History of Haryana
1.Maharaja Harshwardhan Bains 2.Raja Balram Singh Tewatia 3.Raja Nahar Singh(Revolution1857) 4.Raja Rao Tularam(Revolutionary) 5.Kunwar Pratap Singh Siddhu (Revolutionary) 6.Jatwan Malik(Warrior-fought against Kutubuddin eibak) 7.Harveer Gulia(Warrior-killed Taimur) 8.Bakhtawar Singh Thakran(1857) 9.Gallam Singh Kilhod(1857) 10.Udami Ram Saroha(1857) 11.Nanhi devi Fogat(Revolutionary) 12.Chaudhary Bhura Singh Dalal(Revolutionary) 13.Chaudhary Ninghaiya Dalal(Revolutionary) 14.Chaudhary Gulab Singh Badali(1857) 15.Veer Harful Jat Julani(Gaurakshak revolutionary) 16.Bhagat Phool Singh(Revolutionary) 17.Sawami Sawtantarta Nand(Revolutionary) 18.Sawami Omanand Saraswati(Revolutionary) 19.Raja Ajit Singh Ladwa(faught angainst British) 20.Ratni Devi Saroha(1857) 21.Seth Chaju Ram(Businessman and revolutionary) 22.Nihal Singh Takshak(Revolutionary) 23.Pandit Lakhmi chand(Ragni Poet) 24.Fauji Mehar Singh(Ragni Poet) 25.Baje Bhagat(Ragani Poet) 26.Hoshiyar Singh Dahiya(Paramveer Chakra) 27.ManiRam Shehrawat(Revolutionary) 28.Dharam Singh Hayatpur(revolutionary) 29.Mool Chand Jain
In some ancient Hindu texts, the boundaries of Kurukshetra correspond roughly to the state of Haryana. Thus according to the Taittiriya Aranyaka 5.1.1., the Kurukshetra region is south of Turghna (Srughna/Sugh in Sirhind, Punjab), north of Khandava (Delhi and Mewat region), east of Maru (desert) and west of Parin.
Pre-Islamic Hindu-Buddhist period
After ousting the Huns, king Harshavardhana established his capital at Thanesar near Kurukshetra in the 7th century CE. After his death, the kingdom of his clansmen, the Pratiharas ruled over a vast region for quite a while from Harsha's adopted capital Kannauj. The region remained strategically important for the rulers of North India even though Thanesar was no more as central as Kannauj. Prithviraj Chauhan established forts at Taraori and Hansi in the 12th century.
Muhammad Ghori conquered Haryana after the Second Battle of Tarain. Following his death, the Delhi Sultanate was established that ruled much of India for several centuries. The earliest reference to 'Hariana' occurs in a Sanskrit inscription dated 1328 AD kept in Delhi Museum, which refers to this region as The heaven on earth, indicating that it was fertile and relatively peaceful at that time. Firoz Shah Tughlaq established a fort at Hisar in 1354 to further fortify the region, and also constructed canals or rajwahas as they were referred to in the Indo-Persian historical texts.
The three famous battles of Panipat took place near the modern town of Panipat. The first battle took place in 1526, where Babur, the ruler of Kabul defeated Ibrahim Lodi of the Delhi Sultanate, through the use of field artillery. This battle marked the beginning of the Mughal empire in India.
In the Second Battle of Panipat (5 November 1556), Akbar's general Bairam Khan defeated Hemu, the local Haryanvi who grew up in Rewari. Hemu, who belonged to Rewari in Haryana, rose from a businessman to become advisor to Afghan kings and then Prime Minister-cum-Chief of Army. He fought and won 22 battles in between 1553 and 1556, from Punjab to Bengal against Afghans and Mughals and won all of them without losing any. Hemu defeated Akbar's army at Tughlaqabad in Battle of Delhi-1556 and became king at Delhi on 7 October 1556 declaring himself as Vikramaditya following the reigns of earlier Vedic kings. Hemu lost his life in the Second Battle of Panipat.
Maratha period (1756-1801)
During the first war of independence in 1857 the major centers of rebellion were at Hisar, Hansi, Sirsa, Rohtak, Jhajjar, Bahadurgarh, Farrukhnagar, Ballabhgarh, Rewari, Ambala, Panipat and Thanesar. Under the "Delhi Agency" there were seven princely states, Jhajjar, Farrukhnagar, Ballabhgarh, Loharu, Pataudi and Dujana. The Chiefs of the last two estates remained loyal to the British and others rebelled. The Rajput rulers of Rajasthan also kept out of the mutiny. Raja Nahar Singh the Jat ruler of Ballabhgarh, Rao Tula Ram ruler of Rewari and his cousing Gopal Dev, Nawab Abdur Rahman Khan Jhajjar, Nawab Ahmad Ali of Farrukhnagar, Sadruddin the peasant leader of Mewat, Harsukh Rai and Mirza Gauhar Ali of Palwal and Imam of Bu Ali Shah Qalandar mosque in Panipat played key role.
5th and 60th Regiments of Benga Native Infantry rebelled at Umballa (Ambala). During the Battle of Narnaul at Nasibpur on 16 November 1857, British lost 70 British soldiers and their commanders colonel Gerrard and Captain Wallace. 40 British soldiers and officers Captain Craige, Captain Kennedy and Captain Pearse were wounded.
Independence and formation of Haryana
On 1 November 1966, Haryana was carved out on the basis of that the parts of Punjab which were to be Haryana's "Hindi-speaking areas." Same example was followed in creation of Himachal Pradesh as well. Haryana state was formed on the recommendation of the Sardar Hukam Singh Parliamentary Committee. The formation of this committee was announced in the Parliament on 23 September 1965.
On 23 April 1966, acting on the recommendation of the Hukam Singh Committee, the Indian government set up the Shah Commission under the chairmanship of Justice J. C. Shah, to divide and set up the boundaries of Punjab and Haryana.
The commission gave its report on 31 May 1966. According to this report the then districts of Hissar, Mahendragarh, Gurgaon, Rohtak, and Karnal were to be a part of the new state of Haryana. Further the Tehsils of Jind (district Sangrur), Narwana (district Sangrur) Naraingarh, Ambala and Jagadhari of district Ambala were also included. The commission recommended that Tehsil Kharar (including Chandigarh) should also be a part of Haryana.
Theme history of Haryana
- IVC Black and red ware culture (1450BCE-1200BCE)
- Vedic Era Painted Grey Ware culture (1200BCE to 600BCE)
- Pre-Islamic architecture of Haryana
- Bhima Devi Temple Site Museum
- Kalayat Ancient Bricks Temple Complex
- Adi Badri, Haryana
- Morni Hills Shiva temple
- Pillars of Ashoka in africa.
Clothing and textiles
Dancing Girl attire.
Ornaments and jewellery
- States at the time of independence
- With headquarter based in Haryana
- With headquarter based outside of Haryana with parts of territory within Haryana
- Agarwal, Vishal: Is There Vedic Evidence for the Indo-Aryan Immigration to India? (PDF) Archived 28 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- Kar, L. Colonel H. C. "Military History of India", Calcutta (1980), p.283
- Dr Malti Malik, History of India, Page 356.
- Madan Gopal, 1977, Sir Chhotu Ram: a political biography, Page 9.
- M.K. Singh, 2009, Encyclopaedia Of Indian War Of Independence (1857-1947) (Set Of 19 Vols.)
- "1st November 1966 - Haryana Day - History - Haryana Online - North India" Archived 2 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- Magnificent havelis of Nangal-Sirohi, The Tribune, 22 June 2002.