House of Sverre

House of Sverre
Parent house Not known
Country Kingdom of Norway and Kingdom of Scotland
Founded 1184
Founder Sverre Sigurdsson
Current head Extinct, last monarch of this House was Haakon Magnusson
Titles Chieftain of the Birkebeins, King of Norway, Queen of Scots
Cadet branches None, replaced by the House of Bjelbo

The House of Sverre (Norwegian: Sverreætten)[1] was a royal house or dynasty which ruled, at various times in history, the Kingdom of Norway, hereunder the kingdom's realms, and the Kingdom of Scotland. The house was founded with King Sverre Sigurdsson. It provided the rulers of Norway from 1184 to 1319.

History

The house was founded with King Sverre Sigurdsson, who claimed to be an illegitimate son of King Sigurd Munn, when he was made King of Norway. After Sverre's death, his descendants would expand the influence, wealth, and power of the dynasty. Under his grandson Haakon IV's rule, medieval Norway reached its peak.

Also Margaret, Maid of Norway was a member of this family.

The house replaced the Gille dynasty, and was again replaced by the House of Bjelbo, which inherited Norway's throne. They were the last reigning family that claimed patrilineal descent from Harald Fairhair.

Coat of arms

See also: Coat of arms of Norway

The main arms of the kings belonging to the House of Sverre, was a golden crowned lion on a red field. The lion was later supplied with a silver axe symbolising Olaf the Holy. This became the coat of arms of Norway.

List of kings

The rulers within the royal house or dynasty would often have a "junior king" along with a "senior king" (three dates show the reign as junior king to the start of reign as senior to the end of their reign). Here is a list of the rulers when the house held the power in Norway:

NameReign
Sverre Sigurdsson1184–1202
Haakon III Sverresson1202–1204
Guttorm Sigurdsson1204
Rule of Inge Baardson of the Gille branch1204–1217
Haakon IV the Old1217–1263
Haakon Haakonsson the Young1240–1257
Magnus VI Lagabøte1257–1263–1280
Eric II Magnusson1273–1280–1299
Haakon V Magnusson1299–1319

Other members

See also

References

  1. Lunden, Kåre; Mykland, Knut (1976). Norge under Sverreætten 1177-1319. Norges historie. 3. Cappelen. ISBN 9788202034535.
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