House of Sobieski

Sobieski

Janina
Country Poland
Ethnicity Polish
Founded Free election, 1674
Current head Extinct
Final ruler John III Sobieski
Titles
Estate(s) Poland, Lithuania, Ukraine, Belarus

Sobieski (plural: Sobiescy, feminine form: Sobieska) was a prominent magnate family of Polish nobility in the 16th and 17th centuries. The family used the Janina coat of arms.

History

According to the family's legend, disproved by modern historians, it traced its lineage to a Polish duke, Leszek II the Black. Another family legend said that they were the descendants of Duke Sobiesław, the son of Leszko III, a legendary ruler of the Popielids dynasty. The family reached the height of its power and importance in the late 16th and 17th centuries, when one of its members was elected King of Poland: John III Sobieski (Jan III Sobieski). The last male member of the branch of the family that began with John's grandfather, Marek Sobieski, in the 16th century was Jakub Ludwik Sobieski (1667–1737).

Coat of arms

The Sobieski family used the Janina coat of arms, and their motto was Vel cum hoc, vel super hoc.

Notable members

PictureNameBornDeathParentsConsortsFunctions and Offices
Stanisław Sobieskic. 14501508/1516Mikołaj Sobieski
Jadwiga
Małgorzata KrzynieckaSzlachcic, owner of Sobieszyn
Piotr Sobieskic. 1460after 1508Mikołaj Sobieski
Jadwiga
Unknown by Name heiress
of the village Bychawka
Szlachcic, owner of Lędo
Sebastian Sobieskic. 14861557Stanisław Sobieski
Małgorzata Krzyniecka
Barbara GiełczewskaSzlachcic
Jan Sobieskic. 15181564Sebastian Sobieski
Barbara Giełczewska
Katarzyna GdeszyńskaRotmistrz of Cavalry
Marek Sobieskic. 15501605Jan Sobieski
Katarzyna Gdeszyńska
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Katarzyna Tęczyńska
Voivode of Lublin Voivodship
Sebastian Sobieskic. 15521614Jan Sobieski
Katarzyna Gdeszyńska
Anna ZebrzydowskaCourt Standard-Bearer of the Crown
Jakub Sobieski15901646Marek Sobieski
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Marianna Wiśniowiecka
Zofia Teofila Daniłowiczówna
Magnate
Deputy of the Sejm
Aleksandra Sobieskac. 15901645Marek Sobieski
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Krzysztof WiesiołowskiWife of Great Marshal of Lithuania
Zofia Sobieskac. 1586unknownMarek Sobieski
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Jan Mikołaj WodyńskiWife of Voivode of Podlasie
Katarzyna Sobieskac. 1582unknownMarek Sobieski
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Stanisław RadziejowskiWife of Voivode of Rawa and Łęczyca
castellan of Rawa Mazowiecka
Gryzelda Sobieskac. 15881621Marek Sobieski
Jadwiga Snopkowska
Dadżbóg Karnkowski
Jan Rozdrażewski
Voivode of Dorpat
Carver of Queen Constance of Austria
Marek Sobieski16281652Jakub Sobieski
Zofia Teofila Daniłowiczówna
noneStarost of Jaworów and Krasnystaw
Rotmistrz of the Crown Army
John III Sobieski16291696Jakub Sobieski
Zofia Teofila Daniłowiczówna
Marie Casimire LouiseKing of Poland
Katarzyna Sobieska16341694Jakub Sobieski
Zofia Teofila Daniłowiczówna
Władysław Dominik Zasławski-Ostrogski
Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł
Wife of Deputy Chancellor of Lithuania
and Field Hetman of Lithuania
Jakub Ludwik Sobieski16671737Jan III Sobieski
Marie Casimire Louise
Jadwiga Elżbieta Amalia SobieskaPretender to the thrones of:
Poland
Prussia
Moldavia
Hungary
Teresa Kunegunda Sobieska16761730Jan III Sobieski
Marie Casimire Louise
Maximilian II EmanuelWife of Elector of Bavaria
Aleksander Benedykt Sobieski16771714Jan III Sobieski
Marie Casimire Louise
nonePrince of Poland
Konstanty Władysław Sobieski16801726Jan III Sobieski
Marie Casimire Louise
Maria Józefa WesselPrince of Poland
Maria Karolina Sobieska16971740Jakub Ludwik Sobieski
Jadwiga Elżbieta Amalia Sobieska
Frédéric Maurice Casimir de La Tour d'Auvergne
Charles Godefroy de La Tour d'Auvergne
Princess of Turenne
Duchess of Bouillon
Last surviving member of the family
Maria Klementyna Sobieska17011735Jakub Ludwik Sobieski
Jadwiga Elżbieta Amalia Sobieska
James Francis Edward StuartWife of a pretender to the thrones of:
Scotland
Ireland
England

Famous descendants

Among the descendants of John III Sobieski were one Holy Roman Emperor (simultaneously one King of Bohemia and one King of Germany), seven Kings of Saxony (simultaneously one Duke of Warsaw), one King of Bavaria, two Kings of Italy (simultaneously one Emperor of Ethiopia and one King of the Albanians), one Tsar of Bulgaria, one Emperor of Austria (simultaneously one King of Hungary), one Queen consort of Spain and one titular Queen consort of England, Ireland and Scotland.

Tree

References

  1. Title of Theresa Kunegunda Sobieska
  2. Title of Maria Karolina Sobieska
  3. Title of Maria Karolina Sobieska
  4. Title of Maria Clementina Sobieska (titular)
  5. Title of Maria Clementina Sobieska (titular)
  6. Title of Maria Clementina Sobieska (titular)
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