Central German dialects
Hessian (German: Hessisch) is a West Central German group of dialects of the German language in the central German state of Hesse. The dialect most similar to Hessian is Palatinate German (Ger.: Pfälzisch, pronounced [ˈp͡fɛlt͡sɪʃ]) of the Rhine Franconian sub-family. However, the Hessian dialects have some features which set them somewhat apart from other West-Central German dialects.
Hessian can be divided into four main dialects, namely those of:
- Northern Hesse (around the city of Kassel),
- Central Hesse (including the Marburg and Gießen areas),
- Eastern Hesse (around Fulda),
- Southern Hesse (around Darmstadt).
The urban regiolect of Frankfurt and the Rhine-Main area is based on the Southern Hesse dialect. In the Central Hessian dialect area, the Frankfurt regiolect is gradually replacing the traditional local dialects.
Changes to consonants
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Hessen Middle High German". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- The German Dialects, a practical approach, Wolfgang Näser, retrieved 19 July 2011
- A Quick Guide to the Language of Frankfurt, Carsten Keil, retrieved 19 July 2011
- Hessian dialects (in German)