Gustav Adolf Nosske
Gustav Nosske at the Einsatzgruppen Trial
29 December 1902|
Halle, German Empire
|Died||1990 (aged 87)|
|Years of service||1933–1945|
|Commands held||Einsatzkommando 12|
Gustav Adolf Nosske (29 December 1902 – 1990) was a German lawyer and SS functionary during the Nazi era. In 1941 he commanded Einsatzkommando 12 within Einsatzgruppe D, under the command of Otto Ohlendorf. Nosske was tried in the Einsatzgruppen Trial in 1948 and sentenced to life imprisonment. He was released in 1955.
After studying law, the Halle-born Nosske became a lawyer. He joined the Nazi Party and the SS in 1933. He was the head of the Gestapo in Aachen in 1935 and then in Frankfurt from September 1936 to June 1941. He was appointed chief of Einsatzkommando 12 before the invasion of the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941. In the areas of Donetsk and Novocherkassk his unit committed many atrocities against the civilian population. In mid-August 1941 Otto Ohlendorf ordered Nosske to transport 11,000 Jews from Mohyliv-Podilskyi to Yampil in order to make them cross the Dniester River and place them in the Romanian zone. During this walk hundreds of Jews were murdered. Between 16 and 28 February 1942 Einsatzkommando 12 killed 721 Jews, 271 communists, 74 partisans and 421 Roma.
In April 1942 Nosske joined the RSHA office in Berlin concerning the Occupied Eastern Territories. In 1943 he was appointed head of the "Foreigners and Enemies of the State" division of the Gestapo. He worked as a liaison between the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories and the RSHA. From August 1943 to September 1944 he was head of the state police in Düsseldorf. He did not execute the order to collect all German Jews of Düsseldorf married to non-Jews for extermination.
Trial and conviction
Nosske was arrested by the Allies and brought to trial at the Einsatzgruppen Trial in 1948 at Nuremberg. He was the only accused who did not seek clemency from General Lucius D. Clay in the American sector of occupation. On 10 April 1948 Nosske was sentenced to life imprisonment for war crimes. In 1951 his sentence was commuted to ten years in prison. Upon returning to civilian life he became a coach in Württemberg. On 26 March 1965 he testified as a witness at the Frankfurt Auschwitz Trials. Nosske died in 1990.
- Ralf Ogorreck. Les Einsatzgruppen ed. Calmann-Lévy 2007 p. 168 ISBN 978-2-286-03062-9
- Nathan Stoltzfus. Resistance of the Heart: Intermarriage and the Rosenstrasse Protest in Nazi Germany, Rutgers University Press, 2001, p. 256 ISBN 0-8135-2909-3
- Richard Rhodes (2002). Masters of Death: The SS-Einsatzgruppen and the Invention of the Holocaust. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 275. ISBN 0-375-40900-9.
- This article incorporates information from the corresponding article in the French Wikipedia