Fried ice cream
|Main ingredients||Ice cream|
There are conflicting stories about the dessert's origin. Some claim that it was first served during the 1893 Chicago World's Fair, where the ice cream sundae was also invented. Though in 1894, a Philadelphia company was given credit for its invention describing: "A small, solid [cake] of the ice cream is enveloped in a thin sheet of pie crust and then dipped into boiling lard or butter to cook the outside to a crisp. Served immediately, the ice cream is found to be as solidly frozen as it was first prepared." A third claim, beginning in the 1960s proposes that fried ice cream was invented by Japanese tempura restaurants. In the late 1960s, critic Cooper Adams refused to believe in the dish’s existence until the moment it was placed in front of him.
In the United States, fried ice cream has been associated with Asian cuisine, appearing in reviews of Chinese, Japanese, and Polynesian restaurants in the "Dining Out" section of the New York Times in the 1970s. It also came to be associated with Mexican cuisine, in large part due to national chain Chi-Chi's adopting a fried ice cream made with tortillas and cinnamon as its "signature dessert" when it opened in the early 1980s. The connection with Asian cuisine is also reflected in Australia.
The dessert is commonly made by taking a scoop of ice cream frozen well below the temperature at which ice cream is generally kept, possibly coating it in raw egg, rolling it in cornflakes or cookie crumbs, and briefly deep frying it. The extremely low temperature of the ice cream prevents it from melting while being fried. It may be sprinkled with cinnamon and sugar and a touch of peppermint, though whipped cream or honey may be used as well.
The Asian recipe usually uses tempura batter. Mexican versions use corn flakes, nuts, cookie crumbs, or tortillas for coating. Common flavors in Asian restaurants are green tea, vanilla, taro and red bean.
The British film Comfort and Joy portrays the feud between two ice-cream sellers who end up joining forces in a new venture to sell "frosty hots" or deep-fried ice cream. The film gives the origin of the fritters to an ancient Chinese recipe.
- Kobren, Gerri (24 May 1983). "Ice cream can be made even better". The Courrier. Prescott, Arizona, USA. p. 13. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
- "Fried Ice-Cream, A Philadelphia Fad". Chicago Daily Tribune. Chicago, Illinois, USA. ProQuest Historical Newspapers Chicago Tribune (1849 - 1987). 14 April 1894. p. 16.
- "Fried Ice Cream". Big Timber Express. Big Timber, Montana. Google News. 22 January 1898. p. 4. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
- Edson, Peter (24 March 1961). "Tidbits Picked up in Japan -- Some without Chopsticks". The Times-News. Hendersonville, North Carolina. Google News. p. 15. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
- "Food Critic". p. 1.
- Grigoraci, Judy (28 August 2002). "Fried Pride". Charleston Gazette. Charleston, West Virginia, USA. LexisNexis Academic. pp. 3D.
- The Food Timeline, history notes on the origins of fried ice cream