Finswimming World Championships

The Finswimming World Championships is the peak international event for the underwater sport of finswimming. These are conducted on behalf of the sport's governing body, Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques (CMAS) by an affiliated national federation.

Scheduling

The championship is split into two events on the basis of age for both male and female swimmers - seniors (i.e. 18 years and older) and juniors (i.e. 12 to 17 years old).[1] The senior championship was first held in 1976 while the junior championship was first held in 1989.[2] From 1976 to 1990, the senior championships were held every four years, except for the championship held in Moscow during 1982, and from 1990 to 2006 it was held every two years.[2] The junior championship has been held every two years from 1993, with the exception of the years 2005 and 2006.[2] As of 2007, the championships have been held every two years, with the senior age group event being held in the odd years starting with 2007, while the junior age group event is held in even years starting with 2008.[1]

Organisation

A world championship is conducted at two sites within a geographical locality - one being an olympic-size swimming pool (also known as a long course pool) and the other being an open water site suitable for long distance finswimming.[1]

The pool competition is carried out over five days with qualifying heats held in the morning and finals held in the afternoon. Races are conducted in the following techniques and distances for both male and female swimmers:

  • Surface finswimming (SF) - individual races for distances of 50m, 100m, 200m, 400m, 800m and 1500m, and relays for 4 × 100 m, 4 × 200 m and 4×50 (mixed).
  • Bi-Fins (BF, also known as ‘Stereo-fins’) - 50m, 100m, 200m and 400m, and relays for 4×100 (mixed).
  • Apnoea finswimming (AP also known as ‘apnea’) - 50m while juniors younger than 14 years old swim only 25m.
  • Immersion finswimming (IM) - 100m, amd 400m.[1]

As of 2014, the long distance competition is held over one day for senior and juniors swimmers with the following schedule: Morning - 4 x 2 km mixed team relay (2 men and 2 women) and Afternoon - 6 km individual swim. National federations may register a maximum of one relay team and a maximum of four individuals for the 6 km race. Long distance swimming is only open to SF and BF techniques.[1][3]

History

Senior championship

Year Date Championship Location event # Athletes # Events
1976 August 30 September 5 1st Finswimming World Championships Hannover, West Germany[4] 11(m), 10(w)
1980 August 5 10 2nd Finswimming World Championships Bologne, Italy[5] 11(m), 10(w)
1982 August 24 29 3rd Finswimming World Championships Moscow, USSR[6] 10(m), 10(w)
1986 August 3 10 4th Finswimming World Championships West Berlin[7] 11(m), 10(w)
1990 August 28 September 2 5th Finswimming World Championships Rome, Italy 11(m), 11(w)
1992 August 17 24 6th Finswimming World Championships Athens, Greece 11(m), 11(w)
1994 October 24 31 7th Finswimming World Championships Dongguan, China 12(m), 12(w)
1996 August 18 25 8th Finswimming World Championships Dunaújváros, Hungary 12(m), 12(w)
1998 August 29 September 6 9th Finswimming World Championships Cali, Colombia 12(m), 12(w)
2000 October 1 09 10th Finswimming World Championships Palma de Mallorca, Spain 12(m), 12(w)
2002 September 7 16 11th Finswimming World Championships Patras, Greece 12(m), 12(w)
2004 October 21 29 12th Finswimming World Championships Shanghai, China 12(m), 12(w)
2006 July 2 12 13th Finswimming World Championships Turin, Italy 15(m), 15(w)
2007 July 27 August 6 14th Finswimming World Championships Bari, Italy 18(m), 18(w)
2009 August 20 30 15th Finswimming World Championships St. Petersburg, Russia 212 18(m), 18(w)
2011 July 28 August 7 16th Finswimming World Championships Hódmezővásárhely, Hungary[8] 350 18(m), 18(w)
2013 August 11 – 21 17th Finswimming World Championships Kazan, Russia 18(m), 18(w)
2015 July 15 – 22 18th Finswimming World Championships[9] Yantai China 15(m), 15(w), 1 (mixed)
2016 June 23 – 28 19th Finswimming World Championships Volos, Greece 15(m), 15(w), 1 (mixed)
2018 June 14 – 21 20th Finswimming World Championships Belgrade, Serbia 16(m), 16(w), 3 (mixed)
2020 July 21st Finswimming World Championships Tomsk, Russia

Junior championship

Year Date Championship Location event # Athletes # Events
1989 July 16 18 1st Finswimming Junior World Championship Dunaújváros, Hungary[10]
1993 September 2 5 2nd Finswimming Junior World Championships Lyon, France[11]
1995 July 24 30 3rd Finswimming Junior World Championships Bratislava, Slovakia[12]
1997 August 18 24 4th Finswimming Junior World Championships Balatonfűzfő, Hungary[13]
1999 August 4 8 5th Finswimming Junior World Championships Strasbourg, France[14]
2001 July 23 30 6th Finswimming Junior World Championships Aguascalientes, Mexico[15]
2003 August 30 September 7 7th Finswimming Junior World Championships Jeju, South Korea[16]
2005 August 1 8 8th Finswimming Junior World Championships Ostrowiec, Poland[17]
2006 July 24 August 2 9th Finswimming Junior World Championships Moscow, Russia[18]
2008 July 2 12 10th Finswimming Junior World Championships Neiva, Colombia[19]
2010 July 5 12 11th Finswimming Junior World Championships Palma de Mallorca, Spain[20] 200 23 nations
2012 July 16 22 12th Finswimming Junior World Championships Graz, Austria[21]
2014 June 25 July 1 13th Finswimming Junior World Championships Chania, Greece[22] 198 24 nations
2016 July 4 – 11 14th Finswimming Junior World Championships Annemasse, France
2017 July 31 – August 7 15th Finswimming Junior World Championships Tomsk, Russia
2019 July 28 – August 4 16th Finswimming Junior World Championships Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 FINSWIMMING - CMAS RULES VERSION 2012/03 In force as from January 1st 2013 (BoD179 - 22/11/2012). Rome: Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. 2012. pp. 7–9.
  2. 1 2 3 "Finswimming Championships Archive". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  3. "Some Changes in "Open Water" for CMAS Championships 2014". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
  4. "1st World Championship". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  5. "2nd World Championship". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  6. "3rd World Championship". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  7. "4th World Championship". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  8. "Finswimming World Championship in Hódmezővásárhely". 18 July 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  9. "Finswimming World Championship (Swimming pool and LD)". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
  10. "1st World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  11. "2nd World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  12. "3rd World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  13. "4th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  14. "5th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  15. "6th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  16. "7th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  17. "8th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  18. "9th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  19. "10th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  20. "11th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  21. "12th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  22. "The competition - 13th CMAS Finswimming Junior World Championship". Retrieved 17 July 2014.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.