Guantanamo Bay files leak
The Guantánamo Bay files leak (also known as The Guantánamo Files, or colloquially, Gitmo Files) began on 25 April 2011, when WikiLeaks, along with several independent news organizations, began publishing 779 formerly secret documents relating to detainees at the United States' Guantánamo Bay detention camp established in 2002 after its invasion of Afghanistan in 2001. The documents consist of classified assessments, interviews, and internal memos about detainees, which were written by the Pentagon's Joint Task Force Guantanamo, headquartered at Guantanamo Bay Naval Base. The documents are marked "secret" and NOFORN (information that is not to be shared with representatives of other countries).
Media reports on the documents note that more than 150 innocent Afghans and Pakistanis, including farmers, chefs, and drivers, were held for years without charges. The documents also reveal that some of the prison's youngest and oldest detainees, who include Mohammed Sadiq, an 89-year-old man, and Naqib Ullah, a 14-year-old boy, suffered from fragile mental and physical conditions. The files contain statements from Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the planner of the 9/11 attacks, who said that al-Qaeda possessed nuclear capacity and would use it to retaliate for any attack on Osama bin Laden. The files also reveal the fate of wanted terrorist Mustafa Mohammed Fadhil, who had been quietly removed from the FBI's most wanted terrorists list in 2005.
Source of the leak
The New York Times said it received the documents from an anonymous source other than WikiLeaks, and it shared them with other news outlets such as NPR and The Guardian. WikiLeaks suggested on Twitter that the source might be Daniel Domscheit-Berg, a former associate. WikiLeaks noted that "our first partner, The Telegraph, published the documents at 1:00 AM GMT, long before NYT or Guardian." Reuters speculated that the original source of the leak may have been Chelsea Manning, a United States soldier then known as Bradley Manning, who was detained for allegedly having leaked other material to WikiLeaks. The Guardian reported that "the Gitmo files are the fifth (and very nearly the final) cache of data that disaffected U.S. soldier Bradley Manning is alleged to have turned over to the WikiLeaks website more than a year ago." Before the time of Manning's alleged leak, WikiLeaks was already being reported and rumored to have these documents.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) said the documents remained legally classified despite the leaks. It informed the lawyers who represent the prisoners in Guantanamo that they were not allowed to read the documents, which have been published by The New York Times and other major media outlets.
The U.S. government issued a statement: "It is unfortunate that The New York Times and other news organizations have made the decision to publish numerous documents obtained illegally by WikiLeaks concerning the Guantanamo detention facility." The documents seem to be "Detainee Assessment Briefs" (DABs) written between 2002 and 2009 and "may or may not represent the current view of a given detainee."
The Guardian noted that, despite the government's claim of having detained dangerous militants, the files, which covered almost all the prisoners held since 2002, revealed an emphasis of holding people to extract intelligence. Although many prisoners were assessed as not posing a threat to security, they were nonetheless detained for lengths of time.
The files showed that nearly 100 detainees had been diagnosed with depressive or psychotic illnesses. The United States tried to retain British nationals and legal residents, such as Jamal al-Harith and Binyam Mohamed, for intelligence value, although its agents knew neither were members of the Taliban or al-Qaeda, and Mohamed had been tortured, so any "evidence" he provided was suspect due to that fact.
The Guardian noted that the files revealed that the U.S. relied strongly on evidence obtained from a relatively few number of detainees, most of whom had been tortured. One detainee made allegations against more than 100 other detainees, so many that his accusations should have been considered suspect. The U.S. issued guidance to its interrogators that was based on assumptions of threat based on flimsy associations – through attendance at particular mosques, stays at certain guest houses in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and other elements.
The Guantanamo Files revealed that Sami al-Hajj, an Al Jazeera journalist and cameraman, was detained from 2002 to 2008, allegedly in part so that U.S. officials could interrogate him about the news network. According to the file, he was detained "to provide information on ... the al-Jazeera news network's training programme, telecommunications equipment, and newsgathering operations in Chechnya, Kosovo and Afghanistan, including the network's acquisition of a video of UBL [Osama bin Laden] and a subsequent interview with UBL." He was considered to be "a HIGH risk, as he is likely to pose a threat to the US, its interests, and allies" and "of HIGH intelligence value."
Sami al-Haji has said that he was beaten and sexually assaulted in detention. His lawyer Clive Stafford Smith, also legal director of the British organisation Reprieve, said that the U.S. had tried to force al-Haji to become an informant against his employers.
