General Assembly of the Organization of American States

The General Assembly is the supreme decision-making body of the Organization of American States (OAS).

The General Assembly came into being as a part of the restructuring of the OAS that took place following adoption of the Protocol of Buenos Aires (signed 27 February 1967; in force as of 12 March 1970), which contained extensive amendments to the Organization's Charter. Prior to these changes, the OAS's top body was the Inter-American Conference, which in turn was the successor to the International Conference of American States.

The Charter requires that the General Assembly convene once every year in a regular session. In special circumstances, and with the approval of two-thirds of the member states, the Permanent Council can convene special sessions.

The Organization's member states take turns hosting the General Assembly on a rotating basis. The states are represented at its sessions by their chosen delegates: generally, their ministers of foreign affairs, or their appointed deputies. Each state has one vote, and most matters – except for those for which the Charter or the General Assembly's own rules of procedure specifically require a two-thirds majority – are settled by a simple majority vote.

The General Assembly's powers include setting the OAS's general course and policies by means of resolutions and declarations; approving its budget and determining the contributions payable by the member states; approving the reports and previous year's actions of the OAS's specialized agencies; and electing members to serve on those agencies.

Regular sessions

RankHost CityHost CountryDate
1stSan José Costa Rica14–23 April 1971
2ndWashington, D.C. United States11–21 April 1972
3rdWashington, D.C. United States4–15 April 1973
4thAtlanta United States19 April – 1 May 1974
5thWashington, D.C. United States8–19 May 1975
6thSantiago Chile4–18 June 1976
7thSt. George's Grenada14–22 June 1977
8thWashington, D.C. United States21 June – 1 July 1978
9thLa Paz Bolivia22–31 October 1979
10thWashington, D.C. United States19–26 November 1980
11thCastries Saint Lucia2–11 December 1981
12thWashington, D.C. United States15–21 December 1982
13thWashington, D.C. United States14–18 November 1983
14thBrasília Brazil12–17 November 1984
15thCartagena Colombia5–9 December 1985
16thGuatemala City Guatemala11–15 November 1986
17thWashington, D.C. United States9–14 November 1987
18thSan Salvador El Salvador14–19 November 1988
19thWashington, D.C. United States13–18 November 1989
20thAsunción Paraguay4–8 June 1990
21stSantiago Chile3–8 June 1991
22ndNassau Bahamas18–23 May 1992
23rdManagua Nicaragua7–11 June 1993
24thBelém Brazil6–10 June 1994
25thMontrouis Haiti5–9 June 1995
26thPanama City Panama3–7 June 1996
27thLima Peru1–5 June 1997
28thCaracas Venezuela1–3 June 1998
29thGuatemala City Guatemala6–8 June 1999
30thWindsor, Ontario Canada4–6 June 2000
31stSan José Costa Rica3–5 June 2001
32ndBridgetown Barbados2–4 June 2002
33rdSantiago Chile8–10 June 2003
34thQuito Ecuador6–8 June 2004
35thFort Lauderdale United States5–7 June 2005
36thSanto Domingo Dominican Republic4–6 June 2006
37thPanama City Panama3–5 June 2007
38thMedellín Colombia1–3 June 2008
39thSan Pedro Sula Honduras2–3 June 2009[1]
40thLima Peru6–8 June 2010
41stSan Salvador El Salvador5–7 June 2011
42ndCochabamba Bolivia3–5 June 2012[2]
43rdLa Antigua Guatemala4–6 June 2013[3]
44thAsunción Paraguay3–5 June 2014[4]
45thWashington, D.C. United States15–16 June 2015[5]
46thSanto Domingo Dominican Republic13–15 June 2016[6]
47thCancún Mexico18–21 June 2017[7]
48thWashington, D.C. United States4–5 June 2018[8]

References

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