Google Dictionary

Google Dictionary
Logo of Google Search.
Screenshot
Google Dictionary service on Google Search
Type of site
Online dictionary
Available in Multiple languages
Owner Google
Website google.com/search?q=dictionary
Launched December 2009 (2009-12)
Content license
Copyright

Google Dictionary is an online dictionary service of Google that can be accessed by using the "define" operator and other similar phrases[note 1] in Google Search (also available in Google Translate).[2] The dictionary content is licensed from Oxford University Press's Oxforddictionaries.com.[3][4] It is available in different languages such as English, Spanish and French. The service also contains Google Translate, word origin chart, Ngram Viewer, and word games among other features for the English language version.[5][3] Originally available as a standalone service it was integrated into Google Search with the separate service being discontinued in August 2011.

Some words previously available in the English dictionary (and still available on Oxforddictionaries.com) have been removed from the service, entries for all proper nouns and entries with controversial definitions from Oxford have been removed.

Microsoft's Bing also provides a similar dictionary service which licences dictionary data from Oxford Dictionaries as well.[6][7] Apple also licences dictionary data from Oxford for its iOS and macOS products.[8]

History

The service originated in Google Translate, and was launched as a standalone service in December 2009.[9][10][11] Google displayed definitions from Collins COBUILD Advanced Learner's English Dictionary for English until August 2010.[10][12] when it switched to the Oxford American College Dictionary.[13]

After being integrated into Google Search the dictionary was discontinued as a separate service on August 5, 2011.[11][14] And can now be accessed by using the "define" operator or by simply searching for the meaning of a word.[2][14] The dictionary service is also still available in Google Translate and can be accessed by selecting a single word.[14]

As of 2018 Google licenses dictionary data from Oxforddictionaries.com for multiple languages such as British/American English, Spanish and French among others (see below).[4][3]

On Arabic Language Day (December 18) in 2015 Google added an Arabic language dictionary, available globally, to the service that showed definitions, translations, and example usages of the word in a sentence.[15]

In February 2017, online news website Daily Caller accused Google of changing the definition of the word "fascism" in Google Dictionary.[16] It was later found out that the definition was exactly from Oxford with no Google modifications.[17] Google eventually removed "fascism" and related entries like "alt right" from the Dictionary.[7] It has since added feedback options for the dictionary which includes reporting options for "wrong" and "offensive" definitions.[5] It also does not display definitions for proper nouns provided by Oxford Dictionaries, though Bing which also uses Oxford displays all included definitions.[7]

Google added a Hindi dictionary from Rajpal & Sons licensed via Oxford Dictionaries which also supported transliteration and translation to the service in April 2017.[18]

In July 2017, the dictionary was made directly available by typing "dictionary" in Google Search and additional features such as a search box, autocomplete and search history were also added.[19]

In January 2018, a "Similar-sounding words" feature was added to the English dictionary which highlights words that sound similar such as "aesthetic" and "ascetic", "pray" and "prey", "conscientious" and "conscious" etc.[20] "Google Word Coach" vocabulary game was made available along with dictionary searches and as a separate game on mobile devices in February 2018.[21] In August 2018, Google Search added an English and Hindi dictionary for mobile users in India with an option to switch to the English only dictionary.[22]

Languages

Google displays dictionaries for the following languages licensed from Oxford Dictionaries[4] which provides data from its own and other published dictionaries.

Language Dictionary Publisher Notes Example search[lower-alpha 1] Refs.
Arabic Available worldwide

Search operator: "ما معنى"

ما معنى ايان [15]
Simplified Chinese 现代汉语规范词典 [Xiandai Hanyu Guifan Cidian]

(The Standard Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese)

Oxford University Press

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

Available worldwide define 船 [lower-alpha 2]
American English New Oxford American Dictionary

Oxford Thesaurus of English

Oxford American Writer’s Thesaurus

Oxford University Press, Inc. Shown in North America define apple [7][23]

[24][lower-alpha 3]

British English Oxford Dictionary of English

Oxford Thesaurus of English

Oxford University Press Shown in rest of the world define apple [7][23]

[lower-alpha 4]

English-Hindi Oxford Wordpower Dictionary Oxford University Press Shown in India

(only on mobile devices)

define apple [22]

[lower-alpha 5]

French Le Petit Robert

Google Translate:

Multidictionnaire de la langue française[lower-alpha 6][lower-alpha 7]

Dictionnaires Le Robert

Google Translate:

Les Éditions Québec Amérique Inc.[lower-alpha 7]

Available worldwide define légende [lower-alpha 8]
German Duden Bibliographisches Institut GmbH Available worldwide define Kraus [lower-alpha 9]

[lower-alpha 10]

Hindi राजपाल हिन्दी शब्दकोश [Rajpal Hindi Shabdkosh]

(Rajpal Hindi Dictionary)