Threat by Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
Other documents cited Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, the planner of the 9/11 attacks, saying that if Osama bin Laden was captured or killed by U.S. allies, an Al-Qaeda sleeper cell would detonate a "weapon of mass destruction" in a "secret location" in Europe. He said it would be "a nuclear hellstorm". By March 2003, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed had been waterboarded at least 183 times by the CIA, which held him in custody until September 2006, when he was transferred to Guantanamo. No such attack has occurred following the killing of bin Laden in May 2011. Al-Qaeda has vowed to retaliate.
WikiLeaks has said that, as with previous releases, at least as important as the content of the published documents is that readers should note the reaction of each media news outlet. For instance, WikiLeaks suggested "[comparing] the first paragraph of these two stories about the same thing" by BBC and CNN.
The BBC version opened with the following statement:
Wikileaks: Many at Guantanamo 'not dangerous' – Files obtained by the website Wikileaks have revealed that the U.S. believed many of those held at Guantanamo Bay were innocent or only low-level operatives.
Military documents reveal details about Guantanamo detainees, al Qaeda – Nearly 800 classified U.S. military documents obtained by WikiLeaks reveal extraordinary details about the alleged terrorist activities of al Qaeda operatives captured and housed at the U.S. Navy's detention facility in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
The contrast between foreign and United States media was noted by several journalists, including Glenn Greenwald of Salon. He described the differences as "stark, predictable and revealing". He wrote, "Foreign newspapers highlight how these documents show U.S. actions to be so oppressive and unjust, while American newspapers downplayed that fact."
- Leigh, David; Ball, James; Cobain, Ian; Burke, Jason (25 April 2011). "Guantánamo leaks lift lid on world's most controversial prison". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Temple-Raston, Dina; Gjelton, Tom; Williams, Margot (25 April 2011). "Military Documents Detail Life at Guantanamo". U.S. National Public Radio. USA. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Hope, Christopher; Winnett, Robert; Watt, Holly; Blake, Heidi (25 April 2011). "WikiLeaks: Guantanamo Bay terrorist secrets revealed". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- "Wikileaks: Leak reveals new Guantanamo secrets". The Independent. Associated Press. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- "WikiLeaks Documents Reveal U.S. Knowingly Imprisoned 150 Innocent Men at Guantánamo". Democracy Now!. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Ball, James (25 April 2011). "Guantánamo Bay files: Children and senile old men among detainees". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Gould, Martin (25 April 2011). "WikiLeaks: Al-Qaida Already Has Nuclear Capacity". Newsmax Media. Archived from the original on 26 April 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
- Calderone, Michael (25 April 2011). "WikiLeaks' Guantanamo Bay Documents: The Backstory On News Outlets' Race To Publish Them". Huffington Post. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- WikiLeaks (25 April 2011). "Twitter / @WikiLeaks". Twitter. Retrieved 28 April 2011.
- WikiLeaks (25 April 2011). "Twitter / @WikiLeaks". Twitter. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- McCullagh, Declan (25 April 2011). "WikiLeaks releases secret Guantanamo prison files". CNET News. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Allen, JoAnne (25 April 2011). "Leaked Guantanamo files reveal detainee details – report". Reuters. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- "Guantánamo Bay files – live coverage". The Guardian. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Mitchell, Greg (25 April 2011). "The WikiLeaks Blog: The Guantánamo Files". The Nation. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Shane, Scott (26 April 2011). "Detainees' Lawyers Can't Click on Leaked Documents". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- "Sami Mohy El Din Muhammed Al Hajj" (PDF). WikiLeaks. 24 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Ian Cobain (25 April 2011). "Guantánamo Bay files: Al-Jazeera cameraman held for six years | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 January 2013.
- "Nuclear hellstorm if bin Laden caught – 9/11 mastermind". NEWS.com.au. Agence France-Presse. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Shane, Scott (19 April 2009). "Waterboarding Used 266 Times on 2 Suspects". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- No reference, statement is not supported by the following reference
- Miller, Greg (6 May 2011). "Al-Qaeda confirms Osama bin Laden's death, vows retaliation". The Washington Post. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
- WikiLeaks (25 April 2011). "Twitter / @WikiLeaks". Twitter. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- "Wikileaks: Many at Guantanamo 'not dangerous'". BBC. 25 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Lister, Tim (25 April 2011). "Military documents reveal details about Guantanamo detainees, al Qaeda". CNN. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Martin, Patrick (27 April 2011). "White House, US media stonewall on Guantanamo". World Socialist Web Site. International Committee of the Fourth International. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- Flanders, Laura (25 April 2011). "Guantánamo Files Show Media Priorities". The Nation. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
- Greenwald, Glenn (25 April 2011). "Newly leaked documents show the ongoing travesty of Guantanamo". Salon. Retrieved 27 April 2011.
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