Graeco-Phrygian

Graeco-Phrygian
Greco-Phrygian
Geographic
distribution
Linguistic classification Indo-European
  • Graeco-Phrygian
Subdivisions
Glottolog grae1234[1]

Graeco-Phrygian (/ˌɡrkˈfrɪiən/) is a hypothetical branch of the Indo-European language family with two branches in turn: Greek and Phrygian. Greek has also been variously grouped with Armenian (Graeco-Armenian; Graeco-Aryan), Ancient Macedonian (Graeco-Macedonian) and, more recently, Messapian. Some or all of these, with the exception of Armenian, are sometimes (tentatively) classified under "Hellenic"; at other times, Hellenic is posited to consist of only Greek. The linguist Václav Blažek says that, in regard to the classification of these languages, their surviving texts—because of their scarcity and/or their nature—cannot be quantified.[2]

The linguist Claude Brixhe points to the following features Greek and Phrygian are known to have in common and in common with no other language:[3]

References

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Graeco-Phrygian". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. Blažek (2005, p. 6)
  3. Brixhe (2008)

Bibliography

Further reading

  • Blažek, Václav (2005). "Paleo-Balkanian Languages I: Hellenic Languages" (PDF). Sborník prací Filozofické fakulty brněnské univerzity. 10. Brno: Masarykova univerzita. pp. 15–33. ISBN 80-210-3784-9. 
  • Brixhe, Claude (2002). "Interactions between Greek and Phrygian under the Roman Empire". In Adams, J. N.; Janse, Mark. Bilingualism in Ancient Society: Language Contact and the Written Text. Oxford University Press. pp. 246–266. 
  • Fortson, Benjamin W. (2011). Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction (2nd ed.). Blackwell. pp. 203, 252. 
  • Masson, Olivier (1991). "Anatolian Languages". In Boardman, John; Edwards, I. E. S. The Cambridge Ancient History. Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–9. 
  • Woudhuizen, Fred C. (2008–2009). "Phrygian & Greek" (PDF). Talanta, Proceedings of the Dutch Archaeological and Historical Society. 40–41. pp. 181–217. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2014. 


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