Garden County, Nebraska

Garden County, Nebraska
Garden County Courthouse in Oshkosh

Location in the U.S. state of Nebraska

Nebraska's location in the U.S.
Founded 1909
Seat Oshkosh
Largest city Oshkosh
  Total 1,731 sq mi (4,483 km2)
  Land 1,704 sq mi (4,413 km2)
  Water 27 sq mi (70 km2), 1.5%
  (2010) 2,057
  Density 1.2/sq mi (0.5/km2)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7/−6

Garden County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,057.[1] Its county seat is Oshkosh.[2]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Garden County is represented by the prefix 77 (it had the seventy-seventh-largest number of vehicles registered in the state when the license plate system was established in 1922).


Garden County was formed in 1909 by popular vote. Voters in the general election of November 2, 1909 approved making the northern part of Deuel County into its own county.[3] It is said the county was so named in the hope that this land should become the garden of the West or with allusion to the "Garden of Eden".[4]

The county has lost population since the Great Depression and Dust Bowl of the 1930s. The land was homesteaded for family farms that often turned out to be too small for subsistence farming under the arid conditions of the region. In the early decades of settlement by immigrants and migrants from the East, farmers did not know how to work the land on the prairies. Tons of topsoil were lost after droughts.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,731 square miles (4,480 km2), of which 1,704 square miles (4,410 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (1.5%) is water.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical population
Est. 20161,930[6]−6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 2,292 people, 1,020 households, and 658 families residing in the county. The population density was 1 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,298 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.34% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.52% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. 1.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 43.5% were of German, 10.0% Irish, 9.6% American and 9.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 1,020 households out of which 24.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.40% were non-families. 32.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.80% under the age of 18, 4.60% from 18 to 24, 22.70% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, and 24.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,458, and the median income for a family was $32,546. Males had a median income of $21,495 versus $17,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,414. About 10.80% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.00% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.


Like much of the Nebraska Panhandle, Garden County has been a Republican-leaning county since the late 20th century. It was one of only two counties that Ben Nelson failed to carry in 1994.[12] In Presidential elections the last Democratic candidate to carry the county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932.[13] As part of Nebraska's 3rd congressional district it has been represented by Republicans since 1961.




Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

See also


  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. Joseph Nathan Kane, The American Counties (4th Ed.), (The Scarecrow Press, 1983), p130, p479
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-20. Retrieved 2008-03-15. Retrieved on March 15, 2008.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  6. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  9. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. David Leip Electoral Atlas (Maps for Nebraska gubernatorial races)
  13. Geographie Electorale

Coordinates: 41°37′N 102°20′W / 41.62°N 102.34°W / 41.62; -102.34

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