German election and referendum, 1938

German election
and referendum, 1938

10 April 1938

All 813 seats in the Reichstag
407 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 99.50% 0.5 pp

  Majority party
 
Leader Adolf Hitler
Party NSDAP
Leader since 29 July 1921
Last election 741 seats, 98.80%
Seats won 813 (Sole legal party)
Seat change 72
Popular vote 48,751,587
Percentage 98.93%
Swing 0.13%

Chancellor before election

Adolf Hitler
NSDAP

Subsequent
Chancellor

Adolf Hitler
NSDAP

Parliamentary elections were held in Germany (including recently annexed Austria) on 10 April 1938.[1] They were the final elections to the Reichstag during Nazi rule and took the form of a single-question referendum asking whether voters approved of a single list of Nazis and pro-Nazi "guest" candidates for the 813-member Reichstag as well as the recent annexation of Austria (the Anschluss). Turnout in the election was officially 99.5% with 98.9% voting "yes".[2] In Austria official figures claimed 99.73% voted in favour with a turnout of 99.71%.

The elections were held largely to rally official support from the new Ostmark (Austrian) province, although further elections for 41 seats were held in the recently annexed Sudetenland on 4 December.[1] NSDAP candidates and "guests" officially received 97.32% of the votes.[3]

The new Reichstag, the last of the German Reich, convened for the first time on 30 January 1939, electing a presidium headed by incumbent President of the Reichstag Hermann Göring. It convened only a further seven times, the last on 26 July 1942. On 25 January 1943, Hitler postponed elections for a new Reichstag until after the war, with the inaugural to take place after another electoral term, subsequently on 30 January 1947—by which point the body, and the Nazi state, had ceased to exist. They were the final elections held in a unified Germany prior to 1990 after German reunification.[4]

Results

Germany

Party Votes % Seats
National Socialist German Workers Party (including blank votes)44,451,09299.01813
Against443,0230.91
Invalid69,8900.08
Total44,964,005100813
Registered voters/turnout45,149,95299.59
Source: Direct Democracy

Austria

Choice Votes %
For4,453,91299.73
Against11,9290.27
Invalid/blank votes5,777
Total4,471,618100
Registered voters/turnout4,484,61799.71
Source: Direct Democracy

Sudetenland

Party Votes % Seats
National Socialist German Workers Party2,464,68198.6841
Against32,9231.32
Invalid/blank votes
Total2,497,60410041
Registered voters/turnout2,532,86398.90
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References

  1. 1 2 Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Nohlen & Stöver, p779
  3. Zimmermann, Volker: Die Sudetendeutschen im NS-Staat. Politik und Stimmung der Bevölkerung im Reichsgau Sudetenland (1938–1945). Essen 1999. ISBN 3-88474-770-3
  4. Max Domarus (2007) The Essential Hitler: Speeches and Commentary, Bolchazy-Carducci, p292


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