Gratin dauphinois

Gratin dauphinois
Gratin dauphinois
Alternative names
  • pommes de terre dauphinoise
  • potatoes à la dauphinoise
  • gratin de pommes à la dauphinoise
  • dauphinois potatoes
Course alone or as accompaniment
Place of origin France
Region or state Dauphiné
Serving temperature hot
Main ingredients potatoes, milk
Cookbook: Gratin dauphinois  Media: Gratin dauphinois

Gratin dauphinois is a French dish of sliced potatoes baked in milk, from the Dauphiné region in south-east France. There are many variants of the name of the dish, including pommes de terre dauphinoise, potatoes à la dauphinoise and gratin de pommes à la dauphinoise.[1]


The first mention of the dish is from 12 July 1788. It was served with ortolans at a dinner given by Charles-Henri, duke of Clermont-Tonnerre and Lieutenant-general of the Dauphiné, for the municipal officials of the town of Gap, now in the département of Hautes-Alpes.[2]


The gratin dauphinois is made with raw potatoes, thinly sliced, and milk, cooked in a buttered dish rubbed with garlic; for 1 kg of potatoes, about 600 ml of milk, 25 g of butter and a clove of garlic are needed. The potatoes are peeled and sliced to the thickness of a coin, preferably with a mandoline; they are layered in a shallow earthenware dish and cooked in a slow oven, at about 150 °C (300 °F), for more than an hour; the heat is raised for the last 10 minutes of the cooking time.[3][4]

Recipes given by many authorities including Auguste Escoffier and Austin de Croze call for the addition of cheese and eggs to the dish;[3] Robert Carrier and Constance Spry give recipes including these additions.[5][6]

The dish is distinguished from gratin savoyard by not including cheese, and from ordinary gratin potatoes by the use of raw rather than boiled potatoes.[7] It is a quite different dish from pommes dauphine.[3]

See also


  1. Prosper Montagné (1977) New Larousse Gastronomique. London; New York; Sydney: Toronto: Hamlyn. ISBN 0 600 36545 X. p. 725.
  2. Claude Muller (2001) Les mystères du Dauphiné (in French). Clermont-Ferrand: Éditions de Borée. ISBN 978-2-84494-086-5. p. 242.
  3. 1 2 3 Elizabeth David (1964 [1960]) French Provincial Cooking. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 251–2.
  4. Elizabeth Luard (1986) European Peasant Cookery London: Corgi. p. 337.
  5. Robert Carrier (1963) Great Dishes of the World. London: Nelson. p. 725.
  6. Constance Spry; Rosemary Hume (1979 [1956]) The Constance Spry Cookery Book. London: Pan Books. p. 207.
  7. Elvia Firuski; Maurice Firuski (eds.) (1952) The Best of Boulestin. London: William Heinemann. p. 249.
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