Francis North, 1st Earl of Guilford

Francis North, 1st Earl of Guilford (13 April 1704 – 4 August 1790), known as The Lord Guilford between 1729 and 1752, was a British peer and politician.

North was the son of Francis North, 2nd Baron Guilford, and his wife Alicia (née Brownlow). He was returned to Parliament for Banbury in 1727, a seat he held until 1729, when he succeeded his father as third Baron Guilford and entered the House of Lords. In 1734 he succeeded his cousin as seventh Baron North and in 1752 he was created Earl of Guilford in the Peerage of Great Britain.

Lord Guilford married firstly Lady Lucy, daughter of George Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, in 1728. After her death in 1734 he married secondly Elizabeth, daughter of Arthur Kaye, 3rd Baronet, in 1736. After her death in 1745 he married thirdly Catherine, daughter of Robert Furnese, 2nd Baronet, in 1751.[1] She died in 1776. Lord Guilford survived his third wife by fourteen years and died in August 1790, aged 86. He was succeeded by his son from his first marriage, Frederick, who had previously served as Prime Minister of Great Britain from 1770 to 1782. His stepson Lord Dartmouth also served in government.

The Lord Guilford is the namesake of Guilford County, North Carolina.[2]


  1. Hasted, Edward (1798). "Parishes". The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent. Institute of Historical Research. 6: 499–531. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  2. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 146.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Monoux Cope
Member of Parliament for Banbury
Succeeded by
Toby Chauncy
Court offices
Preceded by
Andrew Stone
Treasurer to Queen Charlotte
Title next held by
The Earl of Ailesbury
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Earl of Guilford
Succeeded by
Frederick North
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Francis North
Baron Guilford
Succeeded by
Frederick North
Preceded by
William North
Baron North

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