High Franconian German

High Franconian
Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg, Thuringia, Saxony
Linguistic classification Indo-European
Glottolog high1287[1]
Upper German languages, with High Franconian in red and purple

High Franconian (German: oberfränkische Dialekte) is a part of High German consisting of East Franconian and South Franconian.[2] Because of fundamental differences in structure, it is factually not justified.[3]

It is part of the Franconian languages area, spoken southeast of the Rhine Franconian part.

It is spoken in Germany around Karlsruhe, Erlangen, Fürth, Heilbronn and Würzburg and a small area in France. It is disputed, whether Nuremberg in Germany belongs to its area. Surnames from the area of High Franconian include Bauer, Hofmann, Merkel, Paulus, Schmidt and Schneider.

High Franconian is transitional between Upper German and Central German with similarity to Yiddish. It is sometimes considered part of Central German, or part of neither Upper nor Central German.


  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "High Franconian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. Noble, Cecil A. M. (1983). Modern German dialects New York [u.a.], Lang, p. 119
  3. Glück, Helmut (ed.). Metzler-Lexikon Sprache. Metzler, 1993, p. 442.

See also

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