Galbi-tang

Galbi-tang
Alternative names Short rib soup
Type Tang
Place of origin Korea
Main ingredients Short ribs
Cookbook: Galbi-tang  Media: Galbi-tang
Korean name
Hangul 갈비탕
Hanja --湯
Revised Romanization galbi-tang
McCune–Reischauer kalbi-t'ang
IPA [kal.bi.tʰaŋ]

Galbi-tang[1] (갈비탕) or short rib soup[1] is a variety of guk, or Korean soup, made primarily from beef short ribs along with stewing beef, radish, onions, and other ingredients. The short ribs, or "galbi" also refers to grilled short ribs in Korean barbecue while the suffix tang is another name for guk. Hence, the Korean name literally means "short ribs soup" and is also called garitang, or galitang. The clear and hearty soup is made by slowly simmering galbi in water for a long time[2] and is eaten as a meal.[3] It is similar to seolleongtang, a soup made from the bones of ox legs.[4][5]

Historical records on galbitang are found in records on table setting for Korean royal court banquets held in the 1890s. However, galbi was assumed to have been eaten since the end of the Goryeo Dynasty (918 – 1392).[4][5]

Galbitang has been a representative dish served at wedding receptions.[6]

Preparation

About five hours are needed to cook the whole dish. Slits are made in the top of the inner bones with a sharp knife before the ribs are cut to make the flesh separate easily from the prepared beef rib. The ribs are chopped into pieces of 5-6 cm in length, and a whole radish is inserted into a pot with water over a high heat at first. As time goes by, the heat is lowered to a medium temperature. Once the beef becomes soft after being simmered for about four to five hours, the radish is taken out of the pot. It is flatly sliced into a 3 cm length. The ribs are also taken out of the pot and seasoned with minced scallions, garlic, and pepper powder, sesame oil, a mixture of sesame and salt, and soy sauce. As the soup is chilled, fat floating on the surface is removed. The seasoned ribs and sliced radish are again put into the pot and are simmered one more time.[7]

See also

References

  1. 1 2 (in Korean) "주요 한식명(200개) 로마자 표기 및 번역(영, 중, 일) 표준안" [Standardized Romanizations and Translations (English, Chinese, and Japanese) of (200) Major Korean Dishes] (PDF). National Institute of Korean Language. 2014-07-30. Retrieved 2017-02-15. Lay summary.
  2. Wency Leung (March 5, 2009). "A taste of Korea". The Prague Post. Archived from the original on 2009-11-11.
  3. "Galbi-tang (beef short rib soup)". KBS.
  4. 1 2 "Korean Food: Soups". lifeinkorea. Archived from the original on 2009-02-20.
  5. 1 2 갈비탕 (in Korean). Nate / EncyKorea. Archived from the original on 2011-06-10.
  6. http://www.donga.com/fbin/output?search=1&n=199911070071
  7. "갈비탕 galbi tang / Short Rib Soup" (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
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