Greek units of measurement
Units used before the metric system
Two types of piki were used to measure cloth. The measurement for silks was equal to 25 inches, and for linen and woolens it was equal to 27 inches. The piki was sometimes regarded as equal to a metre and a kilometre was called a stadion.
The metre was introduced in a royal decree of 1836, and was originally subdivided in 10 palms, 100 digits and 1000 lines.
1 dramme = 3.2 g
1 livre (also known as a pound) (Venetian) = 450 g
1 mina = 1.5 kg
1 royal mine 1.5 kg
1 oka = 0.85331 royal mine = 1.280 kg =
1 stater = 56.32 kg
1 talanton = 150 kg.
One stremma was equal to 1000 m2. The hectare varied from 900 - 2500 m2 depending on region.
1 baril = 74.236 litres.
A staro was equal to 3 bachels, and was also equal to 2.54835 bushels.
- Washburn, E.W. (1926). International Critical Tables of Numerical Data, Physics, Chemistry and Technology. New York: McGraw-Hil Book Company, Inc. p. 8.
- Cardarelli, F. (2003). Encyclopaedia of Scientific Units, Weights and Measures. Their SI Equivalences and Origins. London: Springer. pp. 95,96. ISBN 978-1-4471-1122-1.
- Nikolantonakis, K (September 6–9, 2006), Weights and measures: The Greek efforts to integrate the metric system, Cracow, Poland: The Global and the Local: The History of Science and the Cultural Integration of Europe. Proceedings of the 2nd ICESHS, pp. 457–459
- Clarke, F.W. (1891). Weights Measures and Money of All Nations. New York: D. Appleton & Company. p. 39.