German federal election, 1920

German federal election, 1920

6 June 1920 (1920-06-06)

All 459 seats in the Reichstag
230 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 79.2%

  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Hermann Müller Arthur Crispien Oskar Hergt
Party SPD USPD DNVP
Leader since 1919 1919 1920
Last election 165 seats 22 seats 44 seats
Seats won 102 84 71
Seat change 63 62 27
Popular vote 6,104,398 5,046,813 4,249,100
Percentage 21.7% 17.9% 15.1%
Swing 16.2% 10.3% 4.8%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Gustav Stresemann Karl Trimborn Carl Wilhelm Petersen
Party DVP Centre DDP
Leader since 1919 1919 1919
Last election 19 seats 91 seats 75 seats
Seats won 65 64 39
Seat change 46 27 36
Popular vote 3,919,446 3,845,001 2,333,741
Percentage 13.9% 13.6% 8.3%
Swing 9.5% 6.1% 10.3%

Composition of the Reichstag after the 1920 election.

Chancellor before election

Hermann Müller
SPD

Resulting Chancellor

Constantin Fehrenbach
Centre

Federal elections were held in Germany on 6 June 1920.[1] The Social Democratic Party remained the largest party in the Reichstag, although it lost over a third of its seats.[2] Voter turnout was 79.2%.[3]

Results

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party (SPD)6,104,39821.7102−63
Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD)5,046,81317.984+62
German National People's Party (DNVP)4,249,10015.171+27
German People's Party (DVP)3,919,44613.965+46
Centre Party3,845,00113.664−27
German Democratic Party (DDP)2,333,7418.339−36
Bavarian People's Party (BVP)1,173,3444.220New
Communist Party of Germany (KPD)589,4542.14New
German-Hanoverian Party (DHP)319,1081.15+4
Bavarian Peasants' League (BB)218,5960.840
Poland Party89,2280.30New
German Economic League for City and Country88,8000.30New
Christian People's Party65,2600.31New
Polish Catholic Party of Upper Silesia51,4370.20New
Schleswig-Holstein State Party25,9070.10New
German Social Party22,9580.10New
German Middle Class Party21,2550.10New
Lusatian People's Party8,0500.00New
German Socialist Party7,1860.00New
Reform Group6,8320.00New
Schleswig Club4,9660.00New
National Democratic People's Party4,0150.00New
Christian Social People's Party1,2190.00New
Independent Party1690.00New
German Economy and Labour Party430.00New
Upper Silesian Catholic People's Party60.00New
Invalid/blank votes267,249
Total28,463,581100459+36
Registered voters/turnout35,949,77479.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver, Gonschior.de
Popular Vote
SPD
21.65%
USPD
17.90%
DNVP
15.07%
DVP
13.90%
Zentrum
13.64%
DDP
8.28%
BVP
4.16%
KPD
2.09%
Other
3.31%
Reichstag seats
SPD
22.22%
USPD
18.30%
DNVP
15.47%
DVP
14.16%
Zentrum
13.94%
DDP
8.50%
BVP
4.36%
KPD
0.87%
Other
2.18%

References

  1. Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Nohlen & Stöver, p790
  3. Nohlen & Stöver, p776
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