Grosmont (Welsh: Y Grysmwnt or Rhosllwyn) is a village and community near Abergavenny in Monmouthshire, Wales. The population taken at the 2011 census was 920. The wider community (parish) includes the villages of Llangattock Lingoed, Llangua and Llanvetherine.
There are circumstantial indications (Pickford, 2003) that Grosmont may have originated as an Iron Age camp. Grosmont Castle is a major feature of the village and was the birthplace of Henry, 1st Duke of Lancaster. Grosmont was once an important medieval township. It was granted a borough charter, possibly in 1219, and by 1250 there may have been as many as 160 burgage plots. It retained its corporation status until 1857, at which time it still had a mayor and an official ale taster. The town hall replaced a former timber structure and was built in 1832 by the then landowner the 6th Duke of Beaufort, whose descendant offered it to the Grosmont Parish Council in May 1902. A market used to be held twice a week.
The Church of St Nicholas probably has ancient origins but the tower and other parts were built by Prince Edmund (son of Henry III of England and later Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster) for his mother Eleanor of Provence (Queen Eleanor).The 14th century church is dedicated to St Nicholas and was restored by J. P. Seddon in 1869. It has an unusual eight-sided tower.
The Anglican "saint" Lydia Sellon was brought up at Port-y-seal in Grosmont in the 1820s before she went on to found and lead a religious order for women.
Grosmont Castle, along with the nearby White Castle and Skenfrith Castle, have given rise to the Three Castles Walk which links the castles and along with the Monnow Valley Walk brings visitors to the village. Grosmont is dominated by the nearby Graig Syfyrddin (or Edmunds Tump, possibly after Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Lancaster).
Grosmont is linked to the Welsh Prince Owain Glyndŵr and during the Glyndwr rebellion it was the site of a battle in 1405. Glyndwr's ally and trusted Captain Rhys Gethin raised a force of maybe 8,000 men that marched on Grosmont burning the town to the ground. At this time Grosmont was a large and important settlement - only Abergavenny and Carmarthen were larger in the whole of South Wales. Prince Henry, later to become King Henry V, dispatched a force comprising men led by John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, Sir William Newport and Sir John Greynder from Hereford to intercept the Welsh force. They fell on them and defeated the Welsh, killing 800 to 1,000 men and capturing Owen ap Gruffydd ap Rhisiant, Glyndwr's Secretary and John Hanmer, Glyndwr's brother in law, who both survived the battle but were imprisoned in the Tower of London.
Grosmont never recovered from the attack however. Prince Henry informed his father, King Henry IV, in a letter that maybe 100 homes had been burned.
In the summer of 2006 the pub and village were the location for the film The Baker released in 2007. The Angel public house in Grosmont was owned and run by a group of villagers until December 2014 when it was taken over by Mr and Mrs Woolnough.
The wider community of Grosmont includes the villages (and Monmouthshire Council wards) of Llangattock Lingoed, Llangua and Llanvetherine. Grosmont community elects a community council of nine members who meet at Grosmont Town Hall.
- "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 3 April 2015.
- "Sale of the Duke of Beaufort′s estate". The Times (36782). London. 31 May 1902. p. 12.
- Keen, Richard and Burgum, Ian. Wales. Orion Publishing Company (1997) pg. 145.
- Peter G. Cobb, ‘Sellon, (Priscilla) Lydia (1821–1876)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 26 April 2015
- Thomas-Symonds, Nick (Autumn 2004). Researched by Gareth McCann. "The Battle of Grosmont 1405: A Reinterpretation". Gwent Local History. Gwent Local History Council (97): 3–20 – via Welsh Journals.
- Grosmont Community Council, Grosmont.org. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- Remfry, P.M., Grosmont Castle, 1066 to 1538 (ISBN 1-899376-44-5)
- Jackson, M.N. Bygone Days in the March Wall of Wales (St. Catherine's Press, 1926)
- Knight, Jeremy K. The Three Castles (Cadw, 2000)
- Levett, F.G. The Story of Skenfrith, Grosmont and St. Maughan's (1984)
- Pickford, S. Hidden Grosmont (2003; available from Grosmont Post Office)
- Soulsby, I. The Towns of Medieval Wales (Phillimore, 1983)
- Grosmont village website
- Castles of Wales
- Monnow Valley Walk and Three Castles Walk guidebooks
- Photos of Grosmont castle and surrounding area
- The Village Alive Trust - Accommodation in Grosmont