Forrest City, Arkansas
|Forrest City, Arkansas|
|Motto(s): One Forrest City, moving forward, one step at a time|
Location of Forrest City in St. Francis County, Arkansas.
|Coordinates: 35°0′36″N 90°47′19″W / 35.01000°N 90.78861°WCoordinates: 35°0′36″N 90°47′19″W / 35.01000°N 90.78861°W|
|• Mayor||Larry S. Bryant|
|• Total||16.46 sq mi (42.62 km2)|
|• Land||16.39 sq mi (42.46 km2)|
|• Water||0.07 sq mi (0.17 km2)|
|Elevation||253 ft (77 m)|
|• Estimate (2017)||14,291|
|• Density||871.83/sq mi (336.60/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0083152|
Forrest City is a city in St. Francis County, Arkansas, United States, and the county seat. It was named for General Nathan Bedford Forrest, who used the location as a campsite for a construction crew completing a railroad between Memphis and Little Rock, shortly after the Civil War. The population was 15,371 at the 2010 census, an increase from 14,774 in 2000. The city refers to itself as the "Jewel of the Delta".
On October 13, 1827, St. Francis County, located in the east central part of Arkansas, was officially organized by the Arkansas Territorial Legislature in Little Rock. Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest became interested in the area around Crowley's Ridge during the Civil War. In 1866 General Forrest and C. C. McCreanor contracted to finish the Memphis & Little Rock Railroad from Madison located on the St. Francis River to DeValls Bluff on the west bank of the White River. The route traversed the challenging Crowley's Ridge and L'Anguille River bottoms. The first trains came through in 1868.
General Forrest later built a commissary on Front Street. Colonel V.B. Izard began the task of designing the town at the same time. Most residents were calling the area "Forrest's Town," later to be known as Forrest City, incorporated May 11, 1870. The county seat was initially located in the now defunct town of Franklin until 1840 when it was moved to Madison. In 1855 it was moved to Mount Vernon where the court house burned in 1856 destroying county records prompting a move back to Madison. The county seat was moved to a wooden structure in Forrest City in 1874, which burned shortly thereafter, again destroying county records.
Evidence that giant mastodons roamed the slope was revealed in 1949 when workmen excavating for sewer improvements found bones of the massive beasts within the city limits.
Forrest City High School held its first integrated prom in 1988. After school integration was ordered in the mid-1960s, Forrest City eliminated school-sponsored dances and social activities. For 23 years, social clubs and individual families had organized a racially segregated prom.
Forrest City is located at 35°0′36″N 90°47′19″W / 35.01000°N 90.78861°W (35.010131, -90.788716). Technically Forrest City is in northeast Arkansas using standard navigational methods.. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.3 square miles (42 km2), of which 16.2 square miles (42 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.37%) is water.
Forrest City is located on Crowley's Ridge, a geological phenomenon that rises above the flat Mississippi Delta terrain that surrounds it. This north-south running highland is some three miles wide and 300 feet above sea level. Several species of trees not indigenous to Arkansas are found here, including beech, butternut, sugar maple, and cucumber trees.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,774 people, 4,581 households, and 3,165 families residing in the city. The population density was 908.7 people per square mile (350.8/km²). There were 5,164 housing units at an average density of 317.6 per square mile (122.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 35.52% White, 60.93% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.30% from other races, and 2.31% from two or more races. 8.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 4,581 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.2% were married couples living together, 28.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 116.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 121.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,111, and the median income for a family was $27,432. Males had a median income of $29,313 versus $21,295 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,716. About 29.0% of families and 33.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.9% of those under age 18 and 22.3% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
The United States Postal Service operates the Forrest City Post Office.
Woodruff Electric Cooperative, a non-profit rural electric utility cooperative, is headquartered in Forrest City.
The Forrest City Chamber of Commerce is located in the 100-year-old Becker House. This house has served a variety of functions since being sold by the Becker family. It was an antique store and later a home furnishings boutique before being occupied by the Chamber.
Forrest City had five sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places including:
- Little Buddy Doyle, blues guitarist, singer and songwriter.
- Lewis P. Featherstone, Labor Party U.S. Representative from Arkansas.
- Al Green, singer and minister.
- Willie Hale, Rhythm and Blues guitarist, singer and songwriter.
- John W. Henry, principal owner of the Boston Red Sox.
- Mark W. Izard, 3rd Governor of the Nebraska Territory; moved to Forrest City.
- Jason Jones, professional football player.
- Don Kessinger, born in Forrest City, professional baseball player and manager.
- Albert King, blues artist who spent much of childhood and early professional career in Forrest City.
- Henry Loeb, mayor of Memphis, Tennessee; moved to Forrest City.
- Cara McCollum, 2013 Miss New Jersey.
- Gilbert Morris, award-winning Christian author.
- King Perry, jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, arranger, and bandleader.
- Jimmy Rogers, football player.
- Cal Slayton, comic book artist; grew up in Forrest City.
- Vernon Sykes, member of the Ohio House of Representatives.
- Dwight Tosh, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives from Jonesboro; former Forrest City resident
- Winston P. Wilson, U.S. Air Force Major General and Chief of the National Guard Bureau; moved to Forrest City.
- Dennis Winston, NFL player.
- G. Wood, one of four actors to appear in both the 1970 film M*A*S*H and the television series M*A*S*H.
- Marshall Wright, Forrest City lawyer and Democratic member of the Arkansas House of Representatives for Monroe County and portions of St. Francis, Woodruff, and Lee counties, since 2011
- Sara Menefee Harris, 2000 Miss Arkansas
- "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Aug 22, 2018.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Office of the Mayor". Archived from the original on 2011-10-28.
- McIntosh, Barbara (May 2, 1988). "The Class That Crossed the Great Divide; In Arkansas, a High School's First Integrated Prom". The Washington Post.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Forrest City city, Arkansas." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 1, 2011.
- "FCI Forrest City Medium Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on May 1, 2011. "FCI FORREST CITY MEDIUM FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION 1400 DALE BUMPERS ROAD FORREST CITY, AR 72335"
- "Post Office™ Location - FORREST CITY Archived 2012-08-30 at the Wayback Machine.." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 1, 2011.
- Welch, Melanie (2012). "Lewis Porter Featherstone (1851–1922)". Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture.
- Reichler, Joseph L., ed. (1979) . The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8..
- Miller, Lindsey (June 18, 2013). "Forrest City Native Cara McCollum Wins Miss New Jersey". Arkansas Times.
- Arkansas Democrat Gazette
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