Hararit

Hararit
הררית
Entrance to Hararit
Hararit
Coordinates: 32°50′46″N 35°22′05″E / 32.84611°N 35.36806°E / 32.84611; 35.36806Coordinates: 32°50′46″N 35°22′05″E / 32.84611°N 35.36806°E / 32.84611; 35.36806
Council Misgav Regional Council
Founded 1980
Founded by Shahaf Transcendental Meditation group
Population (2017)[1] 466
Name meaning mountainous

Hararit (Hebrew: הֲרָרִית; lit. "mountainous")[2] is a community settlement in Western Galilee, Israel. In 2017 it had a population of 466.[1]

History

Hararit, located on the crest of Mount Netofa in the Lower Galilee, was established in 1980 as part of a government-sponsored project initiated by Labor party member Nissim Zvili.[3] It was part of a plan to bring more Jewish residents to the Galilee area.[3] Initially it was supposed to be settled by a group of Rafael employees, but they rejected it, as it was too far from their workplace, and eventually it was settled by Shahaf ("Seagull"), a group of people dedicated to the principles of Transcendental Meditation (TM).[4][5] By the year 2000 the TM group was reported to be only half of its original population.[6] In 2008, there were 95 families living in Hararit.[7]

Archaeologists have discovered three large ancient water cisterns and the remains of agricultural terraces in the vicinity of Hararit. [8]

Economy

The economy is largely based on hitec, alternative medicine, tourism, with some of the residents operating bed and breakfast establishments.[6]

Notable residents

References

  1. 1 2 "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  2. Hararit and Lavra Netofa Archived 2012-04-09 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. 1 2 Gablinger, Tamar (2010). The Religious Melting Point: On Tolerance, Controversial Religions and The State. Germany: Tectum Verlag Marburg. pp. 81, 297, 301,.
  4. "הררית - מקום בטבע - יישובים ייחודיים בגליל | הרשות לפיתוח הגליל". www.romgalil.org.il. Retrieved 2017-03-25.
  5. Hararit at the site of the Ministry for the Development of the Negev and Galilee (in Hebrew)
  6. 1 2 Zisling, Yael (Oct-Nov 2000) More Netofa: The Land of Olive Oil and Honey Gems in Israel, retrieved Sept 24, 2012
  7. Corder, Mike (February 7, 2008). "Founder of TM movement, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, dies in The Netherlands. Israeli followers mourn passing of 'great teacher'". The Jerusalem Post. p. 06.
  8. Liebner Uzi, Settlement and History in Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine Galilee retrieved Sept 26, 2012
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