Government of Puducherry
Government of Puducherry is a democratically elected body that governs the Union Territory of Puducherry, India. It is headed by the Lieutenant Governor of Puducherry as its nominal head, with a democratically elected Chief Minister as real head of the executive. Its capital is located at Pondicherry. (Other union territories doesn't have an elected government and legislative assembly. Puducherry and National Capital Territory of Delhi are the two territories which have democratically elected governments like Indian states.)
Government and administration
The Lt. Governor is appointed by the President for a term of five years. The executive and legislative powers lie with the Chief Minister and his council of ministers, who are appointed by the President. The Governors of the states and territories of India have similar powers and functions at the state level as that of the President of India at Union level. Only Indian citizens above 35 years of age are eligible for appointment. Governors discharge all constitutional functions such as the appointment of the Chief Minister, sending reports to the President about failure of constitutional machinery in a state, or with respect to issues relating to the assent to a bill passed by legislature, exercise or their own opinion.
Kiran Bedi is the present governor. The Governor enjoys many different types of powers:
- Executive powers related to administration, appointments and removals.
- Legislative powers related to lawmaking and the state legislature.
- Discretionary powers to be carried out according to the discretion of the Governor.
The legislature comprises the governor and the legislative assembly, which is the highest political organ in state. The governor has the power to summon the assembly or to close the same. All members of the legislative assembly are directly elected, normally once in every five years by the eligible voters who are above 18 years of age. The current assembly consists of 30 elected members and one member nominated by the governor from the Anglo-Indian Community. The elected members select one of its own members as its chairman who is called the speaker. The speaker is assisted by the deputy speaker who is also elected by the members. The conduct of meeting in the house is the responsibility of the Speaker.
The main function of the assembly is to pass laws and rules. Every bill passed by the house has to be finally approved by the governor before it becomes applicable.
The normal term of the legislative assembly is five years from the date appointed for its first meeting. But while a proclamation of state of emergency is in operation, the said period will be extended by Parliament by Laws for a period not exceeding one year at a time.
The last assembly election took place in 2011.
The Madras High Court is the court for this territory, which is the same for Tamil Nadu. It is a court of record and has all the powers of such a court including the authority to punish an individual for contempt of court. Like all other High Courts of India, this court also consists of a Chief Justice and other judges who are appointed by the President of India. Every judge including the Chief Justice is appointed by the President of India by Warrant under his hand and seal. Every permanent and additional judge will continue in office until the age of 62.
Like in other Indian states, the Executive arm of the state is responsible for the day-to-day management of the state. It consists of the Governor, the Chief Minister and the Council of Ministers. The Chief Minister and the council of ministers also have been appointed by the governor. Governor summons prorogues and dissolves the legislature. He can close the legislative assembly on the recommendations by the Chief Minister. Judiciary has been separated from the executive in Pondicherry like other Indian states.
The executive authority is headed by the Chief Minister of Pondicherry, who is the de facto head of the territory and is vested with most of the executive powers; the Legislative Assembly's majority party leader is appointed to this position by the President. The ex-Chief Minister was N. Rangaswamy. Generally, the winning party decides the chief minister. In many cases, the party focuses a chief ministerial candidate during the election.
- Accounts and Treasuries
- Adi Dravidar Welfare
- Animal Husbandry
- Arts & Culture
- Chief Vigilance Office
- Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs
- Commercial Taxes
- Co-operative Societies
- Economics & Statistics
- Fire Service
- Fisheries & Fishermen Welfare
- Forestry & Wild Life
- Government Automobile Workshop
- Health & Family Welfare Services
- Higher & Technical Education
- Hindu Religious Institutions
- Industries & Commerce
- Information & Publicity
- Information Technology
- Local Administration
- Personnel and Administrative Reforms
- Planning & Research
- Public Works
- Revenue and Disaster Management
- Rural Development
- School Education
- Science, Technology & Environment
- Social Welfare
- Stationery & Printing
- Town and Country Planning
- Women & Child Development
Pondicherry is a Union territory currently ruled by the Indian National Congress and Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam alliance. The state assembly has 33 seats out of which 30 are elected by the people. The Indian National Congress has 15 seats and its alliance partner Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam has 2 seats, thus taking the government's majority to 17 seats. All India N. R. Congress is the main opposition party with 8 seats.