists, John Hoyland, John Walker, Ian Stephenson, Patrick Caulfield and R.B. Kitaj, were in an exhibition entitled The Independent Eye: Contemporary British Art From the Collection of Samuel and Gabrielle Lurie, at the Yale Center for British Art.
A feature of his painting was that he made the frame intrinsic to the work " incorporated physically into the painting as part of its making, or created as an illusion to give definition to his subject."
National Life Stories conducted an oral history interview (C466/286) with Howard Hodgkin between 2008 and 2017 for its Architects Lives' collection held by the British Library.
Hodgkin was awarded the CBE in 1977, and he was knighted in 1992. He received an honorary fellowship from the London Institute in 1999. In 2000, he was awarded an honorary DLitt by the University of Oxford. He was made a Companion of Honour in the 2003 New Year Honours for his services to art.
Personal life and death
In 1955, Hodgkin married Julia Lane, by whom he had two children. Hodgkin knew he was gay, even when he married, and later left his wife. In 2009, The Independent reported that he had been with his partner, the music writer Antony Peattie, for 20 years. They lived in a four-storey Georgian house in Bloomsbury, near the British Museum.
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- Lee Richards. The Black Art: British Clandestine Psychological Warfare against the Third Reich. www.psywar.org. pp. 29–30. ISBN 978-0-9542936-2-8. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
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- Windsor, Alan (1998). Handbook of Modern British Painting and Printmaking 1900-1990 (2 ed.). Ashgate. p. 248. ISBN 9780853318439.
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- Schwendener, Martha, "Echoes From a Distant Contemporary Past" (exhibition review), The New York Times, 10 December 2010.Retrieved 15 December 2010
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- "A compelling printmaker". Financial Times. 11 December 2009. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
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- Sound and Moving Image Catalogue Copyright © The British Library Board, 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2017
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- Brown, Mark (9 March 2017). "Painter Howard Hodgkin dies aged 84". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
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- Michael Auping; John Elderfield; Susan Sontag; Marla Price (1995). Howard Hodgkin Paintings. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500279705.
- Andrew Graham-Dixon (2001). Howard Hodgkin. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0500092982.
- Liesbeth Heenk (2006). Howard Hodgkin: The Complete Prints. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 9780500284391.
- Marla Price (2006). Howard Hodgkin: The Complete Paintings. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 9780500093290.
- Enrique Juncosa (2006). Writers on Howard Hodgkin. Tate Publishing. ISBN 9781854376749.
- Alan Hollinghurst (2008). Howard Hodgkin. Gagosian Gallery. ISBN 1932598715.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Howard Hodgkin|
- Official website
- Artchive information
- Artcyclopedia information
- An audio interview (.ram format) with Hodgkin by Edward Lucie Smith
- Exhibition at Tate Britain, London, 14 June – 10 September 2006