Guadiana del Caudillo

Guadiana del Caudillo


Coat of arms
Guadiana del Caudillo
Location in Extremadura
Coordinates: 38°55′49″N 6°41′27″W / 38.93028°N 6.69083°W / 38.93028; -6.69083Coordinates: 38°55′49″N 6°41′27″W / 38.93028°N 6.69083°W / 38.93028; -6.69083
Country  Spain
Community  Extremadura
Province Badajoz
Comarca Tierra de Badajoz
  Mayor Antonio Pozo Pitel[1]
(PP, since 2015)
  Total 30.05 km2 (11.60 sq mi)
Elevation 185 m (607 ft)
Population (2016)[2]
  Total 2,544
  Density 85/km2 (220/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Guadianero/a
Postal code 06186
Website Official website

Guadiana del Caudillo, also shortened as Guadiana, is a Spanish town and municipality of the Province of Badajoz, in the autonomous community of Extremadura. The municipality covers an area of 30.05 square kilometres (11.60 sq mi) and as of 2015 had a population of 2,527 people.[2]


The town is a planned community founded in 1949 and officially inaugurated in 1951. Named after the nearby river Guadiana and after Francisco Franco, also known as Caudillo, it was one of the villages founded by the Instituto Nacional de Colonización during the Francoist Spain.[3][4]

Hamlet of Badajoz municipality since its foundation, in 1971 it was constituted as local minor entity (Entidad local menor) and, after the approval of Badajoz City Council (Feb. 2009),[5] it became an independent municipality from 17 February 2012. One month later, on March 11, it was held a referendum to revome the Francoist reference (Caudillo) from the toponym. The left parties of PSOE and Izquerda Unida, following the Historical Memory Law, called for abstention considering the name illegal. With the abstention of 67.7%, 495 votes (60,6%) in favor of the name with del Caudillo and 310 (37,9%) in favor of Guadiana option, the toponym has remained unchanged.[6][7][3]


Located between the cities of Badajoz (32 km west) and Mérida (32 km east), and next to the Spanish borders with Portugal (47 km west of Elvas); Guadiana is, along with La Albuera,[8] an enclave entirely surrounded by the municipal territory of Badajoz.[9][10]

The municipality is part of the Judicial district of Badajoz and has no hamlets. The town lies on a plain, rich in canals and rural lands, between the rivers Alcazaba and Guadiana. Nearest settlements are Pueblonuevo del Guadiana, Valdelacalzada, Alcazaba, Montijo and Puebla de la Calzada.[9]

Main sights

One of the sights of the town is the Catholic church dedicated to María de la Soledad, belonging to the Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz.


The town is served by a railway station on the Ciudad Real-Mérida-Badajoz railway, part of an international line that links Madrid with Lisbon. It is crossed to the south by the regional road EX-209, and is 18 km far from Badajoz Airport. Nearest motorway exit is "Talavera la Real", on the Autovía A-5 Madrid-Badajoz, and is 14 km far.[9]


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