Rajpal & Sons Available worldwide

Supports transliteration

Operator: "ka matlab"/"ka arth"

chappal ka matlab [18][29]

[lower-alpha 11]

Italian Il Devoto–Oli Mondadori Education S.p.A. Available worldwide define attrezzo [lower-alpha 12]

[lower-alpha 13]

Japanese Available worldwide define こんにちは
Korean 뉴에이스 국어사전 [Nyueiseu Gug-eosajeon]

New Ace Korean Language Dictionary

DIOTEK Available worldwide define 한국어 [lower-alpha 14]
Portuguese Houaiss Dictionary of the Portuguese Language Editora Objetiva Available worldwide define alho [lower-alpha 15]

[lower-alpha 16]

Russian Dictionary of the Russian Language (Ozhegov) "Universe and Education" Publishing House Ltd. Available worldwide define ресторан [lower-alpha 17]

[lower-alpha 18]

Spanish Diccionario General de la Lengua Española Vox Larousse Editorial SL Available worldwide define trastienda [lower-alpha 19]
Thai พจนานุกรมไทย ฉบับทันสมัยและสมบูรณ์

[Phcnanukrm Thiy Chbab Thansmay

Laea Smburn] (Complete Thai Dictionary)

SE-Education Public Company Limited Available worldwide define ด [lower-alpha 20]
Turkish Arkadaş Türkçe Sözlük Arkadaş Publishing Ltd Available worldwide define iltifat [lower-alpha 21]

See details for Oxford Dictionaries dataset licensing for other languages here.[33]

See also

Notes

  1. Such as "meaning of [word]"; "spelling of [word]" etc. or simply "dictionary"[1][2]
  1. Google Search settings may need to be changed for some dictionaries to appear. Such as country change to a North American country for the American English dictionary or language change for French and Spanish dictionaries.
  2. Compare with the Chinese language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "现代汉语规范词典 / The Standard Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese. Copyright © 2010, 2013 Oxford University Press and Foreign Language Teaching and Research Publishing, Co., Ltd."[8]
  3. Compare with the American English dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "New Oxford American Dictionary. Copyright © 2010, 2016 by Oxford University Press, Inc."[8]
  4. Compare with the British English dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Oxford Dictionary of English. Copyright © 2010, 2016 by Oxford University Press."[8]
  5. Compare Google definition for "apple" to Oxford Wordpower: "a hard, round fruit with a smooth green, red or yellow skin "[25]
  6. Compare Google definition for "dictionnaire" to Multi: "Recueil des mots d’une ou de plusieurs langues et des informations s’y rapportant, présentés selon un certain ordre (alphabétique, thématique, systématique, etc.)."[26]
  7. 1 2 Compare with the French language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Multidictionnaire de la langue française. Copyright © 2012, 2014 Les Éditions Québec Amérique Inc., under licence to Oxford University Press."[8]
  8. Compare Google definition for "légende" to Petit Robert: "Récit populaire traditionnel, plus ou moins fabuleux"[27]
  9. Compare Google definition for "kraus" to Duden: "(von kürzerem Haar) sehr stark, in widerspenstig-spröder Weise gelockt, geringelt"[28]
  10. Compare with the German language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Wörterbuchsubstanz aus: Duden - Wissensnetz deutsche Sprache. Copyright © 2011, 2013 Bibliographisches Institut GmbH, under licence to Oxford University Press."[8]
  11. Compare with the Hindi language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "राजपाल हिन्दी शब्दकोश / Rajpal Hindi Dictionary. Copyright © 2011 Rajpal & Sons, under licence to Oxford University Press."[8]
  12. Compare Google definition for "attrezzo" to Devoto–Oli: "Ciascuno degli utensili o strumenti occorrenti a una determinata attività"[30]
  13. Compare with the Italian language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Un dizionario italiano da un affiliato di Oxford University Press. Copyright © 2005, 2013 Mondadori Education S.p.A., under licence to Oxford University Press. ... DictionaryIdentifier: com.apple.dictionary.it.Devoto-Oli"[8]
  14. Compare with the Korean language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "뉴에이스 국어사전 / New Ace Korean Language Dictionary. Copyright © 2012 DIOTEK, under licence to Oxford University Press."[8]
  15. Compare Google definition for "alho" to Houaiss Dictionary: "erva de até 60 cm (Allium sativum), com folhas lineares, flores brancas ou avermelhadas e cápsulas loculicidas"[31]
  16. Compare with the Portuguese language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Dicionário de Português licenciado para Oxford University Press. Copyright © 2012 Editora Objetiva, under licence to Oxford University Press."[8]
  17. Compare Google definition for "ресторан" to Explanatory Dictionary: "Род столовой (во 2 знач.) где подают кушанья, закуски, напитки, ви́на."[32]
  18. Compare with the Russian language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "С. И. Ожегов «Толковый словарь русского языка» / S.I. Ojegov: Explanatory Dictionary of the Russian Language. Copyright © 2012 "Universe and Education" Publishing House Ltd., under licence to Oxford University Press."[8]
  19. Compare with the Spanish language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Diccionario General de la Lengua Española Vox. Copyright © 2012, 2013 Larousse Editorial, S.L., under licence to Oxford University Press."[8]
  20. Compare with the Thai language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "พจนานุกรมไทย ฉบับทันสมัยและสมบูรณ์ / Complete Thai Dictionary. Copyright © 2009 Se-Education PLC, under licence to Oxford University Press."[8]
  21. Compare with the Turkish language dictionary included in Apple's OS' (which licenses dictionaries from Oxford as well): "Arkadaş Türkçe Sözlük. Copyright © 2012 Arkadaş Publishing LTD, under licence to Oxford University Press."[8]

