Hikmat Sulayman

Hikmat Sulayman
Prime Minister of Iraq
In office
30 October 1936  17 August 1937
Monarch Ghazi I
Preceded by Yasin al-Hashimi
Succeeded by Jamil al-Midfai
Personal details
Born 1889
Died 16 June 1964
Baghdad, Baathist Iraq
Political party Party of National Brotherhood

Hikmat Sulayman (1889 – 16 June 1964) (Arabic: حكمت سليمان) was prime minister of Iraq from October 30, 1936 to August 12, 1937 at the head of a Party of National Brotherhood government.

Sulayman, of Iraqi Arab[1] and Georgian descent.[2] Some sources also note Chechen[3] or Circassian[4] ancestry. was a key figure in the early days of Iraqi independence and the effort to create a multi-ethnic state. He came to power in Bakr Sidqi's coup, the first that the country experienced. His position was confirmed by King Ghazi.

Together with Sidqi, Sulayman veered away from the pan-Arab nationalism of the preceding Iraqi governments. Together with Sidqi, he forged an alliance with Turkey and settled the border dispute with Iran, two countries he regarded as potential allies in the struggle against Arab nationalist sentiment. Nevertheless, he differed with Sidqi over the emphases of the new government, preferring to address social issues in the country, while Sidqi focused on military affairs and expanding Iraq's borders.

Sulayman was forced to resign following Sidqi's assassination in 1937.


  1. Ali Bilgenoğlu, Osmanlı Devleti'nde Arap milliyetçi cemiyetler, Müdafaa-i Hukuk Yayınları, 2007, p. 87.]
  2. "New York Times, May 17, 1909" (PDF). The New York Times. 17 May 1909.
  3. İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971, p. 101. (in Turkish)
  4. Nâzım Tektaş, Sadrazamlar: Osmanlı'da ikinci adam saltanatı, Çatı Kitapları, 2002, p. .


  • Wien, Peter (2014), Iraqi Arab Nationalism: Authoritarian, Totalitarian and Pro-Fascist Inclinations, 1932–1941, Routledge, ISBN 1134204795 .
Political offices
Preceded by
Yasin al-Hashimi
Prime Minister of Iraq
October 30, 1936— August 12, 1937
Succeeded by
Jamil al-Midfai
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