|Member of the European Parliament|
Assumed office |
1 July 2004
|Secretary of the Moderate Party|
4 October 1991 – 4 September 1999
|Preceded by||Per Unckel|
|Succeeded by||Johnny Magnusson|
|Member of the Riksdag|
19 September 1982 – 13 June 2004
Anders Gunnar Hökmark|
19 September 1952
Ystad, Skåne County, Sweden
European People's Party
(m. 1979; her death 2009)
|Alma mater||Lund University|
Anders Gunnar Hökmark (born 19 September 1952) is a Swedish politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Sweden. He is member of the Moderate Party, part of the European People's Party. He previously served as Secretary of the Moderate Party from 1991 to 1999 and Member of the Riksdag (MP) for Stockholm County from 1982 to 2004.
Hökmark is Vice Chairman of the EPP Group, the largest group in the European Parliament with 265 members. He is the leader of the Swedish delegation to the EPP and active in the Committee of Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Committee of Industry, Energy and Research. He is a member of the Special Committee on the Financial, Economic and Social Crisis as well as the Special Committee on the Policy Challenges and Budgetary Resources for a Sustainable European Union after 2013.
Career and life
Hökmark finished a B.A. in business administration and economics at Lund university in 1975 and joined Swedish Unilever 1976 as trainee and became product manager 1977. After his military education, parallel with his university studies, he became an officer in the Armoured Forces of the Swedish Army and is today a captain in the reserve.
Member of the Swedish Parliament, 1982–2004
In 1986 he became managing director of Timbro Idea and developed the think tank division of Timbro, which is today the leading think tank in Sweden. During the time at Timbro he headed the think tank and research activities and took also the initiative to and launched the City University in 1988.
In 1989 Hökmark started the so-called Monday movement, a popular movement supporting the independence of the Baltic States that spread all over Sweden, which today is manifested by a monument at the main meeting place in Stockholm, Norrmalmstorg. He is awarded with Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian orders.
He was the Secretary-General of the Moderate Party between 1991 and 2000, during which time he led a number of election campaigns as well as the referendum campaign about Sweden's membership in the European Union. He was responsible for the process of the Moderate Party joining the European People's Party as full member.
In 2000 he left his office as Secretary General and took the initiative to establish the think-tank Institute of Reform, where he was managing director, with a clear agenda to prepare policies for a shift of government after the general elections 2002, policies that could not be launched as the Social Democrats stayed in power.
Member of the European Parliament, 2004–present
In addition to his committee assignments, Hökmark is the chairman of the Parliament's delegation to the EU-Croatia Joint Parliamentary Committee and active in the delegation to the Euronest Parliamentary Assembly. He is Chairman of the European Friends of Israel and the Sweden-Israel Friendship Association. He is also a member of the Reconciliation of European Histories Group and affiliated with the Institute for Information on the Crimes of Communism. He co-sponsored the European Parliament resolution of 2 April 2009 on European conscience and totalitarianism.
In 2007, Hökmark narrowly lost against Joseph Daul after three rounds of voting in the election of the chairman of the centre-right European People's Party Group. He later lost his post of group’s vice-chairman in 2009.
In 2015, news media reported that Hökmark was included in a Russian blacklist of prominent people from the European Union who are not allowed to enter the country.
- (1981) A New Deal
- (1982) When Might Goes Before Right
- (1983) Defending Freedom
- (1984) A Freer Sweden
- (1986) The Good Sweden (with Odd Eiken)
- (2005) Values of Freedom - A European Challenge
- (2007) The World Is Not Awaiting
- "Swedish MEP Gunnar Hökmark elected Vice-Chairman of the EPP Group - 26/11/2009 - EPP Group". Eppgroup.eu. 2009-11-26. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- "Gunnar HÖKMARK". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- "Biography for gunnar Hökmark". Silobreaker. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- "Synen på fackets roll - Resultat av en undersökning från Demoskop | Timbro" (in Swedish). Timbro.se. Archived from the original on 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- "About Us – Reconciliation of European Histories Group". Reconciliation of European Histories Group. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
- "UOK - Upplysning om kommunismen". Upplysningomkommunismen.se. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- "Joint motion for a resolution: European Parliament resolution on European conscience and totalitarianism". Europa.eu. 30 March 2009. Retrieved 2011-05-10.
- Judith Crosbie (January 10, 2007), New EPP-ED leader open to one seat for Parliament European Voice.
- Simon Taylor (June 29, 2009), Hökmark loses EPP vice-presidency European Voice.
- Ian Wishart (March 27, 2013), Cyprus deal points way to future bank rescues European Voice.
- Toby Vogel (September 11, 2014), Committees choose rapporteurs European Voice.
- Laurence Norman (May 30, 2015), Russia Produces Blacklist of EU People Banned From Entering Country Wall Street Journal.
- European Union anger at Russian travel blacklist BBC News, May 31, 2015.
|Party political offices|
| Secretary of the Moderate Party