References

  1. "Facts & info, dictionary, unit conversions, & more - Google Home Help". support.google.com. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  2. 1 2 3 "Google Search upgrades its dictionary card with a separate search box, autocomplete, and history". Android Police. 2017-07-21. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  3. 1 2 3 Dickson, Andrew (2018-02-23). "Inside the OED: can the world's biggest dictionary survive the internet?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2018-08-29. Google, which – through a deal with Oxford Dictionaries – offers thumbnail definitions, audio recordings of pronunciations, etymology, a graph of usage over time and translation facilities.
  4. 1 2 3 "Case study: Google". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  5. 1 2 "define apple - Google Search". google.com. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  6. "define apple". bing.com. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 apuw (June 17, 2018). "r/YouShouldKnow - YSK Google has removed definition entries from its dictionary". reddit. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 "Dictionaries available on OSX" (XML). mesu.apple.com. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  9. "Google quietly rolls out Dictionary [Updated]". LA Times Blogs - Technology. 2009-12-03. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
  10. 1 2 Brett Reynolds. "English, Jack". English-jack.blogspot.com. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  11. 1 2 "Google Dictionary Online". googledictionary.freecollocation.com. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  12. Alex Chitu. "Google Dictionary Has a New Content Provider". Google Operating System. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  13. Lew, Robert (17 December 2010). "Online dictionaries of English". Repozytorium Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza (AMUR). Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  14. 1 2 3 Chitu, Alex (5 August 2011). "No More Standalone Google Dictionary". googlesystem.blogspot.com. Retrieved 1 September 2018.
  15. 1 2 Masri, Zain (December 18, 2015). "يوم سعيد لليوم العالمي للغة العربية!" [Happy Arabic Language Day!]. Google Arabia Blog. Retrieved 2018-08-30. Starting today you can type in the words “ما معنى” followed by the word you want to define and access Arabic dictionary OneBox results. We expanded our dictionary search feature to all global Arabic users
  16. "Google Redefines The Word 'Fascism' To Smear Conservatives, Protect Liberal Rioters". Daily Caller. February 4, 2017. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  17. "Why are you not using the OXFORD DEFINITION FOR FACISM". productforums.google.com. May 4, 2017. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  18. 1 2 "Bringing down the language barriers - making the internet more inclusive". Official Google India Blog. April 25, 2017. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  19. "Google Search upgrades its dictionary card with a separate search box, autocomplete, and history". Android Police. 2017-07-21. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  20. "Google Adds 'Similar Sounding Words' to Dictionary Search Cards". Search Engine Journal. 2018-01-22. Retrieved 2018-09-02.
  21. "Google Word Coach tests your vocabulary knowledge in bite-sized questions". Android Police. 2018-02-26. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  22. 1 2 "Google Search in India starts showing dictionary definitions in both English and Hindi". Android Police. 2018-08-28. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  23. 1 2 "Help | Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  24. "Oxford Dictionaries content help - Oxford Dictionaries". oxforddictionaries.com. 2016-08-27. Archived from the original on August 27, 2016. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  25. "PET Result Student's Book" (PDF). carloscalahorrano27.files.wordpress.com. p. 32. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  26. "Pratique iOS 7 : Utiliser le dictionnaire en français et plus encore sur iPhone et iPad". iphon.fr (in French). Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  27. "Grèce : Les secrets du passé- La mythologie". museedelhistoire.ca.
  28. "Duden | kraus | Rechtschreibung, Bedeutung, Definition, Synonyme, Herkunft". duden.de (in German). Bibliographisches Institut GmbH. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  29. "Oxford Global Languages - के बारे में". Oxford Dictionaries | हिंदी. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
  30. "attrezzo - Dizionario italiano". WordReference.com (in Italian). 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  31. "Matizes Escondidos - UOL Blog". matizes.escondidos.zip.net. July 6, 2008. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  32. "Детские перлы, которые заставили родителей замешкаться [comment the blog]". umoritelno.com (in Russian). March 12, 2018. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  33. "Licensing". Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
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