Gorj County

Gorj County
Județul Gorj
County

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 45°02′N 23°18′E / 45.04°N 23.3°E / 45.04; 23.3Coordinates: 45°02′N 23°18′E / 45.04°N 23.3°E / 45.04; 23.3
Country  Romania
Development region1 Sud-Vest
Historic region Oltenia
Capital city (Reşedinţă de judeţ) Târgu Jiu
Government
  Type County Board
  President of the County Board Ion Călinoiu
  Prefect2 Ştefan-Marian Popescu-Bejat
Area
  Total 5,602 km2 (2,163 sq mi)
Area rank 21st in Romania
Population (2002)
  Total 387,308
  Rank 28th in Romania
  Density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 21wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x534
Car Plates GJ5
GDP US$ 3.72 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 9.599 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1 The development regions of Romania have no administrative role and were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after his resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionaries' corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Gorj County (Romanian pronunciation: [ɡorʒ] ( listen)) is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in Oltenia, with its capital city at Târgu Jiu.

Demographics

In 2011, it had a population of 334,238 and its population density was 59.66/km².

Year County population[2]
1948 280,524
1956 293,031
1966 298,382
1977 348,521
1992 400,100
2002 387,308
2011 334,238

Geography

This county has a total area of 5,602 km².

The North side of the county consists of various mountains from the Southern Carpathians group. In the West there are the Vulcanului Mountains, and in the East there are the Parâng Mountains and the Negoveanu Mountains. The two groups are split by the Jiu River.

To the South, the heights decrease through the hills to a high plain at the Western end of the Romanian Plain.

The main river, which collects all the smaller rivers, is the Jiu River.

Neighbours

Economy

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Mining equipment industry.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Glass industry.
  • Wood industry.

In the North of the county coal is extracted, near Motru and Rovinari. There are two big thermo electrical power plants at Rovinari and Turceni, and some hydro-electrical power plants. The county is the biggest electricity producer in Romania with 36% af the country's electricity.

Due to the decrease in mining activity, the county has one of the highest unemployment levels in the country.

Tourism

The main touristical destinations are:

Politics

The Gorj County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 33 counselors, with the following party composition:[3]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 16                                
  National Liberal Party 9                                
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 3                                
  People's Movement Party 3                                
  Romanian Social Party 2                                

Administrative divisions

Gorj County has 2 municipalities, 7 towns and 61 communes

  • Municipalities
    • Motru- population: 18,142 (as of 2011)
    • Târgu Jiu – capital city; population: 78,553 (as of 2011)

Historical county

Județul Gorj
County (Județ)
The Gorj county Prefecture building of the interwar period.

Coat of arms
Country Romania
Historic region Oltenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Târgu Jiu
Area
  Total 4,579 km2 (1,768 sq mi)
Population (1930)
  Total 206,339
  Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Historically, the county was located in the southwestern part of Greater Romania, in the northern part of the historical region of Oltenia. Its capital was Târgu Jiu. The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Gorj County.

It was bordered to the west by Mehedinți County, to the north by the counties of Hunedoara and Sibiu, to the east by Vâlcea County, and to the south by Dolj County.

Administration

The county was originally divided into four administrative districts (plăṣi):[4]

  1. Plasa Gilort, headquartered at Gilort
  2. Plasa Jiu, headquartered at Jiu
  3. Plasa Novaci, headquartered at Novaci
  4. Plasa Vulcana, headquartered at Vulcana

Subsequently, two more districts were established:

  1. Plasa Amaradia, headquartered at Amaradia
  2. Plasa Ocolu, headquartered at Ocolul

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 206,339 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 97.9% Romanians, 1.7% Romanies, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.6% Eastern Orthodox, as well as other minorities.

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 13,030 inhabitants, comprising 90.0% Romanians, 4.6% Romanies, 1.1% Germans, 0.9% Hungarians, 0.8% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 95.8% Eastern Orthodox, 2.2% Roman Catholic, 0.8% Jewish, as well as other minorities.

References

  1. National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie" Archived 16 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002" Archived 22 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  4. Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Gorj
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