Futian District

Futian
福田区
District
Futian CBD as viewed from Lianhuashan

Location within Shenzhen City
Futian
Location in Guangdong
Coordinates: 22°31′21″N 114°03′21″E / 22.52250°N 114.05583°E / 22.52250; 114.05583Coordinates: 22°31′21″N 114°03′21″E / 22.52250°N 114.05583°E / 22.52250; 114.05583
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
Sub-provincial city Shenzhen
Area
  Total 78.8 km2 (30.4 sq mi)
Population (2014)
  Total 1,357,100
  Density 17,000/km2 (45,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0755
Website archived link

Futian District (simplified Chinese: 福田区; traditional Chinese: 福田區; pinyin: Fútián Qū; Jyutping: fuk1tin4 keoi1) is one of seven districts comprising the city of Shenzhen, People's Republic of China. The district is home to the government and Municipal Committee of Shenzhen, as well as the central business district (CBD) of the city.

Name

There are two theories concerning the origin of the district's name:

  • From an inscription dating to the Song Dynasty (960–1297) which reads: "Lakes and mountains are blessed with fertile farmlands" (湖山拥福, 田地生辉; pinyin: Húshān yōng fú, tiándì shēng huī).
  • Written records show that people from Shangsha Village built houses in Songziling in 1192, and farmlands were cultivated in lattice shapes, which in Chinese is a homophone for "Futian" meaning "blessed fields".

History

Luohu District was established in April 1979, one month after Shenzhen was promoted to city status. Futian, and another area called Fucheng (附城), became communes within the Luohu District.

Futian became part of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone after it was designated in 1980. It then became a subdistrict under the district of Shangbu (上步).

Futian, along with Nanshan, was promoted to district status in October 1990. The Shangbu district, which had governed the Futian subdistrict the previous decade, became a part of the Futian district. The district government was established on Shennan Middle Road.

Rapid urbanization occurred in the late 20th century; the agricultural land which once made up a vast majority of Luohu had shrunk to an area of only 12.26 km2 (4.73 sq mi) by 2003.[1]

Economy

The Central Business District (CBD) of Shenzhen is a planned development project that began in the early 1990s. Located within the Futian district, it comprises an area of 607 hectares. The four sides of the district are delineated by Binhe Dadao, Lianhua Road, Xinzhou Road and Caitian Road.

Many office high-rises and government buildings are located in the CBD, some of which are prominent buildings in Shenzhen, such as the Shenzhen City Hall (Civic Centre), Shenzhen Library and Concert Hall, Shenzhen Development Bank building and the Shenzhen Convention and Exhibition Center. Located directly north of the CBD is Lianhuashan Park.

There are numerous skyscrapers in the CBD, including the SEG Tower, China Merchants Bank Tower, the twin towers of East Pacific Center, and the 600 m (1969 ft) Ping An Finance Centre, which is the second tallest building in China and the fourth tallest in the world.

Wal-Mart China has its headquarters in Towers 2 and 3 of SZITIC Square[note 1] in Futian District.[2]

The hotel chain Vienna Hotels formerly had its headquarters in Lüjing Garden,[note 2] Futian District.[3]

Subdistricts

NameChinese (S)Hanyu PinyinCanton RomanizationPopulation (2010)[4]Area (km2)
Shatou Subdistrict沙头街道Shātóu Jiēdàosa1 teo4 gai1 dou6226,06118.90
Nanyuan Subdistrict南园街道Nányuán Jiēdàonam4 yun4 gai1 dou6108,3983.00
Yuanling Subdistrict园岭街道Yuánlǐng Jiēdàoyun4 léng5 gai1 dou688,2613.67
Huafu Subdistrict华富街道Huáfù Jiēdàowa4 fu3 gai1 dou670,8345.75
Futian Subdistrict福田街道Fútián Jiēdàofug1 tin4 gai1 dou6234,86112.25
Xiangmihu Subdistrict香蜜湖街道Xiāngmìhú Jiēdàohêng1 med6 wu4 gai1 dou689,4719.98
Lianhua Subdistrict莲花街道Liánhuā Jiēdàolin4 fa1 gai1 dou6168,3929.60
Meilin Subdistrict梅林街道Méilín Jiēdàomui4 lem4 gai1 dou6168,50634.30
Huaqiangbei Subdistrict华强北街道Huáqiángběi Jiēdàowa4 kêng4 beg1 gai1 dou654,0672.90
Fubao Subdistrict福保街道Fúbǎo Jiēdàofug1 bou2 gai1 dou6106,8113.75

Transport

Shenzhen Metro

Futian is currently served by seven metro lines operated by Shenzhen Metro. These lines and their stations and connections are:

Shopping centres

Central Walk Shopping Mall (中心城)

The mall is located at the Convention and Exhibition Center metro station and features three levels of shopping, entertainment and dining.

Coco Park (购物公园)

Coco Park is an upscale retail complex in Futian Central Business District. Aside from a shopping mall, it also features a popular street bar, large open public spaces and restaurants.

Huaqiangbei

Huaqiangbei is known for its electronics market, the largest of its kind in China. It also offers a variety of men's and women's fashions, shoes, bags and leather goods.

Education

There are now 83 schools delivering primary and secondary education holding 111,982 students and 11,503 teaching staff. Futian is also home to 140 kindergartens.

Secondary schools

International schools

QSI International School of Shenzhen previously had a campus in Honeylake, Futian District, adjacent to the Shenzhen Celebrities Club.[5][6]

Higher education

Futian District is the location of the University of Hong Kong–Shenzhen Hospital, a municipally-funded public teaching hospital.

Immigration port of entry

One of the immigration control points that lies within Futian is known as the Futian Port. Its counterpart in Hong Kong is Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Control Point, connected through a pedestrian bridge. The port is served by Futian Checkpoint Station on the Shenzhen Metro, itself being located within the port building.

Another immigration checkpoint is located 150 m east of Futian Port. This is the only one of the six immigration checkpoints between Shenzhen and Hong Kong that is open 24 hours. The crossing is highway-only and used mostly by trucks and busses, with the mainland and Hong Kong crossings being on opposite sides of a bridge over the Shenzhen River. Its counterpart in Hong Kong is Lok Ma Chau Control Point. It also marks the terminus of the G4 Beijing–Hong Kong–Macau Expressway.

See also

Notes

  1. 深国投广场; 深國投廣場; Shēnguótóu Guǎngchǎng; sam1 gwok3 tau4 gwong2 coeng4
  2. 绿景花园; 綠景花園; Lǜjǐng Huāyuán; luk6 ging2 faa1 jyun4*2

References

  1. http://www.liuxue360.com/ca/city/futianqu/ftqlsyg.html
  2. "Wal-Mart China Home Office ." Wal-Mart China. Retrieved on September 30, 2016. "Address: 2-5/F, Tower 2 and 1-12/F, Tower 3, SZITIC Square, 69 Nonglin Road, Futian District, Shenzhen" - Chinese address: "地 址: 深圳市福田区农林路69号深国投广场二号楼2-5层及三号楼1-12层"
  3. "联系方式." Vienna Hotels. Retrieved on October 24, 2012. "总 部 总部地址:深圳市福田区福强路绿景花园首层"
  4. shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the People's Republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  5. "Shenzhen Home" (). Quality Schools International. August 2, 2009. Retrieved on May 15, 2016.
  6. "School Contact Info" (). QSI International School of Shenzhen. August 16, 2009. Retrieved on May 15, 2016. "8063 Hongli West Road Futian District, Shenzhen Guangdong, P.R. China"

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