Gau Magdeburg-Anhalt

Gau Magdeburg-Anhalt
Gau of Nazi Germany

 

1927–1945

Flag

Capital Dessau
Gauleiter
  19271935 Wilhelm Friedrich Loeper
  19351937 Joachim Albrecht (acting)
  19371945 Rudolf Jordan
History
  Establishment 1927
  Disestablishment 8 May 1945
Today part of  Germany

The Gau Magdeburg-Anhalt was an administrative division of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945 in the German state of Anhalt and the Prussian province of Saxony. Before that, from 1927 to 1933, it was the regional subdivision of the Nazi Party in that area.

History

The Nazi Gau (plural Gaue) system was originally established in a party conference on 22 May 1926, in order to improve administration of the party structure. From 1933 onwards, after the Nazi seizure of power, the Gaue increasingly replaced the German states as administrative subdivisions in Germany.[1]

At the head of each Gau stood a Gauleiter, a position which became increasingly more powerful, especially after the outbreak of the Second World War, with little interference from above. Local Gauleiter often held government positions as well as party ones and were in charge of, among other things, propaganda and surveillance and, from September 1944 onward, the Volkssturm and the defense of the Gau.[1][2]

The position of Gauleiter in Magdeburg-Anhalt was held by Wilhelm Friedrich Loeper from 1927 to 1935, followed by his deputy Joachim Albrecht, after Loeper's death from cancer, who run the Gau in an acting role from 1935 to 1937. Rudolf Jordan was the Gauleiter for the remainder of its history from 1937 to 1945.[3][4] Jordan was sentenced to 25 years prison in the Soviet Union after the war but released in 1955 and died in 1988.[5] He published his autobiography about his time as Gauleiter and in captivity which showed no indication that he was willing to take responsibility for the events in Nazi Germany.[6]

References

  1. 1 2 "Die NS-Gaue" [The Nazi Gaue]. dhm.de (in German). Deutsches Historisches Museum. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  2. "The Organization of the Nazi Party & State". nizkor.org. The Nizkor Project. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  3. "Übersicht der NSDAP-Gaue, der Gauleiter und der Stellvertretenden Gauleiter zwischen 1933 und 1945" [Overview of Nazi Gaue, the Gauleiter and assistant Gauleiter from 1933 to 1945]. zukunft-braucht-erinnerung.de (in German). Zukunft braucht Erinnerung. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  4. "Gau Magdeburg-Anhalt". verwaltungsgeschichte.de (in German). Retrieved 29 March 2016.
  5. Hüttenberger, Peter (1969). Die Gauleiter: Studie zum Wandel des Machtgefüges in der NSDAP [The Gauleiter: Study to the changes in the power structure of the Nazi Party] (in German). Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt. p. 215.
  6. "Jordan, Rudolf". uni-magdeburg.de (in German). University of Magdeburg. Retrieved 29 March 2016.

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