Governorates of Iraq

Iraqi Governorates
المحافظات العراقية (Arabic)
پارێزگاکانی عێراق (Kurdish)
Also known as:
Muḥāfażah
محافظة (Arabic)
پارێزگا Parêzgeha
Category Federated state
Location Republic of Iraq
Number 19 governorates
Populations 220,000 (Halabja) – 7,055,200 (Baghdad)
Areas 529 km2 (204.2 sq mi) (Baghdad) – 138,500 km2 (53,476 sq mi) (Al Anbar)
Government Governorate
Subdivisions Districts
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iraq
Constitution

Iraq presently consists of 19 governorates (muḥāfażah in Arabic, parêzga in Kurdish), also known as "provinces". As per the Iraqi constitution, three or more governorates can join to form an autonomous region. Baghdad and Basra are the oldest standing administrative regions of Iraq while In 2014 the decision was made to create the Halabja Governorate out of the Halabja District of Sulaymaniyah Governorate.[1][2]

On 21 January 2014, the Council of Ministers of the Government of Iraq approved in principle proposals to create more governorates.[3] The Council announced that two new governorates Tal Afar and Tuz Khurmatu would be formed from the current Nineveh Governorate and Saladin Governorate, respectively.[4] It was also announced that the city of Fallujah of the Al Anbar Governorate would become a separate governorate,[3] which was announced in response to a Sunni Islamist uprising in the city.

Governorates

The governorates
Governorate Postal codeISO code Total area
in miles2
Total area
in km2
Population
7 January 2011
Capital
Al Anbar 31AN 53,476 138,501 1,561,400 Ramadi
Babil 51BB 1,976 5,603 1,820,700 Hillah
Baghdad 10BG 78.84 204.2 7,055,200 Baghdad
Basra 61BA 7,360 19,070 2,532,000 Basra
Dhi Qar 64DQ 5,000 12,900 1,836,200 Nasiriyah
Al-Qādisiyyah 58QA 3,148 8,153 1,134,300 Al Diwaniyah
Diyala 32DI 6,828 17,685 1,443,200 Baqubah
Dohuk 42DA 2,530 6,553 1,128,700 Dohuk
Erbil 44AR 5,820 15,074 1,612,700 Erbil
Halabja 46 1,180 3,060 337,000 Halabja
Karbala 56KA 1,944 5,034 1,066,600 Karbala
Kirkuk 36KI 3,737 9,679 1,395,600 Kirkuk
Maysan 62MA 6,205 16,072 971,400 Amarah
Muthanna 66MU 19,980 51,740 719,100 Samawah
Najaf 54NA 11,129 28,824 1,285,500 Najaf
Nineveh 41NI 14,410 37,323 3,270,400 Mosul
Saladin 34SD 9,556 24,751 1,408,200 Tikrit
Sulaymaniyah 46SU 6,573 17,023 1,878,800 Sulaymaniyah
Wasit 52WA 6,623 17,153 1,210,600 Kut

Previous governorates

Governorate Now part of
Mosul Nineveh Governorate
Dohuk Governorate
Diwaniya Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate
Muthanna Governorate
Najaf Governorate
Dulaim (–1962)
Ramadi (1962–1976)
Al Anbar Governorate
Muntafiq (–1976) Dhi Qar Governorate
Amara (–1976) Maysan Governorate
Kut (–1976) Wasit Governorate
Baghdad Baghdad Governorate
Saladin Governorate
Kikuk (–1976)
At-Ta'mim (1976–2006)
Kirkuk Governorate

Formerly claimed governorates

See also

References

  1. "KRG order turning Halabja into province sets off street celebrations". Rudaw. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  2. "Kurdistan Region President signs Halabja province directive". Kurdistan Region Presidency. 16 March 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  3. 1 2 "Resolutions of Council of Ministers For Session No. 3 on 21/1/2014". 21 January 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  4. "Iraqi Council of Ministers approved new provinces of Tuz Khurmatu and Tal Afar". Kurd Net. 21 January 2014. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
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