AliasesGABRR1, gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor rho1 subunit
External IDsMGI: 95625 HomoloGene: 20470 GeneCards: GABRR1
Gene location (Human)
Chr.Chromosome 6 (human)[1]
Band6q15Start89,177,501 bp[1]
End89,231,278 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
More reference expression data









RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC)Chr 6: 89.18 – 89.23 MbChr 4: 33.13 – 33.16 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit rho-1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GABRR1 gene.[5][6][7]

GABA is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain where it acts at GABA receptors, which are ligand-gated chloride channels. GABRR1 is a member of the rho subunit family.[7]

See also


  1. 1 2 3 GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000146276 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. 1 2 3 GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000028280 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. "Human PubMed Reference:".
  4. "Mouse PubMed Reference:".
  5. Cutting GR, Lu L, O'Hara BF, Kasch LM, Montrose-Rafizadeh C, Donovan DM, Shimada S, Antonarakis SE, Guggino WB, Uhl GR, et al. (May 1991). "Cloning of the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) rho 1 cDNA: a GABA receptor subunit highly expressed in the retina". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 88 (7): 2673–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.88.7.2673. PMC 51300. PMID 1849271.
  6. Cutting GR, Curristin S, Zoghbi H, O'Hara B, Seldin MF, Uhl GR (May 1992). "Identification of a putative gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor subunit rho2 cDNA and colocalization of the genes encoding rho2 (GABRR2) and rho1 (GABRR1) to human chromosome 6q14-q21 and mouse chromosome 4". Genomics. 12 (4): 801–6. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(92)90312-G. PMID 1315307.
  7. 1 2 "Entrez Gene: GABRR1 gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor, rho 1".

Further reading

  • Wang TL, Hackam A, Guggino WB, Cutting GR (1995). "A single histidine residue is essential for zinc inhibition of GABA rho 1 receptors". J. Neurosci. 15 (11): 7684–91. PMID 7472519. 
  • Hackam AS, Wang TL, Guggino WB, Cutting GR (1997). "The N-terminal domain of human GABA receptor rho1 subunits contains signals for homooligomeric and heterooligomeric interaction". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (21): 13750–7. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.21.13750. PMID 9153229. 
  • Kusama T, Hatama K, Sakurai M, et al. (1999). "Consensus phosphorylation sites of human GABA(c)/GABArho receptors are not critical for inhibition by protein kinase C activation". Neurosci. Lett. 255 (1): 17–20. doi:10.1016/S0304-3940(98)00696-X. PMID 9839716. 
  • Hanley JG, Koulen P, Bedford F, et al. (1999). "The protein MAP-1B links GABA(C) receptors to the cytoskeleton at retinal synapses". Nature. 397 (6714): 66–9. doi:10.1038/16258. PMID 9892354. 
  • Bailey ME, Albrecht BE, Johnson KJ, Darlison MG (1999). "Genetic linkage and radiation hybrid mapping of the three human GABA(C) receptor rho subunit genes: GABRR1, GABRR2 and GABRR3". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1447 (2–3): 307–12. doi:10.1016/S0167-4781(99)00167-0. PMID 10542332. 
  • Hanley JG, Jones EM, Moss SJ (2000). "GABA receptor rho1 subunit interacts with a novel splice variant of the glycine transporter, GLYT-1". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (2): 840–6. doi:10.1074/jbc.275.2.840. PMID 10625616. 
  • Filippova N, Sedelnikova A, Zong Y, et al. (2000). "Regulation of recombinant gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)(A) and GABA(C) receptors by protein kinase C". Mol. Pharmacol. 57 (5): 847–56. PMID 10779366. 
  • Billups D, Hanley JG, Orme M, et al. (2001). "GABAC receptor sensitivity is modulated by interaction with MAP1B". J. Neurosci. 20 (23): 8643–50. PMID 11102469. 
  • Wang QW, Li ZW, Wang F, Yang JQ (2002). "Modulation by divalent cations of GABA rho 1 receptor from human retina expressed in Xenopus oocytes". Biomed. Environ. Sci. 14 (4): 269–77. PMID 11862606. 
  • Sedelnikova A, Weiss DS (2002). "Phosphorylation of the recombinant rho1 GABA receptor". Int. J. Dev. Neurosci. 20 (3–5): 237–46. doi:10.1016/S0736-5748(02)00037-0. PMID 12175859. 
  • Torres VI, Weiss DS (2003). "Identification of a tyrosine in the agonist binding site of the homomeric rho1 gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor that, when mutated, produces spontaneous opening". J. Biol. Chem. 277 (46): 43741–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.M202007200. PMID 12226075. 
  • Croci C, Brändstatter JH, Enz R (2003). "ZIP3, a new splice variant of the PKC-zeta-interacting protein family, binds to GABAC receptors, PKC-zeta, and Kv beta 2". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (8): 6128–35. doi:10.1074/jbc.M205162200. PMID 12431995. 
  • Mungall AJ, Palmer SA, Sims SK, et al. (2003). "The DNA sequence and analysis of human chromosome 6". Nature. 425 (6960): 805–11. doi:10.1038/nature02055. PMID 14574404. 
  • Boué-Grabot E, Emerit MB, Toulmé E, et al. (2004). "Cross-talk and co-trafficking between rho1/GABA receptors and ATP-gated channels". J. Biol. Chem. 279 (8): 6967–75. doi:10.1074/jbc.M307772200. PMID 14660627. 
  • Martínez-Torres A, Miledi R (2004). "A single amino acid change within the ion-channel domain of the gamma-aminobutyric acid rho1 receptor accelerates desensitization and increases taurine agonism". Arch. Med. Res. 35 (3): 194–8. doi:10.1016/j.arcmed.2003.12.002. PMID 15163459. 
  • Sedelnikova A, Smith CD, Zakharkin SO, et al. (2005). "Mapping the rho1 GABA(C) receptor agonist binding pocket. Constructing a complete model". J. Biol. Chem. 280 (2): 1535–42. doi:10.1074/jbc.M409908200. PMID 15548535. 
  • Song XQ, Meng F, Ramsey DJ, et al. (2006). "The GABA rho1 subunit interacts with a cellular retinoic acid binding protein in mammalian retina". Neuroscience. 136 (2): 467–75. doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2005.08.018. PMID 16198491. 

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