Gua bao

Gua bao
A traditional gua bao
Alternative names Steamed bao, hó͘-kā-ti, pork belly bun
Course Snack
Place of origin Taiwan [1]
Region or state Taiwan and Fujian, China
Serving temperature Hot
Main ingredients Steamed bread, stewed meat, condiments
Ingredients generally used Red-cooked pork belly, pickled mustard, coriander, ground peanuts
Variations Fried chicken, fish, eggs, stewed beef
Cookbook: Gua bao  Media: Gua bao

Gua bao ( guàbāo. Han characters: 割包/刈包; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: koah-pau; literally: "cut bread"),[2] also known as steamed bao,[3] pork belly buns,[4], Taiwanese Hamburger,[5] or ambiguously, bao,[6][7] is a Taiwanese snack food consisting of a slice of stewed meat and other condiments sandwiched between flat steamed bread. Gua bao are the forerunner to Japanese hirata buns, due to Japan’s colonial occupation of Taiwan.[8] The steamed bread is typically 6–8 centimetres (2.4–3.1 in) in size, semi-circular and flat in form, with a horizontal fold that, when opened, gives the appearance that it has been sliced. The traditional filling for gua bao is a slice of red-cooked porkbelly, typically dressed with stir-fried suan cai (pickled mustard greens), coriander, and ground peanuts.[7][9][10]

The food is known colloquially in parts of Taiwan as hó͘-kā-ti (虎咬豬; "tiger bites pig") due to the mouth-like form of the bun and the contents of the filling.[9][11] Gua bao are also called "Taiwanese hamburgers" due in-part to the wide variety of novel ingredients used as filling, such as fried chicken, fish, eggs, and stewed beef.

See also


  1. Maggie Wong (August 31, 2018). "The secret of gua bao: The Taiwanese street food taking over the world".
  2. "Entry #8213 (割包)". 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Hokkien). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2011.
  3. Sufrin, Jon (February 5, 2014). "Banh Mi Boys will soon open Lucky Red, a new bao shop in Chinatown". Toronto Life.
  4. Erway, Cathy (April 2, 2014). "Taiwanese Pork Belly Buns (Gua Bao)".
  5. Wong, Maggine (August 31, 2018). "The secret of gua bao: The Taiwanese street food taking over the world". CNN.
  6. L., Mandy (February 6, 2013). "Who Took the "Gua" out of "Bao".
  7. 1 2 Glassberg, Julie (February 23, 2010). "Baohaus". The New York Times.
  8. "Take a bao - Chinatown London". 25 August 2016.
  9. 1 2 "Gwa-Bao (割包 Braised Pork Wrapped in Steamed Buns)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (Taiwan). 2011.
  10. Erway, Cathy. The Food of Taiwan: Recipes from the Beautiful Island. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 9780544303010.
  11. 味蕾 (April 13, 2010). 【美食典故】割包刈包虎咬豬. The Epoch Times.
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